Ludlow, Colorado

Coordinates: 37°20′00″N 104°34′59″W / 37.33333°N 104.58306°W / 37.33333; -104.58306
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Ludlow in 2013
Ludlow in 2013
Ludlow is located in Colorado
Location within the state of Colorado
Coordinates: 37°20′00″N 104°34′59″W / 37.33333°N 104.58306°W / 37.33333; -104.58306
CountryUnited States
CountyLas Animas
6,283 ft (1,915 m)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
GNIS feature ID194575[2]

Ludlow is a ghost town in Las Animas County, Colorado, United States. It was the site of the Ludlow Massacre–part of the Colorado Coalfield War–in 1914. The town site is located at the entrance to a canyon in the foothills of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. It is located along the western side of Interstate 25 approximately 12 miles (19 km) north of the town of Trinidad. Nearby points of interest include the Ludlow Monument, a monument to the coal miners and their families who were killed in the 1914 massacre, the Hastings coke ovens, and the Victor American Hastings Mine Disaster Monument.

Robert Adams made a series of photographs in Ludlow in 1981.[3] In June 2009, the Ludlow Tent Colony Site was dedicated as a National Historic Landmark by Department of the Interior in a ceremony attended by Governor Bill Ritter following approval in January of that year.[4]


A road and standard-gauge railroad was built through Ludlow in 1888 by the Denver, Texas, and Fort Worth Railroad, which would later become the Colorado & Southern.[5]

Ludlow Massacre[edit]

On 20 April 1914, after months of sporadic violence and the withdrawal of a larger contingent of troops a few days before, Colorado National Guardsmen and local militia fired on strikers participating in the United Mine Workers of America strike against the Rockefeller-owned Colorado Fuel and Iron company. Roughly 20 occupants of the colony, including at least 12 women and children, were killed––mostly by smoke inhalation in the ensuing conflagration. Also among the dead was Greek labor-organizer Louis Tikas.[6] A single Guardsman is known to have been killed by gunfire from the strikers.[7] The violence at Ludlow sparked the most intense period of violence of the Colorado Coalfield War, which lasted until President Woodrow Wilson ordered troops into Colorado to end the fighting on 29 April.


  1. ^ "Cuchara, CO ZIP Code - United States". Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  2. ^ "Ludlow, Colorado". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. October 13, 1978. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  3. ^ Adams, Robert (1981). "Ludlow". Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  4. ^ McPhee, Mike (June 27, 2009). "Mining strike site in Ludlow gets feds' nod". The Denver Post. Retrieved March 3, 2020.
  5. ^ Smiley, Jerome C. (1901). History of Denver, With Outlines of the Earlier History of the Rocky Mountain Country. Denver: The Denver Times, The Times-Sun Publishing Company. p. 612 – via Denver Public Library Special Collections, Denver Public Library.
  6. ^ "Water Tank Hill". The Colorado Coalfield War Archaeological Project. University of Denver. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  7. ^ Andrews, Thomas G. Killing for Coal: America's Deadliest Labor War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-04691-9.

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