Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus

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Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus

Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus (July 16, 1776 – April 2, 1827) was a German physician and naturalist who spent most of his active career teaching at Vilnius University in Tsarist Russia.[1]

Bojanus was born at Bouxwiller in Alsace,[2] finished his secondary education in Darmstadt and studied medicine at the University of Jena (, 1797). In 1804 he was appointed professor of veterinary medicine at the University of Vilnius, a post which he could assume only in 1806,[3] adding comparative anatomy to his offerings in 1814.[4] In 1822 he was appointed rector of the university. Two years later, he returned to Darmstadt, where he died on 2 April 1827.[3]

He produced an important work on the anatomy of turtles, Anatome Testudinis Europaeae.[5] He was the author of several scientific discoveries, including a glandular organ in bivalvular molluscs that is now known as the organ of Bojanus.[6] Also, he provided anatomical distinctions for the aurochs (Bos primigenius) and the Steppe wisent (Bison priscus), being the binomal author of both species.[7]

In 1814 he was elected corresponding member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences in St.Petersburg;[8] in 1818 he became a member of the Imperial Leopold-Caroline Academy of Natural Sciences then in Bonn,[9] and in 1821 was a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.


  1. ^ Carus, Victor. "Bojanus, Ludwig Heinrich". In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, vol.3 (1876), p.84f. [1]
  2. ^ Edel, Philippe. "L. H. Bojanus, un grand scientifique entre Ouest et Est". In: Cahiers lituaniens (Nr.3, 2002). [2]
  3. ^ a b ADB:Bojanus, Ludwig Heinrich @ Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
  4. ^ Hessisches Landesamt für geschichtliche Landeskunde Biographical sketch
  5. ^ BibliOdyssey Stripping Turtles, Anatome Testudinis Europaeae
  6. ^ Merriam Webster Dictionary Organ of Bojanus
  7. ^ Early Modern Humans at the Moravian Gate: The Mladec Caves and Their Remains edited by Maria Teschler-Nicola
  8. ^
  9. ^