Lucien Marcus Underwood

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Lucien Marcus Underwood
Lucien Underwood.jpg
Born (1853-10-26)October 26, 1853
New Woodstock, New York, USA
Died November 16, 1907(1907-11-16) (aged 54)
Redding, Connecticut
Nationality American
Scientific career
Fields Botany, Mycology, Pteridology

Lucien Marcus Underwood (October 26, 1853 – November 16, 1907) was an American botanist and mycologist of the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Early life and career[edit]

He was born in New Woodstock, New York,[1] and graduated from Syracuse University. In 1880 he was appointed professor of geology and botany in Illinois Wesleyan University, in 1883 professor of biology in his alma mater, and in 1891 he became professor of botany in De Pauw University. In 1896, after a short stint as a biology professor at Auburn University[2], Underwood became a professor of botany at Columbia University and joined the staff of the New York Botanical Garden.[3][4]


Underwood published numerous papers in botanical journals, and was the author of Our Native Ferns and how to study them (Bloomington, Ill., 1881; 4th ed., 1893), Descriptive Catalogue of North American Hepaticae (New York, 1884) and “Hepaticae” in Gray's Manual of Botany. He also prepared An Illustrated Century of Fungi with 100 specimens (1889), and Hepaticae Americanae with 160 specimens (1887–93).[3][4]

Personal life[edit]

After losing large amounts of money on Wall Street, Underwood attempted to murder his wife and daughter before committing suicide at the family's home in Redding, Connecticut.[5]


  1. ^ New Woodstock, N.Y. is in Madison County. Woodstock, New York is in Ulster County.
  2. ^ "Montgomery Advertiser: June 12, 1896". 
  3. ^ a b Curtis CC. (1908). "A Biographical Sketch of Lucien Marcus Underwood". Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 35 (1): 1–12. JSTOR 2479036. 
  4. ^ a b Howe MA. (1908). "Lucien Marcus Underwood: A Memorial Tribute". Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 35 (1): 13–16. JSTOR 2479037. 
  5. ^ "Prof. Underwood commits suicide," New York Times, 1907-11-17. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
  6. ^ IPNI.  Underw. 

External links[edit]