Ludwig von Mises Institute
|Motto||Tu ne cede malis, sed contra audentior ito
Latin: Do not give in to evil but proceed ever more boldly against it
|Founder(s)||Lew Rockwell, Murray Rothbard, Burton Blumert|
|Mission||To advance the Misesian tradition of thought through the defense of the market economy, private property, sound money, and peaceful international relations, while opposing government intervention as economically and socially destructive.|
|Focus||Economics, anarcho-capitalism, libertarianism|
|Key people||Lew Rockwell (Chairman)
Jeff Deist (President)
Joseph Salerno (Editor
Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics)
(fiscal year ending 2013);
|Location||Auburn, Alabama, United States|
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The Ludwig von Mises Institute (LvMI), often referred to as the Mises Institute, is a tax-exempt libertarian organization located in Auburn, Alabama, United States. It is named for Austrian School economist Ludwig von Mises (1881–1973). Its website states that it is dedicated to advancing "the Misesian tradition of thought through the defense of the market economy, private property, sound money, and peaceful international relations, while opposing government intervention."
The Mises Institute was founded in 1982 by Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr., Burton Blumert and Murray Rothbard, following a split between the Cato Institute and Rothbard, who had been one of the founders of the Cato Institute. Additional backing for the founding of the Institute came from Mises's wife, Margit, Henry Hazlitt, Lawrence Fertig, and Friedrich Hayek. Through its publications, the Institute promotes anarcho-capitalist political theory and a form of heterodox economics known as praxeology ("the logic of action").
Background and location
- Further information: Split among the contemporary Austrian School
The Ludwig von Mises Institute was established in 1982 in the wake of a dispute which occurred in the early 1980s between Murray Rothbard and the Cato Institute, another libertarian organization co-founded by Rothbard. Llewellyn Rockwell has stated that the Mises Institute met strong opposition from parties affiliated with the Koch family, Rothbard's former backers at Cato. Rothbard was the Mises Institute's vice president and head of academic programs until his death in 1995.
The Institute states that its founding ambition is to be "the research and educational center of classical liberalism, libertarian political theory, and the Austrian School of economics". It has reprinted works by Mises, Rothbard, Hayek, and others. It presents the annual "Austrian Scholars Conference" and "Mises University", at which anarcho-capitalist thinkers meet, and Institute personnel teach and advise students. The Institute reports that its library holds nearly 35,000 volumes, including Rothbard's personal library.
Early after its founding, the Mises Institute was located at the business department offices of Auburn University, and relocated nearby to its current site in 1998. According to a story in the Wall Street Journal, the Institute chose its Auburn location for low cost of living and "good ol' Southern hospitality". The article goes on "to make an additional point", that "Southerners have always been distrustful of government," making the South a natural home for the organization's libertarian outlook. The institute has a staff of 16 Senior Fellows and about 70 adjunct scholars from the United States and other countries.
Views espoused by founders and organization scholars
In a 2006 article published on the Wall Street Journal's website, Kyle Wingfield credited the Institute for helping make the "Heart of Dixie a wellspring of sensible economic thinking." Wingfield pointed to the Institute's publication and promotion of the work of Mises and other Austrian economists, who he characterizes as advocating "limited government, lower taxes, stronger private property rights and less business regulation."
Forms of government
The Institute has published works by authors critical of various forms of government, including democracy, which was called coercive, incompatible with wealth creation, replete with inner contradictions, and a system of legalized graft. To many of these authors, the distinction lies not in the form of government, but in the degree of liberty individuals in a society actually enjoy.
American Civil War and the Confederacy
A 2000 Southern Poverty Law Center "Intelligence Report" categorized the Institute as Neo-Confederate, "devoted to a radical libertarian view of government and economics." In 2003, Lew Rockwell responded to this criticism by saying: "The Mises Institute recently came under fire from one of these watchdog groups that claims to oppose intolerance and hate. What was our offense? We have published revisionist accounts of the origins of the Civil War that demonstrate that the tariff bred more conflict between the South and the feds than slavery. For that, we were decried as a dangerous institutional proponent of 'neoconfederate' ideology. Why not just plain old Confederate ideology."
