Ludomir Różycki (Polish: [luˈdɔmir ruˈʐɨt͡skʲi]; 18 September 1883 Warsaw – 1 January 1953 Katowice) was a Polish composer and conductor. He was, with Mieczysław Karłowicz, Karol Szymanowski and Grzegorz Fitelberg, a member of the group of composers known as Young Poland, the intention of which was to invigorate the musical culture of their generation in their mother country.
He was a son of a professor at the Warsaw Conservatory, where he studied piano and composition. He completed his studies with distinction, and then continued his studies in Berlin at the Academy of Music under Engelbert Humperdinck. He began his musical career as a conductor of opera and professor of piano in Lwów in 1907. It was while in Lwów that he began to compose. Subsequently, he moved to Warsaw but had to flee during the Warsaw Uprising. After the war, he lived and taught in Katowice.
Różycki's ballet Pan Twardowski (1920) was the first Polish large-scale ballet to be performed abroad, being seen in Copenhagen, Prague, Brno, Zagreb, Belgrade and Vienna, and being performed over 800 times in Warsaw. His eight operas included Casanova and Eros i Psyche (Eros and Psyche, to the libretto of Jerzy Żuławski), the latter having its world premiere in Wrocław in 1917.
A significant number of his solo piano pieces have been recorded on CD by Valentina Seferinova, and issued on the Polish Acte Préalable label (catalogue reference AP 0263) as world premiere recordings.
In 1944 Różycki began writing a violin concerto but had to leave the manuscript buried in his garden when he fled Warsaw. Discovered years later by construction workers, the score ended up in the archives of the National Library of Poland. Violinist Janusz Wawrowski later restored the work, performed the premiere in 2018, and released a recording in 2021.
- Kański, Józef (1978). Przewodnik Operowy (Opera Guide). Kraków: PWM. pp. 408–416.
- "Janusz Wawrowski - Phoenix - Warner Classics". Presto Classical. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
- "Różycki, Ludomir (1883-1953) - Composer". www.hyperion-records.co.uk. Hyperion Records UK. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- Roberts, Maddy Shaw (15 March 2021). "This Polish wartime composer's music lay buried in a suitcase in his garden. Now, it lives again". Classic fm. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
- Sean Rafferty (2021-03-16). "Janusz Wawrowski, Stephanie Gonley, Howard Shelley". In Tune. BBC. BBC Radio 3.
- Ludomir Różycki at culture.pl
- Free scores by Ludomir Różycki at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)