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Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Cranichideae
Subtribe: Goodyerinae
Genus: Ludisia
L. discolor
Binomial name
Ludisia discolor
  • Anoectochilus dawsonianus H.Low ex Rchb.f.
  • Anoectochilus ordeanus Jennings
  • Dicrophyla elegans Raf., [nom. illeg.]
  • Gonogona discolor (Ker Gawl.) Link
  • Goodyera discolor Ker Gawl.
  • Goodyera ordeana (Jennings) Boxall ex Náves
  • Goodyera ordiana B.S.Williams
  • Goodyera rodigasciana L.Linden
  • Goodyera rubrovenia B.S.Williams
  • Haemaria dawsoniana (H.Low ex Rchb.f.) Hasselb.
  • Haemaria dawsoniana (H.Low ex Rchb. f.) Hook. f.
  • Haemaria discolor (Ker Gawl.) Lindl.
  • Haemaria otletae Rolfe
  • Haemaria pauciflora Gagnep.
  • Haemaria rubrovenia (B.S.Williams) Rchb.f. ex Stein
  • Kuhlhasseltia carrii Holttum
  • Ludisia dawsoniana (H.Low ex Rchb.f.) Aver.
  • Ludisia discolor (Ker Gawl.) Blume
  • Ludisia furetii Blume
  • Ludisia odorata Blume
  • Ludisia otletae (Rolfe) Aver.
  • Myoda rufescens Lindl.
  • Neottia discolor (Ker Gawl.) Steud.
  • Orchiodes discolor (Ker Gawl.) Kuntze

Ludisia is a genus of orchids that contains just one species, Ludisia discolor, commonly referred to as jewel orchid. They are native to southern China, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia and Burma,[2] and often cultivated. They are terrestrial orchids that in their natural setting would be found growing on the forest floor. They are known for their foliage, which is often velvety deep maroon with red veins that run parallel to the centre of the leaf.

Flowers are white with twisting yellow columns. Individual flowers are small but grow in clusters on upright stalks. Flowers in cultivation last a month or more.[3]

They need high humidity and warm temperatures with low to medium light, and they tolerate extremely low light levels.


Ludisia discolor includes two notable cultivars:[citation needed]


  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Flora of China v 25 p 55, 血叶兰 xue ye lan, Ludisia discolor (Ker Gawler) Blume, Coll. Orchid. 113. 1859.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Ludisia at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Ludisia at Wikispecies