Lucius Marcius Philippus (consul 38 BC)

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For other Romans with the same name, see Lucius Marcius Philippus.

Lucius Marcius Philippus was a Roman politician who was elected suffect consul in 38 BC. He was step-brother to the future emperor Augustus.

Biography[edit]

O: diademed head of Ancus Marcius, lituus behind R: equestrian statue on 5 arches of aqueduct (Aqua Marcia)

PHILIPPVS A-Q-V-A-(MAR)

Silver denarius struck by Lucius Marcius Philippus in Rome 56 BC.

Lucius Marcius Philippus claimed origin of his family from the fourth legendary Roman king Ancus Marcius. Reverse commemorates Romans that the Marcii are responsible for supplies of fresh water.

A member of the plebeian branch of the Marcia family, Philippus was the son of Lucius Marcius Philippus, the consul of 56 BC. By 50 BC, he had possibly become an Augur, one of the priests of ancient Rome.[1] In 49 BC he was elected as Plebeian Tribune, where he vetoed the proposal to send Faustus Sulla, Pompey’s son-in-law, as propraetor to Mauretania, to persuade kings Bocchus II and Bogud to side with Pompey and abandon Julius Caesar.[2] In 44 BC he was elected praetor, and although he was granted a province to administer after his term had finished, he refused to accept the validity of the allotment of provinces agreed to in a Senate meeting of November 28, 44 BC.[3]

With his father’s marriage to Atia Balba Caesonia, he became step-brother to Octavianus, Julius Caesar’s heir. His father used his influence to help Philippus to obtain the consulate as one of the suffect consuls of 38 BC; nevertheless, during his consulate Philippus did not declare himself openly for his step-brother in Octavianus’s rivalry with Mark Antony.[4] By 35 BC, he was appointed the proconsular governor of one of the two provinces of Hispania.[5] After serving there for two years, he returned to Rome, where he was awarded a triumph which he celebrated on April 27, 33 BC for his actions while governor.[6] With the spoils of his victories, he restored the temple of Hercules and the Muses in the Circus Flaminius.[7]

Philippus did not appear to have any living sons to succeed him.[8] Philippus married Atia, daughter of Julia Minor and Marcus Atius Balbus and maternal aunt of Augustus.[9] She bore him a daughter Marcia, who later married Paullus Fabius Maximus. Marcia had one son and possibly one daughter: Paullus Fabius Persicus and Fabia Numantina, who may have been the daughter of Maximus' brother Africanus Fabius Maximus.

Political offices
Preceded by
Appius Claudius Pulcher and Gaius Norbanus Flaccus
Suffect Consul of the Roman Republic
with Lucius Cornelius Lentulus
38 BC
Succeeded by
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Lucius Caninius Gallus

Sources[edit]

  • T. Robert S. Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, Vol II (1952).
  • Syme, Ronald, The Roman Revolution (1939)
  • Holmes, T. Rice, The Roman Republic and the Founder of the Empire, Vol. III (1923)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Broughton, pg. 254
  2. ^ Holmes, pg. 2; Broughton, pg. 258
  3. ^ Broughton, pg. 321
  4. ^ Syme, pg. 229; Broughton, pg. 389
  5. ^ Broughton, pg. 407; Syme, pg. 239
  6. ^ Broughton, pg. 415; Syme, pg. 241
  7. ^ Syme, pg. 241; Broughton, pg. 415
  8. ^ Syme, pg. 496
  9. ^ Syme, Ronald (1989). The Augustan Aristocracy. Oxford: Oxford Clarendon Press. p. 194. ISBN 978-0-19-814731-2. The name evokes Atia, the mother of Caesar Augustus and her younger sister Atia, who married Marcius Philippus (suff. 38 BC), whence Marcia, a cousin of the Princeps.  (Limited Preview of this page at Google Books)