Lucknow Metro

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Lucknow Metro
Lucknow Metro Logo.svg
Lucknow Metro
Lucknow Metro under operation.jpg
Overview
OwnerLucknow Metro Rail Corporation
Area servedLucknow Metrpolitan
LocaleLucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines1 (Operational)
1 (Approved)
Line numberNorth-South (Red Line)
East-West (Blue Line)
Number of stations22 (Operational)
12 (Approved)
Daily ridership11,000[1] (May 2018)
Key peopleE. Sreedharan (Principal Adviser)
Durga Shanker Mishra
Secretary, MoHUA
Kumar Keshav, MD[2]
HeadquartersAdministrative Headquarters, Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow 226010
WebsiteLMRC
Operation
Began operation5 September 2017; 2 years ago (5 September 2017)
Operator(s)LMRC
Number of vehicles80
Train length4 coaches
Headway5 Minutes[3]
Technical
System length22.87 km (14.21 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (Standard gauge)[4]
Electrification25 kV Overhead[4]
Average speed32–34 km/h (20–21 mph)[4]
Top speed90 km/h (56 mph)[4][5]
System map

Lucknow Metro Route Map

Lucknow Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Lucknow in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.[6][7] Construction of the line begun on 27 September 2014 with the 8.5 km (5.3 mi) stretch from Transport Nagar to Charbagh Railway Station which began its commercial operation on 5 September 2017, making it the fastest built metro rail system in the country. Full operation on Red Line stretch from Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport metro station to Munshi Pulia metro station began operation on 9 March 2019.

The Lucknow metro cover a distance of 22.87 km with 22 stations. It is the eighth longest operational metro network in India after the Delhi Metro, Hyderabad Metro , Chennai Metro, Namma Metro , Noida Metro, Kolkata Metro and Kochi Metro.

The Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) has hired 35 customer relation assistants to assist commuters, especially senior citizens in getting tickets. LMRC has also provided free RO drinking water, toilets, escalators and lifts at all the stations.

The Lucknow metro project is the most expensive transport system in Uttar Pradesh to date with an estimated total cost for Phase 1A (Red Line) and 1B (Blue Line) of about $2 billion, of which 6,928 crore (US$1.0 billion) is being spent on phase 1A.[8] The Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation, a 50:50 joint venture between the Government of India and the Government of Uttar Pradesh, was established to build and operate the metro.[9]

Once completed, the Lucknow Metro will have 2 Lines (1A & 1B), the longer Red (North-South) line, running from Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport to Munshi Pulia chauraha with a total length of 22.87 km (14.21 mi), and the Blue (East-West) line, running from Charbagh Railway Station to Vasant Kunj. Charbagh Railway Station will serve as the junction station between the two lines. Further, Metro Phase 2 & 3 will consist of 6 lines of 74 km. Phase 2 will be of 3 lines from IIM Lucknow to Rajajipuram, Indira Nagar to CG City and CG City to CCS International Airport. Phase 3 will be of 3 lines from Munshipulia to Jankipuram, Charbagh to SGPGI and Sachivalaya to CG City. Phase 4 will further see metro expanding to outer areas and to satellite towns.

The current phase that is completed is between Munshi Pulia and Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport. The time that it takes to go from one end to another is approximately 50 Minutes with a maximum fare of ₹ 60.

History[edit]

The original design of the metro project included one north-south and one east-west corridor, with links through Gomti Nagar. Estimated costs for the north-south corridor were 5,413 crore (equivalent to 83 billion or US$1.2 billion in 2018), 3,611 crore (equivalent to 56 billion or US$800 million in 2018) for the east-west corridor and 495 crore (equivalent to 762 crore or US$110 million in 2018) for the link through Gomti Nagar.[10] The initial layout of the east-west corridor started from Rajajipuram and ended at Hahnemann, after passing through Gomti Nagar via Hazratganj and Patrakarpuram, a distance of 14 kilometres (8.7 mi). However, in 2010 the design was changed so the corridor started from Vasant Kunj and terminated at Charbagh, a revised distance of 13 kilometres (8.1 mi).[11]

