Vorenus and Pullo
A page (p. 118) of Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico with description of actions of T. Pulsio & L. Varenus
|Unit||Legio XI Claudia|
|Allegiance||Julius Caesar, later Pompey|
|Unit||Legio XI Claudia|
Legio XXIV Vixtrix Rapax
|Battles/wars||Battle of Pharsalus|
Vorenus and Pullo appear in Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico, Book 5, Chapter 44. The episode describes the two as centurions, approaching the first ranks, who shared a bitter personal rivalry, and takes place in 54 BC when the Nervii attacked the legion under Quintus Cicero in their winter quarters in Nervian territory.
In an effort to outdo Vorenus, Pullo charged out of the fortified camp and attacked the enemy. Pullo casts his javelin into one of the enemy from a short distance, but his belt is simultaneously pierced by a spear, preventing him from drawing his sword, and he is surrounded by other Nervii. Just then, Vorenus, following Pullo from the fortifications, reached the site of the mêlée and engaged the enemy in hand-to-hand combat. After slaying one of the enemy and driving back the rest, Vorenus lost his footing on the irregular terrain. As the Nervii drew closer to him, Pullo came to his rescue. After slaying many of their opponents, the two retreated to the fortifications amidst roaring applause from their comrades, or "covered with glory," as described by Caesar.
In the Civil War of 49 BC, Pullo was assigned to the XXI Victrix Rapax, a new Italian legion commanded by the legate Gaius Antonius. In 48 BC, Antonius was blockaded on an island and forced to surrender; Pullo was apparently responsible for most of his soldiers switching sides to fight for Pompey. Later that year, he is recorded bravely defending Pompey's camp in Greece from Caesar's attack shortly before the Battle of Pharsalus.
- Lucius Vorenus and Titus Pullo are principal characters in the HBO/BBC/RAI original television series Rome. Vorenus is played by actor Kevin McKidd and Pullo by Ray Stevenson. Unlike the historical centurions, the fictional characters are members of the 13th Legion (Legio XIII Gemina), an ally of Caesar, and particularly of Octavian. Unlike historical records, the two are close friends, and are foils to one another. Vorenus is shown as more conservative and uptight, while Pullo is portrayed as a rowdy yet honorable soldier.
- Lucius Vorenus and Titus Pullo are minor characters in Caesar, the fifth book in Colleen McCullough's Masters of Rome series. They are shown as centurions, serving under Quintus Cicero, commander of the Ninth Legion (Legio IX Hispana).
- Vorenus and Pullo appear in the Legion tetralogy of the Videssos Cycle by Harry Turtledove. The novels recount the adventures of several maniples of Caesar's legions in Gaul that are whisked away by druid spells to a land of magic loosely based on the Byzantine Empire. The two companions are fairly faithful to Caesar's portrayal, starting as rival legionaries before rising to centurion rank and becoming fast friends.
- Vorenus and Pullo are characters in Michael Livingston's 2015 historical fantasy novel The Shards of Heaven.
- His nomen is given as Pulfio, Puleio, Pullio, Pulcio or Pulcia in various manuscripts.
- Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 5.44
- The Conquest of Gaul, Julius Caesar, p. 125 (Penguin 1982) ISBN 978-0-14-044433-9
- Dio Cassius, Roman History 41.40; Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Civili 3.67
- "The Shards of Heaven by Michael Livingston". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
- "Review: The Shards of Heaven by Michael Livingston". Kirkus Reviews. September 3, 2015. Retrieved January 29, 2016.