Ludwig Karl Schmarda

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Ludwig Karl Schmarda (1882)

Ludwig Karl Schmarda (23 August 1819 – 7 April 1908) was an Austrian naturalist and traveler, born at Olmütz, Moravia.[1]


He studied in Vienna and in 1850 became professor at the University of Graz, where he founded the Zoological Museum, and in 1852 at Prague. In 1853–1857 he traveled around the world and in 1862 was appointed professor at the University of Vienna. For the government he investigated the industry of fisheries on the Austrian (1863–1865) and French (1868) coasts and, after having retired from service in 1883, visited Spain and the African coast in 1884, 1886, and 1887.

Published works[edit]

  • Andeutungen aus dem Seelenleben der Thiere (1846) – Hints on the mental life of animals.
  • Zur Naturgeschichte der Adria (1852) – On the natural history of the Adriatic Sea.
  • Die geographische Verbreitung der Thiere (1853) – The geographical distribution of animals
  • Zur Naturgeschichte Aegyptens (1854) – Natural history of Egypt.
  • Neue wirbellose Thiere (1859–1861) – New invertebrate animals.
  • Reise um die Erde (1861) – Journey around the world.
  • Zoologie (1871; second edition, 1877–1878), (a textbook for higher institutions).


  1. ^ Riedl-Dorn 2007, p. 121.