Ludmila of Bohemia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Saint

Ludmila
StLudmilaWindowCedarRapidsSep2001.jpg
Saint Ludmila
Martyr
Bornc. 860
Mělník
Died(921-09-15)15 September 921
Tetín castle (cs), Tetín, Bohemia
Venerated inEastern Orthodox Church, Roman Catholic Church
Canonizedshortly after her death
Major shrineChapel of St. Ludmila
Feast16 September
Attributesveil
PatronageBohemia

Ludmila of Bohemia (c. 860 – 15 September 921) is a Czech saint and martyr venerated by the Orthodox and the Roman Catholics. She was born in Mělník as the daughter of the Sorbian prince Slavibor.[1] Saint Ludmila was the grandmother of Saint Wenceslaus,[2] who is widely referred to as Good King Wenceslaus. Saint Ludmila was canonized shortly after her death. As part of the process of canonization, in 925, Wenceslaus moved her remains to St. George's Basilica, Prague.

Marriage[edit]

Ludmila was married to Bořivoj I of Bohemia, the first Christian Duke of Bohemia,[2] in 873. The couple converted to Christianity through the efforts of Methodius.[2][3] Their efforts to convert Bohemia to Christianity were initially not well received,[2] and pagans drove them from their country for a time. Eventually the couple returned and ruled for several years before retiring to Tetín, near Beroun.

Bořivoj was succeeded by their son Spytihněv.[4] Spytihněv was succeeded by his brother Vratislav. When Vratislav died in 921, his son Wenceslas became the next ruler of Bohemia.[3] It had been primarily Ludmila who raised her grandson, and she acted as regent for him.

Ludmila and Drahomíra[edit]

Murder of Saint Ludmila

Wenceslaus' mother Drahomíra became jealous of Ludmila's influence over Wenceslaus. She had two noblemen, Tunna and Gommon (probably of Frankish or Varangian descent) murder Ludmila in Tetín, and part of Ludmila's narrative states that she was strangled[2] with her veil. Initially, Ludmila was buried at St. Michael's at Tetín.[5]

Ludmila was canonized shortly after her death. As part of the process of canonization, in 925 Wenceslaus moved her remains to St. George's Basilica, Prague.[3] She is venerated as a patroness of Bohemia. She is considered to be a patron saint of Bohemia, converts, Czechia, duchesses, those with problems with in-laws, and widows. Her feast day is celebrated on September 16th.[6]

Antonín Dvořák composed his oratorio Svatá Ludmila (Saint Ludmila) between September 1885 and May 1886. The work was commissioned by the publisher Littleton for the Leeds Festival.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Překlad Josef Vajs, 1929
  2. ^ a b c d e The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica (September 11, 2018). "Saint Ludmila Slavic saint". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc. {{cite web}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  3. ^ a b c Ott, Michael. "St. Ludmilla." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 24 Feb. 2013
  4. ^ "Saint Ludmila - 1100 years since the death of the first Czech saint", Prague.eu
  5. ^ Kantor, M. The Origins of Christianity in Bohemia. 1990.
  6. ^ Roman Martyrology, https://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/pontifical_academies/cult-martyrum/martiri/009.html#settembre
  7. ^ Halstead, Susan. "St. Ludmila, patroness of Bohemia". British Library, 16 September 2013.

Sources[edit]

  • Pekar, J., Die Wenzels- und Ludmilla-Legenden und die Echtheit Christians (Prag, 1906).
  • Christianus Monachus, "Vita et Passio sancti Venceslai et sanctae Ludmilae avae eius," in Magnae Moraviae Fontes Historici (Brno, 1967), 186–199.
  • Ingham, N. W., "The Lost Church Slavonic Life of Saint Ludmila," in Studia Slavica Mediaevalia et Himanistica. Riccardo Piccio dicata. T. 1-2 (Roma, 1986), 349–360.
Royal titles
Preceded by
-
Duchess consort of Bohemia
c. 874–888/891
Succeeded by