Ludwig von Buhl

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Ludwig von Buhl (4 January 1816 – 30 July 1880) was a German pathologist born in Munich.

He studied medicine in Munich and Vienna, and in 1847 was habilitated as a lecturer of pathological anatomy and microscopy at the University of Munich. In 1850 he was chosen as an associate professor, and from 1854 served as prosector at the university general hospital. In 1859 he was appointed professor of general pathology and pathological anatomy in Munich,[1] where in 1875 he became director of the pathological institute. Two of his better known assistants were Ernst Schweninger (1850-1924) and Wilhelm Heinrich Erb (1840-1921).

With Max Pettenkofer (1818-1901), Carl von Voit (1831-1908) and Ludwig Adolph Timotheus Radlkofer (1829-1927), he published the biological journal "Zeitschrift für Biologie".[2] His best written effort was the 1872 "Lungenentzündung, Tuberkulose und Schwindsucht", a book that was later translated into English as "Inflammation of the lungs : tuberculosis and comsumption" (1874).[3]

Buhl is remembered for his work with infectious diseases, in particular, pioneer research of miliary tuberculosis.[4] With Austrian pathologist Franz Dittrich (1815-1859), the "Buhl-Dittrich law" is obtained, a supposition that states that "In every case of acute miliary tuberculosis, there exists at least one old focus of causation in the body".[5]

His name is associated with "Buhl's disease", a rare disorder of newborns that he first described in 1861. The disease is defined as an acute parenchymatous fatty degeneration of the liver, kidney, or heart, combined with hemorrhages into the various organs.[6]

Selected writings[edit]

  • Klinik der Geburtskunde (Clinic of obstetrics), with Karl von Hecker (1827-1882); 1861.
  • Lungenentzündung, Tuberkulose und Schwindsucht (Inflammation of the lungs, tuberculosis and consumption), 1872.
  • Mitteilungen aus dem pathologischen Institut zu München (Messages from the pathological institute at Munich), 1877

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pagel: Biographical Dictionary
  2. ^ Popular Science Monthly/Volume 23/October 1883 Sketch of Dr. Max von Pettenkofer
  3. ^ The Medical Heritage Library Inflammation of the lungs : tuberculosis and comsumption
  4. ^ Tuberculosis and Acute general miliary tuberculosis by Georg Cornet
  5. ^ Laws and Models: Science, Engineering, and Technology by Carl W. Hall
  6. ^ Koplik, Henry (1906). The Diseases of infancy and childhood, designed for the use of students and practitioners of medicine. Lea.