Ludgate Circus

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Ludgate Circus
Ludgate Circus pictured in 2006, looking north-west
Location
London, United Kingdom
Coordinates: Coordinates: 51°30′51.00″N 0°06′15.97″W / 51.5141667°N 0.1044361°W / 51.5141667; -0.1044361
Roads at
junction:
Ludgate Hill, Fleet Street, Farringdon Street and New Bridge Street
Construction
Type: Intersection
Opened: Between 1864 and 1875

Ludgate Circus is a road junction in the City of London where Farringdon Street and New Bridge Street (together forming part of the A201 road) cross Fleet Street and Ludgate Hill (which rises up to St Paul's Cathedral).

Historically the main connection between the City of London and the City of Westminster, Ludgate Circus is situated on the course of the River Fleet, London's largest subterranean river. The circle of Ludgate Circus was constructed between 1864 and 1875 using Haytor granite from Dartmoor in Devon transported via the unique Haytor Granite Tramway.

In Charles Dickens' Dictionary of London (1879) the area was described as "Farringdon-circus".[1]

Etymology[edit]

The name Ludgate, according to Stow in his 1598 Survey of London, was derived from the belief that the gate had been created by the pre-Roman British King of London King Lud as did many of his contemporaries believed so that when a new gate was erected a statue on it depicted him along with one of Queen Elizabeth I.[2]

Stations[edit]

Had the Fleet line of the London Underground been built, it would have had a station at Ludgate Circus. However, the Fleet line's proposed route evolved into what is now the Jubilee line, which went south of the River Thames before reaching Ludgate Circus. In 1990 however, St. Paul's Thameslink (later renamed City Thameslink) was opened on the site of the proposed Ludgate Circus station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Victorian London - Districts- Streets - Ludgate Hill". The Dictionary of Victorian London. Retrieved 4 Aug 2013. 
  2. ^ 'The Farringdon Wards of the City of London a ... history' pp7 - 15, by Tony Sharp, London 2002