Ludlow (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 52°29′17″N 2°44′46″W / 52.488°N 2.746°W / 52.488; -2.746

Ludlow
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Ludlow in Shropshire.
Outline map
Location of Shropshire within England.
County Shropshire
Electorate 66,199 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Ludlow, Bridgnorth, Broseley, Clun, Bishop's Castle, Cleobury Mortimer, Much Wenlock, Craven Arms and Church Stretton
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament Philip Dunne (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Ludlow, Bridgnorth and South Shropshire
1473–1885
Number of members 1473–1868: Two
1868–1885: One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Ludlow
Created from Shropshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Ludlow is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Philip Dunne, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

From its 1473 creation until 1885, Ludlow was a parliamentary borough.[n 3] It was represented by two burgesses until 1868, when it was reduced to one member.

The parliamentary borough was abolished in 1885, and the name transferred to the new county "division" (with lower electoral candidates' expenses and a different returning officer) whose boundaries were expanded greatly to become similar to (and a replacement to) the Southern division of Shropshire.[n 4]

The seat was long considered safe for the Conservatives with the party winning by large majorities from the 1920s until 1997 when the majority was reduced to under 6,000. When the sitting Conservative MP stood down in 2001 it was won by a Liberal Democrat. Ludlow was regained by a Conservative in the 2005 general election, held with a greatly increased majority five years later which was almost doubled in 2015.

Boundaries and profile[edit]

1885-1918: Parts of the Municipal Boroughs of Bridgnorth, Ludlow, and Wenlock, the Sessional Divisions of Bishop's Castle, Brinstree South and Stottesden Chelmarsh, Burford, Clun and Purslow, Munslow Lower and Upper, Stottesden Cleobury, and parts of the Sessional Divisions of Ovens and Stottesden.

1918-1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Bishop's Castle, Bridgnorth, and Ludlow, the Urban District of Church Stretton, and the Rural Districts of Bridgnorth, Burford, Church Stretton, Cleobury Mortimer, Clun, Ludlow, and Teme.

1950-1974: The Municipal Boroughs of Bishop's Castle, Bridgnorth, Ludlow, and Wenlock, the Urban District of Church Stretton, and the Rural Districts of Bridgnorth, Clun, and Ludlow.

1974-1983: The Rural Districts of Bridgnorth, Clun and Bishop's Castle, and Ludlow.

1983-1997: The District of South Shropshire, and the District of Bridgnorth.

1997-2010: The District of South Shropshire, and the District of Bridgnorth wards of Alveley, Bridgnorth Castle, Bridgnorth East, Bridgnorth Morfe, Bridgnorth West, Broseley, Claverley, Ditton Priors, Glazeley, Harrington, Highley, Kinlet, Much Wenlock, Morville, Stottesdon, and Worfield.

2010-present: The District of South Shropshire, and the District of Bridgnorth wards of Alveley, Bridgnorth Castle, Bridgnorth East, Bridgnorth Morfe, Bridgnorth West, Broseley East, Broseley West, Claverley, Ditton Priors, Glazeley, Harrington, Highley, Much Wenlock, Morville, Stottesdon, and Worfield.

nb. in April 2009 the districts of South Shropshire and Bridgnorth (together with their wards) were abolished; the constituency's extent however is still constituted by reference to them, and will be until the next completed review of constituencies in England.

The Ludlow constituency is situated entirely within the county of Shropshire in England.

It covers a large, rural area dotted with market towns, the largest of which are Ludlow and Bridgnorth (which was a borough constituency until 1885), each having a population of just over 10,000. The other towns — all with a population of under 5,000 — are Broseley, Clun, Bishop's Castle (a 'rotten borough' constituency until 1832), Cleobury Mortimer, Much Wenlock (former seat of the borough constituency of Wenlock until 1885 and notable for its part in the history of the modern Olympic Games movement), Craven Arms and Church Stretton.

On its northeast border (just beyond Broseley) is the Ironbridge Gorge (notable for its part in the Industrial Revolution), just to the south of the large new town of Telford. The Guardian encapsulates the seat in a nutshell as "Big, rural, hills and small towns, increasingly middle class."[2] Other than the Telford borough constituency, Ludlow borders onto similarly rural county constituencies, including Montgomery on the other side of the border with Wales.

The constituency covers most of the south area of Shropshire Council (without Shifnal and Albrighton).[n 5]

The most recent boundary changes took place at the 1997 general election, when a part of the Bridgnorth district was removed to The Wrekin constituency.