A revised east-west corridor would have connected the Lucknow railway station at Charbagh to Vasantkunj on Hardoi Road and have a total length of 11 km (6.8 mi), including 4.29 km elevated (2.67 mi), 0.5 km ramp (0.31 mi) and 6.3 km underground (3.9 mi). Once completed the corridor would have 12 stations, seven underground, Lucknow Railway Station (Charbagh), Gautam Budh Marg, Aminabad, Pandeyganj, Chattrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University (King George Medical University) and Niwazganj, and five elevated, Thakurganj, Balaganj, Sarfarazganj, Moosa Bagh and the terminus at Vasant Kunj.

The design of North-South corridor had two elevated sections, with a total distance of 19 km (12 mi), separated by a 3 km tunnel (1.9 mi). The length of the ramps between the elevated and below ground sections would total 0.8 km (0.50 mi). When completed, the corridor would run for a total distance of 23 kilometres (14 mi) and connect Amausi airport to Munshipulia.[12][13] Passengers would be served by a total of 22 stations, with 19 elevated and 3 below ground.[14] Elevated stations were to be located at Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport, Amausi, Transport Nagar, Krishna Nagar, Shringar Nagar, Alambagh, ISBT, Mawaiya, Durgapuri, Charbagh. Following Charbagh station, the line descends underground where Hussain Ganj, Sachivalaya (Uttar Pradesh Secretariat) and Hazratganj stations are located. The line then returns above ground for the remaining stations of the corridor, KD Singh Babu Stadium, Lucknow University, IT College, Badshahnagar, Lekhraj Market, Ramsagar Mishra Nagar, Indira Nagar and the terminus at Munshi Pulia.[15]

For the Gomti Nagar link, the train coming from the airport terminal was to be diverted towards Gomti Nagar at the Indira Nagar trisection Polytechnic crossing along an elevated route. The planned stations were Indira Nagar Trisection, West End Mall (Waves Multiplex) Gomti Nagar & Patrakarpuram.

The metro could accommodate speeds up to 90 km/h (56 mph) but the typical usage would be at speeds of 34 km/h (21 mph) for the north-south corridor and 32 km/h (20 mph) for the east-west corridor. Originally, the metro trains were to be housed in one of two depots, a 20 hectares (49 acres) depot at Vasant Kunj and another at the airport, but due to security concerns the airport depot was removed from the plan.[16]

In 2013, a report published by the Department of Housing and Urban Planning of the Government of Uttar Pradesh resulted in major changes to the metro project. The two corridor design was scrapped and replaced with one featuring a denser network of connectivity. This revision resulted in the layout of route being entirely elevated with no underground sections. The increased coverage of the metro would raise the cost of the project but reduced the operating cost per km. The reduction in operating cost is impacted by the difference in construction costs of the line itself, one km of overhead track costs 180 crore (US$26 million) as compared to 550 crore (US$80 million) for an underground track. The underground design also raised concerns about safety as well as increased energy consumption. The report also proposed the construction of an elevated Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) as a feeder service to the metro.[17]

Project timeline[edit]

