Lucretia Jans

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Lucretia Jans
Born1602
Died1641 (aged 38–39)
Dutch Republic
Known forSurviving the massacre following the Batavia shipwreck
Spouse(s)Boudewijn van der Mijlen
Jacob Cornelisz Cuick
Parent(s)Jans (or Hans) Meynertsz
Steffanie Joosten

Lucretia Jans, or Lucretia van der Mijlen (1602 in Amsterdamfl. 1641), was a survivor of the events that followed the sinking of the Batavia in 1629.[1]

She was the daughter of merchant Jan (or Hans) Meynertsz and Steffanie Joosten. She was married in 1620 to Boudewijn van der Mijlen (c. 1599 – 1629), diamond cutter, and in 1630, after her first husband's death, to Sergeant Jacob Cornelisz Cuick.

In October 1628, Jans departed the Netherlands on the Batavia to join her husband in Batavia, capital of the Dutch East India Company. On 4 June 1629, the ship foundered upon the reefs of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands off the western coast of Australia. Francisco Pelsaert, the ship's commander, and its skipper left with a team for Java (Jakarta) to seek help. Meanwhile, Jeronimus Cornelisz, the most senior Dutch East India Company official left behind, started terrorizing the other survivors with the intent of creating a pirate ship. Some were murdered and some of the women were used as sex slaves, with Cornelisz reserving Jans for himself.[2]

When the rescue team arrived from Batavia, Cornelisz was executed at the scene of the crime, and the rest were put on trial in Batavia. During the trial, it was alleged that Jans was guilty of "provocation, encouraging evil acts and murdering the survivors … some of whom lost their lives owing to her backhandedness." Jans was put on trial and denied the charges. The court applied for permission to torture her, but it is unknown whether such permission was granted; she seems to have been acquitted of the charges. She returned to the Netherlands in 1635.[3]

In 1647, the mutiny was described in the publication Ongeluckige voyagie van ’t schip Batavia ("Unlucky voyage of the ship Batavia"), based on the trial.[4] This led to a law change—that made reference to the case—which limited female passengers on ships, on the grounds that their presence led to disturbances.

The opera Batavia, commissioned by Opera Australia, is based on the historical events surrounding the ship.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roeper, Vibeke (13 January 2014). "Jans, Lucretia (ca. 1602-na 1641)". Digitaal Vrouwenlexicon van Nederland (DVN) (in Dutch). Huygens ING. Archived from the original on 16 April 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  2. ^ Pelsaert, Francisco (1629). van Huystee, Marit (ed.). The Batavia Journal of François Pelsaert (PDF) (Report). Report—Department of Maritime Archaeology, Western Australian Maritime Museum. Translated by van Huystee, Marit. Algemeen Rijksarchief (ARA), The Hague, Netherlands, Document 1630: 1098 QQII, fol.232–316. Fremantle, Western Australia (published 1994). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  3. ^ Batavia (1629): giving voice to the voiceless – Symposium (PDF) (booklet). Nedlands: University of Western Australia. 7 October 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  4. ^ Pelsaert, Francisco (1649). Ongeluckige Voyagie, van't schip Batavia na Oost-Indien: Uyt-gevaren onder de E. Franç̧ois Pelsaert. Gebleben op de Abriolhos van Frederick Houtman, op de hooghte van 28 en een half graden by Zuyden de Linie Equinoctiael. Vervattende 't verongelucken des Schips, en de grouwelijcke Moorderyen onder 't Scheeps-volck, op 't Eylandt Bataviaes Kerck-hoff; nevens de straffe der handtdadigers in de Jaren 1628 en 1629. Hier achter is noch by-gevoeght eenige discouessen der Oost-Indische Zee-vaert als mede de gantsche gelegentheyt der Koopmanschappen die men in Indien doet (in Dutch). Lucas de Vries, Boeck-verkooper in de Snipper-vlucht. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020 – via National Library of Australia.