He became known in 1937 as one of the "Breslau-Elf" (Breslau Eleven) players, after they thrashed Denmark with an 8:0 score.
He was the center half of Bayern Munich’s first great side, the 1932 German champions. A year later, Goldbrunner debuted for German National team against Switzerland. In the following years Goldbrunner took turns with Reinhold Münzenberg at the center half position, but by 1936 with Münzenberg having moved to the left back position, Goldbrunner settled at the center half position permanently. During his international career, Goldbrunner played against the best center forwards in European football, namely England’s George Camsell, Portugal’s Fernando Peyroteo, Belgium’s Raymond Braine, France’s Paul Nicholas, Italy’s Silvio Piola and Spain’s Isidro Langara. Remarkably, only George Camsell managed to score against Goldbrunner.
When the best Bayern Munich team of all time was drawn up he was in the shortlist and many would have him on the bench, a great achievement as this would mean he's in the top 20 best players Bayern Munich history. He's included in the top 30 German footballers of all time.