  • September 2008: DMRC submits a concept paper after the Lucknow metro rail project is proposed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
  • October 2008: The project is cleared by Lucknow Development Authority (LDA).
  • February 2009: An agreement is signed between DMRC and LDA.[18]
  • June 2009: A Bangalore-based company hired by DMRC studies traffic pattern of Lucknow.
  • July 2009: Geotechnical survey initiated by DMRC.
  • April 2010: Traffic and transportation report is submitted by DMRC.
  • May 2010: DMRC and a committee headed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh chief secretary start consultation process related to traffic issues.
  • June 2010: DMRC submits the route alignment plan. The Lucknow divisional commissioner is asked to coordinate with the concerned departments.
  • August 2010: DMRC presents detailed route plan.
  • September 2010: The committee headed by the divisional commissioner consults DMRC on the route once again.
  • July 2011: A Detailed Project Report (DPR) is submitted.
  • June 2013: The state cabinet headed by chief minister Akhilesh Yadav gives clearance for the metro rail network.[19][20][21] The state cabinet also gave approval for the creation of Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation.[19][20][21]
  • August 2013: Government of Uttar Pradesh approves the revised Detailed Project Report (DPR) submitted by DMRC.[22]
  • October 2013: LMRC, a special purpose vehicle (SPV) is formed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh to build and operate the Lucknow Metro.[23] The SPV is incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 on 25 November 2013.[23] Construction Phase to begin in December.[23][24]
  • November 2013: DMRC submits tender for Lucknow Metro work, promises to complete the first phase by Feb 2017.[25]
  • December 2013: Government of India, in principle, approves the project.[26]
  • February 2014: E. Sreedharan appointed as the principal advisor of Lucknow metro.
  • March 2014: Foundation stone laid for Lucknow Metro project.
  • 10 July 2014: 100 crore (equivalent to 119 crore or US$17 million in 2018) set aside for Lucknow Metro in the union budget, by Minister of Finance, Arun Jaitley.[27]

Red Line[edit]

Blue Line[edit]

  • Aug 2019: Modified DPR is yet to be approved by state government and also LMRC is yet to get land for Metro deport which is to come up near upcoming Vasant Kunj metro station.[48]

Current Status[edit]

Lucknow Metro
Line Name Status First Operational Last Extension Station Length (KM) Terminal Rolling Stock Track Gauge (mm) Electrification
Red Line Operational 5 September 2017 8 March 2019 22 22.87 km (14.21 mi) CCS Airport Munshi Pulia Alstom 1435 25 kV OHE
Blue Line Under-Development (Expected 2022) NA 12 (Proposed) 11.1 km (6.9 mi) (Estimated) Charbagh Vasant Kunj NA 1435 25 kV OHE

Phase I[edit]

Line Name Stations Length Terminals Opening Date
Red Line 8 8.5 km (5.3 mi) Transport Nagar Charbagh Railway Station 5 September 2017
2 2.67 km (1.66 mi) Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport Transport Nagar 8 March 2019
11 12.6 km (7.8 mi) Charbagh Railway Station Munshipulia 8 March 2019
Blue Line 12 11.10 km (6.90 mi) Charbagh Railway Station Vasant Kunj 2022

Routes[edit]

Red Line[edit]

The Red Line was the first line of the Metro to be opened and connects Chaudhary's Charan Singh International Airport in the south to Charbagh in the central Lucknow. The line covering distance of 22.87 kilometres (14.21 mi) is being extended to Munshi Pulia. It is partly elevated and underground.

Blue Line[edit]

Blue Line is a proposed metro route of mass rapid transit system in Lucknow. It consists of 12 metro stations from Lucknow Charbagh railway station to Vasant Kunj with a total distance of 11.098 km (6.896 mi).

Funding[edit]

Over 50% of the Lucknow Metro rail project is funded through external debt from European Investment Bank.[23][49] The Lucknow Metro has its own operating body, the Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation, is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) and a 50:50 Joint Venture set-up by the Government of India and Government of Uttar Pradesh.[9][23] LMRC is headquartered in Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow.[50]

Infrastructure[edit]

Rolling stock[edit]

On 5 October 2015, Alstom was awarded a 1,102 crore (equivalent to 12 billion, US$180 million or €160 million in 2018) contract to construct 20 four car EMU for Phase 1A, based on their Metropolis design. The vehicles are to be constructed at Alstom's factory in Sricity, Andhra Pradesh.[51][52]

The vehicles will have capacity for up to 1310 passengers, and are to be fitted out with longitudinal seating, CCTV a dedicated FM radio station for safety and onboard entertainment. Power will be provided by the 25 kV AC Overhead. The trains will use Alstom's Urbalis signalling system for CBTC to maintain a 100-second gap between each train. The vehicles will have a golden livery and be decorated with images of notable Lucknow monuments including the Bara Imambara, the Asifi mosque and the Roomi Gate.

