Ludwik Rydygier with his assistants. Painting by Leon Wyczółkowski
|Born||21 August 1850
Dossoczyn, Kingdom of Prussia (now Dusocin, Poland)
|Died||25 June 1920 (aged 69)
Lwów, Poland (now Lviv, Ukraine)
|Alma mater||University of Greifswald|
Early life and education
Between 1859 and 1861 he was learning in gymnasium in Konitz, then also in gymnasium in Kulm, which he graduated in 1869. In years 1869-1878 he studied medical sciences at the University of Greifswald.
After studies he was running a private clinic in Kulm. There he wrote many of his papers in the field of surgery.
He was at his time one of the most distinguished Polish and worldwide known surgeons. In 1880, as the first in Poland and second in the world he succeeded in surgical removal of the pylorus in a patient suffering from stomach cancer. He was also the first to document this procedure. In 1881, as the first in the world, he carried out a peptic ulcer resection. In 1884 he introduced a new method of surgical peptic ulcer treatment using Gastroenterostomy. Rydygier proposed (1900) original concepts for removing prostatic adenoma and introduced many other surgical techniques.
He was dean of the Medical Department and in the years 1901-1902 functioned as rector of Lwów University. He was mentor to many splendid surgeons and future professors. In 1889 he organized the first surgical conference in Poland. These conferences led to the establishment of Polish Surgeon Society. He didn't leave Lwów, even when he was offered to move to Charles University in Prague. He was an outstanding surgeon, well known for his practical achievements, as well as initiator of new methods and a talented organizer. Some of his ideas, which include gastric surgeries, surgery of rectal cancer, amputations, plastic, orthopedic and cardiothoracic surgery and urology are successfully used to date.
During the First World War he led military hospital in Brno. After the war he immediately returned to Lwów, where he fought against Ukrainians in November 1918. He was promoted to general of Polish Army. In 1920 he started organizing military hospitals.
- Pach, Radoslaw; Orzel-Nowak Anita; Scully Thecla (2008). "Ludwik Rydygier--contributor to modern surgery". Gastric Cancer. Japan. 11 (4): 187–91. doi:10.1007/s10120-008-0482-7. ISSN 1436-3291. PMID 19132478.
- Kamionkowski, Marek (2003). "[The life of Ludwik Rydygier in a village of Grabowo]". Archiwum historii i filozofii medycyny / Polskii Towarzystwo Historii Medycyny i Farmacji. Poland. 66 (1): 61–4. ISSN 0860-1844. PMID 14526784.
- Bednarz, Wiktor; Bednarz Iwona (2002). "[Ludwik Rydygier--homo creator. The 150th anniversary of the birth of Ludwik Rydygier]". Wiad. Lek. Poland. 55 (7-8): 498–502. ISSN 0043-5147. PMID 12428581.
- Kucharz, E J; Shampo M A; Kyle R A (Dec 1991). "Ludwik Rydygier--famous Polish surgeon". Mayo Clin. Proc. UNITED STATES. 66 (12): 1248. doi:10.1016/s0025-6196(12)62476-8. ISSN 0025-6196. PMID 1749293.
- Sablinski, T; Tilney N L (Jun 1991). "Ludwik Rydygier and the first gastrectomy for peptic ulcer". Surgery, gynecology & obstetrics. UNITED STATES. 172 (6): 493–6. ISSN 0039-6087. PMID 2035143.
- Kucharz, E J (Sep 1979). "Ludwik Rydygier (1850--1920)". Investigative urology. UNITED STATES. 17 (2): 166. ISSN 0021-0005. PMID 381247.
- Media related to Ludwik Rydygier at Wikimedia Commons