Proposed changes: Under constituency boundary proposals announced in September 2016, ahead of the next general election, the Bridgnorth, Much Wenlock and Broseley areas of the seat will merge into a new constituency called Telford, Wellington and The Wrekin, and the ward of Chirbury and Worthen into the Shrewsbury constituency, while the remainder will amalgamate with the North Herefordshire constituency to form a new seat called Ludlow & Leominster.[3][4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1473–1660[edit]

  • Constituency created (1473)
Parliament First member Second member
1510-1515 No names known[5]
1523  ?William Foxe  ?John Cother[5]
1529 William Foxe John Cother[5]
1536 William Foxe  ?John Cother[5]
1539 Charles Foxe Thomas Wheeler[5]
1542 Charles Foxe Edmund Foxe[5]
1545 John Bradshaw Thomas Wheeler[5]
1547 Robert Blount Charles Foxe[5]
1553 (Mar) Thomas Wheeler Charles Foxe[5]
1553 (Oct) Thomas Wheeler John Passey[5]
1554 (Apr) Sir John Price Thomas Blashefield[5]
1554 (Nov) James Warnecombe John Allsop[5]
1555 William Heath Thomas Croft[5]
1558 Richard Prince Robert Mason[5]
1559 William Poughmill Robert Mason I[6]
1562/3 Richard Langford William Poughmill[6]
1571 William Poughmill Robert Mason I[6]
1572 William Poughmill Robert Mason II, died
and replaced Jan 1581 by
Philip Sidney
who sat for Shrewsbury
and was replaced by
Robert Berry[6]
1584 Robert Berry Richard Farr[6]
1586 Robert Berry Thomas Canland[6]
1588 Robert Berry Thomas Canland[6]
1593 Robert Berry Thomas Canland[6]
1597 Hugh Sanford, election declared void
and was repl. 1597 by
Robert Berry
Thomas Canland[6]
1601 Thomas Canland Robert Berry[6]
1604 Robert Berry Richard Benson
1614 Sir Henry Townshend Robert Berry
1621 Henry Spencer, Lord Compton Richard Tomlins
1624 Richard Tomlins Ralph Goodwin
1625 Richard Tomlins Ralph Goodwin
1626 Richard Tomlins Ralph Goodwin
1628 Richard Tomlins Ralph Goodwin
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Charles Baldwin Ralph Goodwin
1640 (Nov) Charles Baldwin Ralph Goodwin
1645 Thomas Mackworth Thomas Moor
1648 Thomas Mackworth Thomas Moor
1653 Ludlow not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 John Aston (one seat only)
1656 John Aston (one seat only)
1659 Job Charlton Samuel Baldwyn

MPs 1660–1868[edit]

Year First member[7] First party Second member[7] Second party
1660 Timothy Littleton Job Charlton
1670 Somerset Fox
Febr. 1679 Francis Charlton
Sept. 1679 Thomas Walcot
1681 Charles Baldwyn
Apr. 1685 Sir Edward Herbert William Charlton
Jn. 1685 Sir Josiah Child
Nov. 1685 Sir Edward Lutwyche
1689 Francis Herbert Charles Baldwyn
1690 Thomas Hanmer William Gower
1691 Silius Titus Francis Lloyd
1695 Thomas Newport Charles Baldwyn
1698 Francis Herbert William Gower
1699 Thomas Newport
Jan. 1701 Sir Thomas Powys William Gower
Dec. 1701 Francis Herbert
1705 Acton Baldwyn
1713 Humphrey Walcot
1715 Francis Herbert
1719 Sir Robert Raymond
1722 Abel Ketelby Acton Baldwyn
Febr. 1727 Richard Herbert
Sept. 1727 Henry Arthur Herbert
1741 Sir William Corbet
1743 Richard Herbert
1748 Henry Bridgeman
1754 Edward Herbert
1768 William Fellowes
1770 Thomas Herbert
1774 Viscount Villiers The Lord Clive
1780 Frederick Cornewall
1783 Somerset Davies
1784 Richard Payne Knight
1794 Robert Clive
1806 Viscount Clive Tory
1807 Henry Clive
1818 Robert Clive
1832 Edward Romilly Whig
1834 Conservative
1835 Edmund Lechmere Charlton Conservative
1837 Henry Salwey Whig
1839 Thomas Alcock Whig
1840 Beriah Botfield Conservative
1841 James Ackers Conservative
1847 Henry Bayley Clive Conservative Henry Salwey Liberal
1852 Hon. Robert Windsor-Clive Conservative Lord William Powlett Conservative
1854 Percy Egerton Herbert Conservative
1857 Beriah Botfield Conservative
1860 George Windsor-Clive Conservative
1863 Sir William Fraser Conservative
1865 John Edmund Severne Conservative

MPs 1868–1885[edit]

