Lucknow Metro

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Lucknow Metro
Lucknow Metro Logo.svg
Lucknow Metro
Lucknow Metro under operation.jpg
Overview
Owner Uttar Pradesh Metro Rail Corporation (UPMRC)
Area served District and city of Lucknow
Locale Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Transit type Metro
Number of lines 1 (Partly Operational), 1 (Approved),
6+ (Planned)
Line number North-South (Red Line)
East-West (Blue Line) (Approved)
Number of stations 8(Operational),
14 (Under Construction),
12 (Approved),
85+ (Planned)
Daily ridership 10,000[1][2] (May 2018)
Key people E. Sreedharan (Principal Adviser)
Durga Shanker Mishra, IAS (Union Housing and Urban Affairs Secretary and ex-officio Chairman, UPMRC)
Kumar Keshav (Managing Director, UPMRC)[3]
Headquarters Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation Administrative Headquarters, Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow 226010
Website Official Website
Operation
Began operation 5 September 2017; 12 months ago (5 September 2017)
Operator(s) Uttar Pradesh Metro Rail Corporation (UPMRC)
Number of vehicles 80
Headway 7 Minutes[4]
Technical
System length 8.5 km (5.3 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (Standard gauge)[5]
Electrification 25 kV overhead[5]
Average speed 32–34 km/h (20–21 mph)[5]
Top speed 90 km/h (56 mph)[5][6]
System map

Lucknow Metro Route Map

Lucknow Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Lucknow in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.[7][8] Construction of the line began on 27 September 2014 with the 8.5 km (5.3 mi) stretch from Transport Nagar to Charbagh Railway Station which began its commercial operation on 5 September 2017, making it the fastest built metro rail system in the country.

The Lucknow metro project is the most expensive transport system in Uttar Pradesh to date with an estimated total cost for Phase 1A (Red Line) and 1B (Blue Line) of about $2 billion, of which 6,928 crore (US$960 million) is being spent on phase 1A.[9] The Uttar Pradesh Metro Rail Corporation, a 50:50 joint venture between the Government of India and the Government of Uttar Pradesh, was established to build and operate the metro.[10]

Once completed, the Lucknow Metro will have 2 Lines (1A & 1B), the longer Red (North-South) line, running from Airport to Munshi Pulia with a total length of 22.878 km (14.216 mi), and the Blue (East-West) line, running from Charbagh Railway Station to Vasant Kunj. Charbagh Railway Station will serve as the junction station between the two lines. Further, Metro Phase 2 & 3 will consist of 6 lines of 74 km. Phase 2 will be of 3 lines from IIM Lucknow to Rajajipuram, Indira Nagar to CG City and CG City to CCS International Airport. Phase 3 will be of 3 lines from Munshipulia to Jankipuram, Charbagh to SGPGI and Sachivalaya to CG City. Phase 4 will further see metro expanding to outer areas and to satellite towns.

History[edit]

The original design of the metro project included one north-south and one east-west corridor, with links through Gomti Nagar. Estimated costs for the north-south corridor were 5,413 crore (equivalent to 79 billion or US$1.1 billion in 2017), 3,611 crore (equivalent to 53 billion or US$740 million in 2017) for the east-west corridor and 495 crore (equivalent to 726 crore or US$100 million in 2017) for the link through Gomti Nagar.[11] The initial layout of the east-west corridor started from Rajajipuram and ended at Hahnemann, after passing through Gomti Nagar via Hazratganj and Patrakarpuram, a distance of 14 kilometres (8.7 mi). However, in 2010 the design was changed so the corridor started from Vasant Kunj and terminated at Charbagh, a revised distance of 13 kilometres (8.1 mi).[12]

A revised east-west corridor would have connected the Lucknow railway station at Charbagh to Vasantkunj on Hardoi Road and have a total length of 11 km (6.8 mi), including 4.29 km elevated (2.67 mi), 0.5 km ramp (0.31 mi) and 6.3 km underground (3.9 mi). Once completed the corridor would have 12 stations, seven underground, Lucknow Railway Station (Charbagh), Gautam Budh Marg, Aminabad, Pandeyganj, Chattrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University (King George Medical University) and Niwazganj, and five elevated, Thakurganj, Balaganj, Sarfarazganj, Moosa Bagh and the terminus at Vasant Kunj.

