Lugal-irra and Meslamta-ea

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Lugal-irra and Meslamta-ea are the "Great Twins" of the constellation Gemini.[1]

In ancient Mesopotamian religion, Lugal-irra and Meslamta-ea are a set of twin gods who were worshipped in the village of Kisiga, located in northern Babylonia.[2] They were regarded as guardians of doorways[1] and they may have originally been envisioned as a set of twins guarding the gates of the Underworld, who chopped the dead into pieces as they passed through the gates.[3] During the Neo-Assyrian period, small depictions of them would be buried at entrances,[1] with Lugal-irra always on the left and Meslamta-ea always on the right.[1] They are identical and are shown wearing horned caps and each holding an axe and a mace.[1] They are identified with the constellation Gemini, which is named after them.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Black & Green 1992, p. 124.
  2. ^ Black & Green 1992, p. 123.
  3. ^ Black & Green 1992, pp. 123–124.


  • Black, Jeremy; Green, Anthony (1992), Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia: An Illustrated Dictionary, The British Museum Press, ISBN 978-0714117058
  • Brisch, Nicole (2016), "Lugalirra and Meslamtaea (a pair of gods); Underworld deities that often occur together, also called the 'Divine Twins'. They are associated with the underworld god Nergal. Later traditions imagine them as guardians to the entrance of the underworld.", Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses, Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus, UK Higher Education Academy