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The name "Lucifugus" comes from two Latin words: lux ("light"; genitive lucis), and fugio ("to flee"), which means "[he who] flees the light". "Rofocal" may be an anagram of "Focalor", the name of another important demon who is possibly in Rofocale's servitude. Another possibility for the origin of "Rofocal" is intimately connected to the very nature of Lucifuge. As Lucifuge is the reverse of Lucifer (Latin for "light bearer"), so is the name "Rofocal" derived from "Lucifer" reversed – that is, "Reficul".
In some modern left-hand path belief systems, the demon Lucifuge is said to be the ruler of the qliphoth Satariel. This belief originally comes from a claimed translation of an ancient Hebrew manuscript made by Eliphas Levi and has since then gained acceptance.
Modern-day occult orders such as Dragon Rouge, the Order of Phosphorus and the Temple of the Black Light incorporate the idea of Lucifuge as one of the eleven rulers (there are ten qliphoths, and the last one, Thaumiel, is split in two, thus making eleven).
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Lucifuge is a demon in the Megami Tensei series.
In the 1987 movie Angel Heart, Ethan Krusemark tells Harry Angel that Johnny Favorite once summoned Lucifuge in a black-magic ritual. Stephen Leather's Jack Nightingale series of detective novels with an occult twist feature Lucifuge Rofocale in several volumes.
- Guiley, Rosemary (2009). The Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. Infobase Publishing. pp. 154–155. ISBN 1-438-13191-7.
- Faust, Dr. Johann (2011). Praxis Magica Faustiana. Society of Esoteric Endeavour.
- Philosophie Occulte, Serie II, page 136.
- Howard, Jonathan (2010). Johannes Cabal the Necromancer. Anchor Books. ISBN 978-0767930765.
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