Lucignano

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Lucignano
Comune
Comune di Lucignano
Lucignano from the castle
Lucignano from the castle
Lucignano is located in Italy
Lucignano
Lucignano
Location of Lucignano in Italy
Coordinates: 43°16′N 11°45′E / 43.267°N 11.750°E / 43.267; 11.750Coordinates: 43°16′N 11°45′E / 43.267°N 11.750°E / 43.267; 11.750
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Province of Arezzo (AR)
Area
 • Total 44.9 km2 (17.3 sq mi)
Elevation 400 m (1,300 ft)
Population (Dec. 2004)
 • Total 3,483
 • Density 78/km2 (200/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Lucignanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 52046
Dialing code 0575
Website Official website

Lucignano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Arezzo in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) southeast of Florence and about 25 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of Arezzo. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 3,483 and an area of 44.9 square kilometres (17.3 sq mi).[1]

Lucignano borders the following municipalities: Foiano della Chiana, Marciano della Chiana, Monte San Savino, Rapolano Terme, and Sinalunga.

History and sights[edit]

The name Lucignano probably derives from the Roman family of the consul Licinio. Known as the "pearl of Valdichiana", [2] Lucignano is a remarkably conserved medieval walled hill-top village (400 meters above sea level), elliptical in shape. Its altitude and strategic position on the road between Siena and Arezzo meant that between 1200 and 1500 it was continually the subject of battles between these cities, involving also Florence and Perugia. Its walls, with three gates, were constructed by the Sienese in 1371. Once the town came under the rule of Florence, construction began of the fortress, attributed to Bernardo Puccini.

Sights include:

Of note is the elaborate reliquary made for the church of San Francesco, which is now in the Museo Civico, on the ground floor of the 13th Century town hall (Italian: Palazzo Pretorio). Called the L’albero della vita (The Tree of Life; The Golden Tree or The Tree of Lucignano) the central stem is supported on a Gothic reliquary, from which spread out twelve branches, surmounted by a Crucifix and a pelican. On the branches there are sprigs of coral, representing the blood of Christ. [2] The tree is gilded and bejeweled and is signed by two jewellers, Ugolino da Vieri in 1350 and Gabriello D'Antonio in 1471. Also in the museum are works by Luca Signorelli, the Sienese School, and a Crucifixion from Umbria.

Cinema[edit]

The 2010 film Certified Copy directed by Abbas Kiarostami was set and filmed in Lucignano.

Demographic evolution[edit]

Piazza S. Francesco with the church of S. Francesco in the background.

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ a b "City of Lucignano: Tuscany". Retrieved 14 January 2016. 

External links[edit]