Mises Institute has published the writing of Mises Academy instructor Stephan Kinsella in opposition to intellectual property. Kinsella believes that intellectual property rights (IPRs) not only violate property rights, but undermine social well-being from a utilitarian perspective.
In an article written on Institute Chairman Lew Rockwell's website, Jacob Huebert observes that socially liberal libertarians have often accused the Mises Institute of racism. He calls the charges erroneous and argues that they might stem from the support of some Institute scholars for immigration restrictions, its support of Confederate secession, or its uncompromising stand on libertarian issues.
In 2003, Chip Berlet of the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) described the Mises Institute as "a major center promoting libertarian political theory and the Austrian School of free market economics", also noting Rothbard's opposition to child labor laws and the anti-immigrant views of other Institute scholars. Heidi Beirich, also with the SPLC, describes the Institute as "a hard-right libertarian foundation".
Publications, conferences, activities and awards
The Mises Institute makes available a large number of books, journal articles, and other writings online, and archives various writings on its website. Its Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics discusses Austrian economics. It published the Journal of Libertarian Studies from 1977 to 2008. The Mises Review has been published since 1995, the quarterly review of literature in the social sciences being currently edited by David Gordon.
The Mises Institute's website describes its "Are You An Austrian?" quiz as testing an individual's economic reasoning. The quiz was criticized by Arnold Kling, who wrote, "the 'Are you an Austrian?' quiz does not distinguish between knowledge of doctrine and belief in doctrine. To me, this is symptomatic of a sect, which focuses on doctrinal purity above all else. For a sect, to know is to believe, and to believe is to know."
The Institute presents the annual Schlarbaum Prize for "lifetime defense of liberty", a $10,000 prize given to a public intellectual or scholar. Laureates have included U.S. Congressman Ron Paul and economists Walter Block and Hans-Hermann Hoppe. Other honors include the Murray Rothbard Medal (also won by Block, Hoppe and Paul, as well as by economic historian Gary North), the Elgin Groseclose Award (a $20 Liberty Head Double Eagle) for money writing, and the Fertig Prize.
Noted scholars include:
- Walter Block – Austrian School economist and anarcho-capitalist
- Thomas DiLorenzo – economics professor at Loyola University Maryland
- Sam Francis (1947–2005) – iconoclastic paleoconservative syndicated columnist
- Paul Gottfried – paleoconservative political philosopher, intellectual historian, and columnist
- Hans-Hermann Hoppe – philosopher, paleolibertarian, business professor, and founder of Property and Freedom Society
- Jesus Huerta de Soto – Professor of Applied Economics at King Juan Carlos University
- Peter Klein – Carl Menger Research Fellow of the Mises Institute and Professor in the Division of Applied Social Sciences at the University of Missouri.
- Robert P. Murphy – economist, Institute for Energy Research
- Andrew Napolitano – former judge and Fox News pundit
- Gary North – co-founder of Christian Reconstructionism and founder of Institute for Christian economics
- Ron Paul – physician, author, and former politician
- Ralph Raico – historian and libertarian specializing in European classical liberalism and Austrian economics
- Murray Rothbard (1926–1995) – heterodox economist, paleolibertarian theorist, polemicist, revisionist historian, and founder of anarcho-capitalism
- Joseph Sobran (1946–2010) – journalist, contributor to American Renaissance and lecturer at the Institute for Historical Review
- Mark Thornton – Austrian School economist
- Joseph Salerno – Academic vice president of the Mises Institute, professor of economics at Pace University, and editor of the Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics.
- Tom Woods – historian, political analyst, and author
- About The Mises Institute. Accessed November 23, 2012
- "Mises Academy: Faculty". Ludwig von Mises Institute.
- "Quickview data" (PDF). GuideStar.
- Sam Tanenhaus and Jim Rutenberg (25 January 2014). "Rand Paul’s Mixed Inheritance". New York Times. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
- Utley, Jon Basil (May 4, 2009). "Freedom fighter". The American Conservative. ISSN 1540-966X. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
In memoriam.(subscription required)
- Peterson, William H. (2009). Mises in America. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute. pp. 18–19. ISBN 978-1933550428.