The design of North-South corridor had two elevated sections, with a total distance of 19 km (12 mi), separated by a 3 km tunnel (1.9 mi). The length of the ramps between the elevated and below ground sections would total 0.8 km (0.50 mi). When completed, the corridor would run for a total distance of 23 kilometres (14 mi) and connect Amausi airport to Munshipulia.[13][14] Passengers would be served by a total of 22 stations, with 19 elevated and 3 below ground.[15] Elevated stations were to be located at Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport, Amausi, Transport Nagar, Krishna Nagar, Shringar Nagar, Alambagh, ISBT, Mawaiya, Durgapuri, Charbagh. Following Charbagh station, the line descends underground where Hussain Ganj, Sachivalaya (Uttar Pradesh Secretariat) and Hazratganj stations are located. The line then returns above ground for the remaining stations of the corridor, KD Singh Babu Stadium, Lucknow University, IT College, Badshahnagar, Lekhraj Market, Ramsagar Mishra Nagar, Indira Nagar and the terminus at Munshi Pulia.[16]

For the Gomti Nagar link, the train coming from the airport terminal was to be diverted towards Gomti Nagar at the Indira Nagar trisection Polytechnic crossing along an elevated route. The planned stations were Indira Nagar Trisection, West End Mall (Waves Multiplex) Gomti Nagar & Patrakarpuram.

The metro could accommodate speeds up to 90 km/h (56 mph) but the typical usage would be at speeds of 34 km/h (21 mph) for the north-south corridor and 32 km/h (20 mph) for the east-west corridor. Originally, the metro trains were to be housed in one of two depots, a 20 hectares (49 acres) depot at Vasant Kunj and another at the airport, but due to security concerns the airport depot was removed from the plan.[17]

In 2013, a report published by the Department of Housing and Urban Planning of the Government of Uttar Pradesh resulted in major changes to the metro project. The two corridor design was scrapped and replaced with one featuring a denser network of connectivity. This revision resulted in the layout of route being entirely elevated with no underground sections. The increased coverage of the metro would raise the cost of the project but reduced the operating cost per km. The reduction in operating cost is impacted by the difference in construction costs of the line itself, one km of overhead track costs 180 crore (US$25 million) as compared to 550 crore (US$77 million) for an underground track. The underground design also raised concerns about safety as well as increased energy consumption. The report also proposed the construction of an elevated Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) as a feeder service to the metro.[18]

Project timeline[edit]

Status[edit]

The collection of soil samples for metro construction began on 3 August 2009,[45] and was completed by September. The report, released in October, concluded that the soil condition was suitable for the metro rail.[46] However, due to design changes proposed by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation in 2010,[12] it was not until February 2013 that the metro project was announced.[18] Uttar Pradesh chief minister, Akhilesh Yadav, approved the project in the same month but no state funding for the project was allocated as it was expected the project would be funded by a public-private partnership.[47]

A committee headed by Uttar Pradesh chief secretary, Alok Ranjan oversaw the initial stages of development of the project.[48][49] In May 2013, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) offered financial assistance to the Government of Uttar Pradesh for the metro rail project.[23][50][51]

Phase 1A of North-South Corridor[edit]

Phase 1A comprises one underground metro station (CCS International Airport), nine elevated metro stations (Amausi, Transport Nagar, Krishna Nagar, Singar Nagar, Alambagh, Alambagh Bus Station, Mawaiya, Durgapuri, Charbagh Railway Station) and three underground metro stations (Hussain Ganj, Secretariat & Hazratganj) of North-South corridor.

  • Construction on the Lucknow Metro began on 27 September 2014.[29]
  • April 2015: Work of placing of caps on pillars started.[52]
  • The placing of U-Girders began in May 2015.
  • Northern Railways in August cleared the hurdles coming in the way of construction of Lucknow metro and allowed it to work in Mawaiyya.
  • December 2015: Approximately 56% of the civil work had been completed
  • April 2016: 80% of construction work completed.
  • October 2016: LMRC's managing director, Kumar Keshav was awarded Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Memorial Award for Innovation in governance. Later in a speech, he said, "No other metro project has even been able to achieve this feat in the past as compared with Lucknow Metro's speed of deliverance in the country."[53]
  • November 2016: Four coaches of the first train set arrived at the Transport Nagar Depot on 20 November 2016. LMRC achieved another major milestone when the company succeeded in getting the delivery of the first metro train set in just 64 weeks after placing the order.[54]
  • 1 December 2016: The first trial runs on the first line of Lucknow Metro (Transport Nagar to Alambagh as the special span over railway underpass was not completed then) was performed.[35][36]
  • 5 September 2017: Services opened for general public from Transport Nagar to Charbagh Railway Station.[42][43][44]
  • Dec 2017: Breakthrough of tunnel work from Hussain Ganj to Hazratganj completed.[55]

Phase 1A extension of North-South Corridor[edit]

Phase 1A extension comprises eight metro stations (all elevated) to be constructed on North-South corridor. The eight stations are KD Singh Stadium, Vishwavidyalaya, IT College, Badshah Nagar, Lekhraj Market, RS Mishra Nagar, Indira Nagar and Munshipulia.

