Luffield Abbey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 52°04′16″N 1°01′34″W / 52.071°N 1.026°W / 52.071; -1.026 Luffield Abbey is a place in the very north of Buckinghamshire, England. It is on the border with Northamptonshire, close to Biddlesden and Silverstone.

Priory of Luffield[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Luffield Priory.

The place takes its name from the Benedictine priory of Luffield, founded by Robert, 2nd Earl of Leicester some time before 1133. The priory was suppressed in 1494, by which time the priory was in ruins and there were only two monks.[1] The lands were then granted to Westminster Abbey.

There was no trace of the ancient abbey in a land survey conducted in 1732.[2] The remains of the abbey were found on the edge of the south east runway of the airfield which is now part of Silverstone Circuit, about 200 metres north east of Stowe Corner. Markings of the foundations can be seen in discolorations in the grass on some aerial images taken in the early 1990s. Human remains were found near the abbey in the 1970s. They were found to be monks who had been sufferers of the plague and buried face down.

Two corners of the circuit are named after the location: turn 1 is known as Abbey and turn 7 as Luffield.[3]

Subsequent history[edit]

In 1551, after the Dissolution, the manor was granted to Francis Throckmorton. In 1718 it passed to his descendant Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham of Stowe, and passed with the Stowe estates until the mid 19th century.[2]

Luffield Abbey was an extra-parochial area, until 1844 partly in Northamptonshire and partly in Buckinghamshire. In 1844 the part in the former county was transferred to the Northamptonshire parish of Silverstone so that Luffield Abbey was entirely within Buckinghamshire thereafter.[4] In 1858 it became a civil parish.

The parish consisted of a single farm.[2] By 1931 the population of the parish had dropped to 2.[5] After 1974 the civil parish was abolished and merged with Lillingstone Dayrell to form the civil parish of Lillingstone Dayrell with Luffield Abbey. The name is also given to the most northern ward of Aylesbury Vale District Council.

References[edit]

  1. ^ William Page, ed. (1905). "Houses of Benedictine monks: The priory of Luffield". A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 1. Victoria County History. pp. 347–350. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c William Page, ed. (1927). "Parishes : Luffield Abbey". A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4. Victoria County History. pp. 197–198. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "What's in a name? The history behind Silverstone's iconic corners". Formula 1. 3 July 2015. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 29–44. ISBN 0-901050-67-9. 
  5. ^ Vision of Britain website