|Ludwik J. Rajchman|
1 November 1881|
|Died||13 July 1965
Chenu, Sarthe, France
|Residence||Poland, Switzerland, France|
|Known for||Co-founding UNICEF|
Ludwik J. Rajchman (1 November 1881, Warsaw - 13 July 1965, Chenu, Sarthe) was a Polish physician and bacteriologist. He was born to Aleksander Rajchman, the first director of the Warsaw Philharmonic, and Melania Hirszfeld. He was from a family of assimilated Polish Jews. While the parents were agnostic, Ludwik was baptized at birth. He is regarded as the founder of UNICEF, and served as its first Chairman from 1946 to 1950. A cousin of Aleksander Rajchman, a Polish mathematician and Ludwik Hirszfeld, a Polish microbiologist. Father of Jan A. Rajchman, a Polish American computer scientist, inventor of magnetic-core memory.
In 1929 and 1930-1931, he served as a medical adviser to Chiang Kai-shek and Song Ziwen. In 1931-1939, he was an expert of China's National Economic Council, which had been set up with the aid of the League of Nations to promote development. In 1940-1943, he was Song Ziwen's adviser as a special representative of China to the United States.
- Michel Balinski, a grandson of Rajchman
- Timeline of young people's rights in the United Kingdom
- Balinska, Marta A. (1998). For the Good of Humanity : Ludwik Rajchman, Medical Statesman (Translated by Rebecca Howell). Budapest: Central European University Press. ISBN 978-9639116177.
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