It maintains regional offices in Düsseldorf, Frankfurt am Main (Raunheim), Hamburg, Munich (Airport), Stuttgart and Berlin and reports directly to the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs.
The LBA is responsible for developing and maintaining aviation safety standards, as well as certifying airlines, airports and training devices such a simulators and Flight Training Devices (FTDs). Some of these tasks are fulfilled on behalf of the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). Investigation of accidents is not a responsibility of the LBA but of the German Federal Bureau of Aircraft Accident Investigation.
In 1918, when the Weimar Republic had been established, matters of aviation were provisionally assigned to the Reichsamt des Inneren (Imperial Ministry of the Interior). Later[when?], the Reichsluftamt (Imperial Agency of Aviation) was established.
After World War II, matters of aviation were initially handled by the administration of the Allied occupation powers. Some matters of aviation were transferred to the '"Vorläufige Bundesstelle für Luftfahrtgerät und Flugunfalluntersuchung'" (Provisional Federal Office for Avionic Devices and Investigation of Aviation Accidents) established on 15 September 1953 in Bonn. Eventually, the Luftfahrt-Bundesamt was established by the Gesetz über das Luftfahrt-Bundesamt (Act on the Luftfahrt-Bundesamt) of 30 November 1954 (BGBl. I 354) and commenced operation on 1 February 1955.
In East Germany, the Hauptverwaltung der Zivilen Luftfahrt (Central Administration for Civil Aviation) was established on 1 January 1961. It was replaced by the Staatliche Luftfahrt-Inspektion der DDR (Public Department of Aviation of the GDR) on 1 January 1968, from which the Luftfahrt-Bundesamt took over all operations and most of the staff on 4 October 1990, the day after German re-unification.
- "Imprint Archived 26 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine.." Luftfahrt-Bundesamt. Retrieved on 22 January 2012. "Luftfahrt-Bundesamt President Hermann-Blenk-Straße 26 38108 Braunschweig"
- Luftfahrt-Bundesamt. "Geschichte" (in German). Archived from the original on 9 October 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- Luftfahrt-Bundesamt (2004). "Chronik des Luftfahrt-Bundesamts" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 2009-06-09.[dead link]