  • Constituency reduced to one Member (1868)
  • 1868-1885 George Windsor-Clive,
  • Constituency reorganized (1885)

MPs since 1885[edit]

Year Member[7] Whip
1885 Robert Jasper More Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1903 Rowland Hunt Liberal Unionist
1917 National Party
1918 Unionist
1918 Sir Beville Stanier Unionist
1922 Viscount Windsor Unionist
1923 George Windsor-Clive Unionist
1945 Uvedale Corbett Conservative
1951 Christopher Holland-Martin Conservative
1960 Jasper More Conservative
1979 Eric Cockeram Conservative
1987 Christopher Gill Conservative
2001 Matthew Green Liberal Democrat
2005 Philip Dunne Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Ludlow[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Dunne 26,093 54.3 +1.5
UKIP David Kelly[9] 7,164 14.9 +10.5
Liberal Democrat Charlotte Barnes[10] 6,469 13.5 -19.3
Labour Simon Slater[11] 5,902 12.3 +5.6
Green Janet Phillips[12] 2,435 5.1 +4.1
Majority 18,929 39.4
Turnout 48,063 72.4
Conservative hold Swing -4.5
General Election 2010: Ludlow[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Dunne 25,720 52.8 +7.7
Liberal Democrat Heather Kidd 15,971 32.8 -7.9
Labour Tony Hunt 3,272 6.7 -4.0
UKIP Christopher Gill 2,127 4.4 +2.7
BNP Christina Evans 1,016 2.1 +2.1
Green Jacqui Morrish 447 0.9 -0.9
Monster Raving Loony Alan Powell 179 0.4 +0.4
Majority 9,749 20.0
Turnout 48,732 73.1 +1.1
Conservative hold Swing +7.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Ludlow[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Dunne 20,979 45.1 +5.7
Liberal Democrat Matthew Green 18,952 40.7 −2.5
Labour Nigel Knowles 4,974 10.7 −2.7
Green Jim Gaffney 852 1.8 −0.2
UKIP Michael Zuckerman 783 1.7 −0.3
Majority 2,027 4.4
Turnout 46,540 72.1 +4.2
Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat Swing 4.1
General Election 2001: Ludlow[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Matthew Green 18,620 43.2 +13.5
Conservative Martin Taylor-Smith 16,990 39.4 −3.0
Labour Nigel Knowles 5,785 13.4 −12.0
Green Jim Gaffney 871 2.0 +0.3
UKIP Phil Gutteridge 858 2.0 +1.2
Majority 1,630 3.8
Turnout 43,124 67.9 −7.6
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Ludlow[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Gill 19,633 42.4
Liberal Democrat Ian Huffer 13,724 29.7
Labour Nuala O'Kane 11,745 25.4
Green Tim Andrewes 798 1.7
UKIP Eric Freeman-Keel 385 0.8
Majority 5,909 12.8
Turnout 46,285 75.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Ludlow[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Gill 28,719 51.5 -2.4
Liberal Democrat David Phillips 14,567 26.1 -4.8
Labour Mrs Beryl O. Mason 11,709 21.0 +5.9
Green Nick H. Appleton-Fox 758 1.4 +1.4
Majority 14,152 25.4 +2.5
Turnout 55,753 80.9 +3.8
Conservative hold Swing +1.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Ludlow[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Gill 27,499 53.90
Liberal D Phillips 15,800 30.97
Labour K Harrison 7,724 15.14
Majority 11,699 22.93
Turnout 77.09
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Ludlow[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Cockeram 26,278 55.67
Social Democratic D Lane 14,975 31.73
Labour PM Davis 5,949 12.60
Majority 11,303 23.95
Turnout 74.62
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eric Cockeram 20,906 52.78
Liberal E Robinson 12,524 31.62
Labour IK Wymer 5,717 14.43
National Front RJ Adshead 354 0.89
Independent F Turner 106 0.27
Majority 8,382 21.16
Turnout 78.57
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jasper More 17,124 47.09
Liberal E Robinson 10,888 29.94
Labour John Marek 8,353 22.97
Majority 6,236 17.15
Turnout 74.79
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jasper More 18,674 48.64
Liberal E Robinson 10,687 27.83
Labour TG Martin 9,035 23.53
Majority 7,987 20.80
Turnout 79.55
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jasper More 22,104 54.78
Labour David Nagington 12,800 31.72
Liberal Christopher R Oddie 5,444 13.49
Majority 9,304 23.06
Turnout 73.27
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jasper More 19,603 54.87
Labour John William Gilbert 16,123 45.13
Majority 3,480 9.74
Turnout 73.86
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Ludlow [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jasper More 17,290 47.0
Labour Michael K Prendergast 10,763 29.2
Liberal John Charles Griffiths 8,768 23.8
Majority 6,527 17.7
Turnout 36,821 77.55
Conservative hold Swing
Ludlow by-election, 1960 [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jasper More 13,777 46.4
Liberal Denis G Rees 8,127 27.3
Labour John Garwell 7,812 26.3
Majority 5,650 19.0
Turnout 29,716 63.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Ludlow [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher John Holland-Martin 21,464 60.3
Labour John Garwell 14,138 39.7
Majority 7,326 20.6
Turnout 35,602 76.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher John Holland-Martin 20,816 61.67
Labour Reginald J Barker 12,937 38.33
Majority 7,879 23.34
Turnout 71.75
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher John Holland-Martin 22,073 60.20
Labour Reginald J Barker 14,596 39.80
Majority 7,477 20.39
Turnout 77.74
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Uvedale Corbett 22,340 60.52
Labour J Williams 14,573 39.48
Majority 7,767 21.04
Turnout 79.92
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Ludlow [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Uvedale Corbett 13,928 54.4
Labour Aneurin Glanmor Parry-Jones 6,358 24.8
Liberal C Grant Cameron 4,307 16.8
Independent Charles E Edwards 989 3.9
Majority 7,570 29.6
Turnout 71.1
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Ludlow [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Windsor-Clive 16,355 72.7
Labour T Hardwick 6,146 27.3
Majority 10,204 45.4
Turnout 22,501 67.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Ludlow [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Windsor-Clive 19,700 80.8
Labour T Hardwick 4,683 19.2
Majority 15,017 61.6
Turnout 74.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Ludlow [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Windsor-Clive 14,066 57.1 n/a
Labour T. Hardwick 5,323 21.6 n/a
Liberal Arthur Alan Hanbury-Sparrow 5,259 21.3 n/a
Majority 8,743 35.5 n/a
Turnout 76.5 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1924: Ludlow [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Windsor-Clive unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
1923 General Election: Ludlow [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Windsor-Clive unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
Ludlow by-election, 1923 [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Windsor-Clive 9,956 55.0 -11.4
Liberal Edward Calcott Pryce 6,740 37.2 +3.5
Labour Percy Frederick Pollard 1,420 7.8 n/a
Majority 17.8 -14.8
Turnout 73.0 +1.4
Unionist hold Swing -7.5
1922 General Election: Ludlow [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ivor Miles Windsor-Clive 11,785 66.4
National Liberal Edward Calcott Pryce 5,979 33.7
Majority 5,808 32.6
Turnout 71.6
Unionist hold Swing
Ludlow by-election, 1922 [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ivor Miles Windsor-Clive unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Ludlow [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Capt. Sir Beville Stanier unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