- According to the Mises.org website, Nobel Prize winner Friedrich Hayek served on their founding board. See: Ludwig von Mises Institute: Literature Library
- Lee, Frederic S., and Cronin, Bruce C. (2010). "Research Quality Rankings of Heterodox Economic Journals in a Contested Discipline." American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 69(5): 1428 (subscription required)
- "What is Austrian Economics"? Mises.org
- Rockwell, Lew. "Libertarianism and the Old Right." Mises.org. August 5, 2006. 
- Stromberg, Joseph (August 2, 2000). "Raimondo on Rothbard and Rothbard on Everything". Retrieved January 10, 2010.
- Gordon, David (2008-04-22). "The Kochtopus vs. Murray N. Rothbard". LewRockwell.com. Retrieved 2011-11-17.
- In the 1980s, Lew Rockwell and Murray Rothbard developed a paleolibertarian strategy, a culturally conservative conception of libertarianism to counter left- or liberal-libertarianism. In an article about the Ron Paul Newsletter controversy, Austrian economist Steven Horwitz discussed the strategy and said the Institute at the time had "numerous connections with all kinds of unsavory folks: racists, anti-Semites, Holocaust deniers". See: Dalmia, Shikha (December 25, 2011). "The Right Way for Ron Paul to Respond to Newsletter Controversy." Reason, citing Horowitz, Steve (December 23, 2011). "How Did We Get Here? Or, Why Do 20 Year Old Newsletters Matter So Damn Much?". Bleeding Heart Libertarians.
- "About the Mises Institute." Mises.org
- "About the Mises Institute." Mises.org
- "Ward & Massey Libraries.". Mises.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- "The Mises Campus". Mises.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- Wingfield, Kyle. "Auburnomics: Von Mises finds a sweet home in Alabama." Wall Street Journal. August 11, 2006. 
- "Faculty Members". Mises.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- Wingfield, Kyle (August 4, 2006). "Sweet Home Alabama." The Wall Street Journal Online
- Christopher Mayer. "Democracy is Coercive".
- "Does Democracy Threaten the Free Market? – N. Joseph Potts – Mises Institute".
- "Chapter 5 – Binary Intervention: Government Expenditures (continued)".
- "Does Democracy Promote Peace? - James Ostrowski - Mises Daily".
- "The Neo-Confederates". Intelligence Report. Southern Poverty Law Center. Summer 2000.
- Rockwell, Lew (2003). Speaking of Liberty (PDF). Ludwig von Mises Institute. p. 362. ISBN 9780945466383. OCLC 54794604.
- Kinsella, Stephan (September 4, 2009). "The Case Against IP: A Concise Guide." Mises.org
- Huebert, Jacob (December 20, 2002). "The Ludwig von Mises Legacy: A Reality Check." LewRockwell.com
- Berlet, Chip (Summer 2003). "Into the Mainstream". Intelligence Report. Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
It also promotes a type of Darwinian view of society in which elites are seen as natural and any intervention by the government on behalf of social justice is destructive. The institute seems nostalgic for the days when, 'because of selective mating, marriage, and the laws of civil and genetic inheritance, positions of natural authority [were] likely to be passed on within a few noble families.'
- Beirich, Heidi (February 9, 2011). "Ron Paul Invites Neo-Confederate Witness to Testify in Congress". Hatewatch. Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- "Mises Institute Literature web page".
- "The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics".
- "Journal of Libertarian Studies".
- "Are you an Austrian?". Mises.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- Kling, Arnold. "The Sect of Austrian Economics" TechCentralStation Daily. November 11, 2003. 
- "Mises Institute Awards." Mises.org
- "Faculty Members" Ludwig von Mises Institute
- Rockwell, Llewellyn H. (ed.). Murray Rothbard, In Memoriam (PDF). Auburn, AL: von Mises Institute. pp. 64, 127.
- Burghart, Devan (October 9, 2013). Professor of Humanities at Elizabethtown college
- "The Last Paleolibertarian", John Derbyshire, Vdare.com, September 24, 2011
-  Ludwig von Mises Institute
- See, e.g., May 1990 issue of The Free Market and Mises.org blog comment
- "Senior Fellows, Faculty Members, and Staff." Ludwig von Mises Institute
-  Ludwig von Mises Institute
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- The Ludwig von Mises Institute
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- Organizational Profile – National Center for Charitable Statistics (Urban Institute)