Ludwik Rajchman

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Ludwik J. Rajchman
Born (1881-11-01)1 November 1881
Warsaw, Poland
Died 13 July 1965(1965-07-13) (aged 83)
Chenu, Sarthe, France
Residence Poland Poland, Switzerland Switzerland, France France
Citizenship Poland Polish
Nationality Poland Polish
Fields Bacteriology
Known for Co-founding UNICEF

Ludwik J. Rajchman (1 November 1881, Warsaw - 13 July 1965, Chenu, Sarthe) was a Polish physician and bacteriologist. He was born to Aleksander Rajchman, the first director of the Warsaw Philharmonic, and Melania Hirszfeld. He was from a family of assimilated Polish Jews. While the parents were agnostic, Ludwik was baptized at birth.[1] He is regarded as the founder of UNICEF,[2] and served as its first Chairman from 1946 to 1950. A cousin of Aleksander Rajchman, a Polish mathematician and Ludwik Hirszfeld, a Polish microbiologist. Father of Jan A. Rajchman, a Polish American computer scientist, inventor of magnetic-core memory.

In 1929 and 1930-1931, he served as a medical adviser to Chiang Kai-shek and Song Ziwen. In 1931-1939, he was an expert of China's National Economic Council, which had been set up with the aid of the League of Nations to promote development. In 1940-1943, he was Song Ziwen's adviser as a special representative of China to the United States.[3]

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Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Hirszfeld, Ludwik; Balińska, Marta A.; Schneider, William Howard (2010). Ludwik Hirszfeld. University Rochester Press. p. xx. ISBN 9781580463386. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Jakub Polit, "Chiny". Wydawnictwo Trio, Warszawa 2004. p. 407. ISBN 83-88542-68-0

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