  • Oct-2016: Lucknow metro team started working on the metro corridor from KD Singh Babu Stadium to Munshipulia from October-19 after the managing director and other officials performed Bhoomi puja on Faizabad Road in front of HAL. The Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) said that the 22.878 km (14.216 mi) of the North-South corridor would be completed by March 2019.[34]

Routes[edit]

The routes for the running of the metro rail are as given below:[13][14]

Line First operational Last Extension Stations Length Terminals Rolling stock Gauge Power
Red Line[56] 5 September 2017 NA 21 22.878 km (14.216 mi) (8.5 km (5.3 mi) operational, 14.38 km (8.94 mi)14.38 km Under Construction) CCS International Airport Munshi Pulia Alstom[57][58] 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (Standard gauge)[5] 25 kV overhead[5]
Blue Line[56] Planned NA 12 11.098 km (6.896 mi) Charbagh Railway Station Vasant Kunj NA 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (Standard gauge)[5] 25 kV overhead[5]

Red Line[edit]

The Red Line was the first line of the Metro to be opened and connects Transport Nagar in the south to Charbagh in the central Lucknow. The line covering distance of 22.87 kilometres (14.21 mi) is being extended to Munshi Pulia. It is partly elevated and underground.

Blue Line[edit]

Blue Line is a proposed metro route of mass rapid transit system in Lucknow. It consists of 12 metro stations from Lucknow Charbagh railway station to Vasant Kunj with a total distance of 11.098 km (6.896 mi).

Funding for Lucknow Metro[edit]

Over 50% of the Lucknow Metro rail project is funded through external debt from European Investment Bank.[24][59] The Lucknow Metro has its own operating body, the Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation, is a special purpose vehicle (SPV) and a 50:50 joint venture set-up by the Indian and Uttar Pradesh governments.[10][24] LMRC is headquartered in Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow.[60]

Infrastructure[edit]

Rolling stock[edit]

On 5 October 2015, Alstom was awarded a 1,102 crore (equivalent to 12 billion, US$160 million or €140 million in 2017) contract to construct 20 four car electric multiple units for Phase 1A, based on their Metropolis design. The vehicles are to be constructed at Alstom's factory in Sricity.[57][58]

The vehicles will have capacity for up to 1310 passengers, and are to be fitted out with longitudinal seating, closed-circuit television (CCTV), a dedicated FM radio station for safety and onboard entertainment. Power will be provided by the 25 kV AC overhead wires. The trains will use Alstom's Urbalis signalling system for communications-based train control (CBTC) to maintain a 100-second gap between each train. The vehicles will have a golden livery and be decorated with images of notable Lucknow monuments including the Bara Imambara, the Asifi mosque and the Roomi Gate.

Station facilities[edit]

WiFi is available at each station with free access for smart card holders. Other services include free purified drinking water and free toilets.[61][62]

The North-South corridor of the Lucknow Metro uses an automated fare collection (AFC) system, provided by Datamatics.[63]

Operation[edit]

Phase 1A[edit]

Trial runs of phase 1A began in December 2016,[35][36] with the line being inaugurated on 5 September 2017[64] by Uttar Pradesh chief minister, Yogi Adityanath, home minister Rajnath Singh and Uttar Pradesh governor, Ram Naik on 5 September 2017. The line between Transport Nagar and Charbagh Railway Station opened for service to the public on 6 September 2017.

Phase 1A extension[edit]

CCS International Airport to Transport Nagar and Charbagh Railway Station to Munshi Pulia will be completed by March 2019.

Security[edit]

Lucknow Metro's security is based on a hybrid model. The Uttar Pradesh Provincial Armed Constabulary (UP-PAC, or just PAC), which has raised a dedicated squad of 393 personnel for this purpose, provides general security, which includes frisking, scanning, maintaining and having quick response teams (QRT) as per security norms,[65][66][67] while a private security agency provides operational security, which including maintaining hygiene of the station and ensuring that people queue properly.[65][66][67]

Personnel from the PAC were especially trained for providing security by the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) in New Delhi.[68][69]

Apart from this, closed-circuit television cameras (CCTV) and metal detectors are installed at every metro station.[70][71]

Ticketing and recharge[edit]

Ridership[edit]

The cumulative ridership of the metro rail in Lucknow crossed 10 lakh (1 million) in the first 70 days of commercial operation;[72] the rapid-transit system received 31,688 passengers on its inaugural day of services, the and recorded a ridership of 41,075 on 10 September.

As of June 2018, the daily ridership of Lucknow Metro ranges between 10,000 and 11,000;[1][2] with monthly ridership being 4.8 lakh (480,000) in September 2017,[73] 4 lakh (400,000) in October 2017,[73] 3 lakh (300,000) in November and December 2017,[73] and around 3 lakh (300,000) in January, February, March and April 2018.[73]

In popular culture[edit]

In January 2017, Hindi film Behen Hogi Teri became the first film to shoot scenes on the metro premises.[74]

Awards[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  70. ^ Cite error: The named reference :Tech Specs LMRC2 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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  73. ^ a b c d Cite error: The named reference :19 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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External links[edit]