Lucien, Lord of Monaco
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|Lord of Monaco|
|Reign||11 October 1505 – 22 August 1523|
|Died||22 August 1523|
|Spouse||Jeanne de Pontevès-Cabanes|
|Mother||Claudine Grimaldi, Lady of Monaco|
Family and Marriage
On 25 September 1514 he married Jeanne de Pontevès-Cabanes. The couple had at least five children;
- Francesco (born c. 1516 – died young)
- Claudine (born c. 1517)
- Lamberto (born c. 1519 – died young )
- Rainier (born c. 1521 – died young)
- Honoré (1522 – 7 October 1581)
A year after Lucien's reign began, Genoa broke free of France, and many of its people fled to Monaco for refuge. In December 1506, 14,000 Genoese troops besieged Monaco and its castle. The blockade lasted for five months, until Lucien was able to rout the Genoese in March 1507. Monaco, and by extension Lucien, was now in a tight spot, being subjects of France but caught in a diplomatic tight spot between France and Spain, trying to preserve its fragile independence.
In 1515, Lucien bought the feudal rights over the city of Mentone, retained by the family of Anne de Lascaris, Countess of Villars, thus bringing the city, as a whole, under Monaco's sovereignty until the French Revolution.
On 22 August 1523, Lucien was assassinated by his nephew, Bartholomew Doria of Dolceaqua, son of Lucien's sister Francoise Doria, at the Prince's Palace of Monaco. His body was dragged down the steps of the palace by Doria's men, to be shown to the disbelieving masses, thus inciting a riot wherein the people of Monaco chased Doria and his men out of the country.
Andrea Doria, the famous admiral and a cousin to Bartholomew, is believed to have had prior knowledge of the assassination. The full extent of his compliance in this event is speculation, stemming from his being in the Port of Hercules with his squadron of ships on the day of the assassination and his having received a message from Bartholomew that was sent out of the palace just moments before Bartholomew carried out the assassination. The message was believed to have been a ruse to get rid of Lucien's major domo and twelve or fourteen of Lucien's armed men, leaving Lucien alone in the company of his nephew, but for one slave.
Lucien was succeeded by his youngest son, Honoré.
- Monaco issued a stamp in Lucien's honor, in 1967.
- Lucien was responsible for extensive repairs and additions to the Prince's Palace of Monaco, resulting from damage received during the Genoese siege.
- Pope Adrian VI visited Monaco during Lucien's reign, in 1522.
- Monaco issued a 2 euro coin for Lucien in 2012.
- A painting of Lucien Grimaldi, attributed to Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio, hangs in the galleries of the Princely Palace of Monaco.
- Chiavassa, Henri (1964). The History of the Principality as Seen through its Postage Stamps. Monaco: Postage Stamp Issuing Office. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Mad for Monaco: Lucien Grimaldi, Lord of Monaco". 8 May 2015. Archived from the original on 8 May 2015.
- "Lucien Grimaldi / Personnages / Histoire et Patrimoine / Gouvernement…". 27 March 2019. Archived from the original on 27 March 2019.
| Lord of Monaco
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