Ludovico Gimignani (1643–June 26, 1697) was an Italian painter, active mainly in Rome, during the Baroque period.
Ludovico's father, Giacinto (1611–1681) had been one of the main pupils emerging from the loose "studio" of painters working for Pietro da Cortona and who also received patronage from his fellow Pistoia native, the cardinal Rospigliosi. Ludovico's mother was the daughter of the painter Alessandro Turchi. Ludovico who was born in Rome appears to have received encouragement from Gianlorenzo Bernini.
He was active in painting altarpieces for churches in Rome, including a Baptism of Constantine and a History of San Silvestro for the church of San Silvestro in Capite. He also painted a Guardian Angel for the church of San Crisogono, a portrait of a Boy and a Greyhound in the Palazzo Rospigliosi-Pallavicini in the Quirinal Hill, and an altarpiece for the baptistery in Sant'Andrea delle Fratte. Among his masterpieces is the altarpiece depicting the Miracle of Santa María Magdalena de Pazzi. His father had painted the companion piece for the Temptation; both paintings are found in the second chapel (Chapel of St Maria Maddalena de’ Pazzi who had been canonized in 1669) on the left of the Carmelite church of Santa María in Montesanto. Ludovico also painted the vault frescoes (1685). He died in Zagarolo . Paintings depicting Hercules and Omphale, attributed to Ludovico, are displayed in the Mykolas Zilinskas Art Museum.
In 1672, he joined the Accademia di San Luca in Rome. He was named curator of the Gallery of the Palazzo Quirinale by pope Alexander VII.