Lucius Vitellius the Elder

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lucius Vitellius from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum
Titulus of Pyramus, the cubicularius of Lucius Vitellius
This page is on Lucius Vitellius, the father of the emperor Vitellius.
For his other son, the emperor's brother, see Lucius Vitellius the younger.

Lucius Vitellius Veteris or the Elder (before 7 BC – 51) was the youngest of four sons of quaestor Publius Vitellius and the only one who did not die through politics.

Career[edit]

Under Emperor Tiberius, he was consul in 34 and governor of Syria in 35. He deposed Pontius Pilate in 36 after complaints from the people in Samaria. He supported Emperor Caligula, and was a favorite of Emperor Claudius' wife Empress Valeria Messalina. During Claudius' reign, he was Consul again twice in 43 and 47, and governed Rome while the Emperor was absent on his invasion of Britain. Around the time that Claudius married Agrippina the Younger in 47, 48 or 49, Vitellius served as a Censor. Josephus in his Antiquities of the Jews Antiquities of the Jews Chapter 15 (Ant. 15.405 (15.11.4) records that he wrote Tiberius Caesar to request that the Jewish high priestly robe be allowed back under Jewish control and this request was granted.

He wielded great influence and was known for his outstanding character, though at one time, a Roman Senator accused him of treason. He died of paralysis in 51. Lucius received a state funeral and had a statue on the rostra ‘steadfast loyal to the Emperor’.

Family[edit]

Lucius married a Roman woman named Sextilia, a reputable woman from a distinguished family. She gave birth to two sons named Aulus Vitellius Germanicus (the ephemeral Emperor in 69), and Lucius Vitellius.

In fiction[edit]

Vitellius is a prominent character in Robert Graves's novel Claudius the God, an intimate friend of Claudius.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Otho,
and Gaius Octavius Laenas

as Suffect consuls
Consul of the Roman Empire
34
with Paullus Fabius Persicus
Succeeded by
Quintus Marcius Barea Soranus,
and Titus Rustius Nummius Gallus

as Suffect consuls
Preceded by
Cornelius Lupus,
and Gaius Caecina Largus
Consul of the Roman Empire
43
with Claudius III
Succeeded by
Sextus Palpellius Hister,
and Lucius Pedanius Secundus

as Suffect consuls
Preceded by
Gaius Terentius Tullius Geminus,
and Marcus Junius Silanus
Consul of the Roman Empire
47
with Claudius IV
Succeeded by
Gaius Calpetanus Rantius Sedatus, and
Marcus Hordeonius Flaccus

as Suffect consuls