Station facilities[edit]

WiFi is available at each station with free access for smart card holders. Other services include free purified drinking water and free toilets.[53][54]

The North-South corridor of the Lucknow Metro uses an automated fare collection (AFC) system, provided by Datamatics.[55]

Security[edit]

Lucknow Metro's security is based on a hybrid model. The Uttar Pradesh Police, which has raised a dedicated squad of 393 personnel for this purpose from PAC, provides general security, which includes frisking, scanning, maintaining and having quick response teams (QRT) as per security norms,[56][57][58] while a private security agency provides operational security, which including maintaining hygiene of the station and ensuring that people queue properly.[56][57][58]

Personnel from the PAC were especially trained for providing security by the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) in New Delhi.[59][60]

Apart from this, CCTV and metal detectors are installed at every metro station.[61][62]

Ticketing and recharge[edit]

Ridership[edit]

The cumulative ridership of the metro rail in Lucknow crossed 1 million (1 million) in the first 70 days of commercial operation;[63] the rapid-transit system received 31,688 passengers on its inaugural day of services, the and recorded a ridership of 41,075 on 10 September.

As of June 2018, the daily ridership of Lucknow Metro ranges between 10,000 and 11,000;[64][1] with monthly ridership being 480,000 (480,000) in September 2017,[65] 400,000 (400,000) in October 2017,[65] 300,000 (300,000) in November and December 2017,[65] and around 300,000 (300,000) in January, February, March and April 2018.[65]

In popular culture[edit]

In January 2017, Hindi film Behen Hogi Teri became the first film to shoot scenes on the metro premises.[66]

Awards[edit]

  • Lucknow Metro was awarded 2nd Place for 'Best Metro for Excellence in Innovative Designs' at 5th Annual Metro Rail Summit in New Delhi behind the Delhi Metro. It competed against the other metro projects of the country like Mumbai Metro, Jaipur Metro etc.[67]
  • Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) was awarded the European Society for Quality Research (ESQR) Choice Prize Award 2016 under the Gold category,[68] a vanity award.
  • Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation won the Dun & Bradstreet Infra Award in 2017 in the Metro Rail category  for completing "Priority Corridor" of the North –South Corridor (Phase 1A) and commissioning the project in a record time of less than three years. .[69][70]
  • Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation won the International 'Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents' (RoSPA) Award. LMRC was given the Silver Award for its Phase 1A (North-South Corridor) in the Project/Infrastructure category for the year 2018.[71]
  • Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation was certified with the highest green rating (i.e. the Platinum Rating) by the Indian Green Building Council (IGBC).[72]
  • Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation has International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) 14001: 2004 & Occupational Health & Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS) 18001: 2007 certificates in recognition of the organisation's integrated management system in compliance with ISO & OHSAS standards and requirements.[73]
  • Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation was awarded the "Best Urban Mass Transit" project during the 10th Urban Mobility India Conference & Exhibition and CODATU XVII Conference under Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs at Hyderabad, Telangana in November 2017.[74]
  • Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation's managing director, Kumar Keshav,[75] was awarded with the 'Shaan-E-Lucknow' award by the organisers of the Lucknow Book Fair and a special postal envelope cover bearing the logo, symbol and mnemonic of Lucknow Metro was released.[76]
  • Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation won the first Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Memorial Award on Innovation in governance on 15 October 2016.[77]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  29. ^ अब रफ्तार पकड़ेगा लखनऊ मेट्रो प्रोजेक्ट, पीआईबी से मिल गया क्लीयरेंस [Lucknow Metro project gets clearance from PIB, will now speed up]. Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). 6 August 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=No (help)
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  57. ^ a b लखनऊ मेट्रो की सुरक्षा का जिम्मा संभालेगी पीएसी [The security of Lucknow Metro would be handled by PAC]. News18 (in Hindi). Lucknow. 31 August 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help); Invalid |dead-url=No (help)
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