‡ endorsed by the Coalition Government

Election results 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Ludlow [24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Jasper More 4,642 n/a
Conservative Sir Bryan Baldwin Mawddwy Leighton 4,078 n/a
Majority 564 n/a
Turnout n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Ludlow [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Robert Jasper More unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

More
General Election 1892: Ludlow [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Robert Jasper More 5,965 n/a
Liberal F Sydney Morris 2,146 n/a
Majority 3,819 n/a
Turnout n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1895: Ludlow [24][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Robert Jasper More unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Ludlow [24][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Robert Jasper More unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a
Ludlow by-election, 1903 [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Rowland Hunt 4,393 n/a
Liberal Frederic Horne 3,423 n/a
Majority 970 n/a
Turnout n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1906: Ludlow [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Rowland Hunt 4,978
Liberal Frederic Horne 4,218
Majority 760
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Ludlow [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Rowland Hunt 5,769
Liberal George Frederic Forsdike 3,365
Majority
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Ludlow [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Rowland Hunt unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer).
  2. ^ As with all UK Parliament constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ From 1473 to 1707 of the House of Commons of England, then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801.
  4. ^ A separate seat from 1832 to 1885.
  5. ^ Prior to the 2009 re-organisation of local government in Shropshire, it comprised the former South Shropshire district together with the southern part of the former Bridgnorth district.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "It's All Change For MPs, Political map to be redrawn". Shropshire Star. 13 September 2016. p. 1. Report by Mark Andrews.
  4. ^ "A radical shake-up of the constituency". Shropshire Star. 13 April 2016. p. 10. Report by Mark Andrews.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  7. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  8. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  9. ^ Ludlow Advertiser
  10. ^ Liberal Democrats
  11. ^ West Midlands Labour
  12. ^ West Midlands Greens
  13. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  14. ^ Shropshire Council
  15. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  23. ^ a b c d e f Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "ReferenceB" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  25. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  26. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  27. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  28. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  29. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916

Sources[edit]