Lugard Road

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Lugard Road
Lugard road.jpg
Lugard Road, elevated section in background
Native nameChinese: 盧吉道
Length2,462 metres (8,076 ft)
Width2.4 metres (8 ft)
LocationVictoria Peak, Hong Kong
Construction startJune 1913
CompletionMarch 1921

Lugard Road (Chinese: 盧吉道; Sidney Lau: lo4 gat1 do6) is a road located on Victoria Peak, Hong Kong, named after Sir Frederick Lugard, Governor of Hong Kong from 1907 to 1912. Located some 400 metres (1,300 ft) above sea level, the road is a popular walking path that forms part of the Hong Kong Trail, and is known for spectacular vistas over Victoria Harbour.[1]


Lugard Road lies approximately 400m above sea level.[1] It is a semi-circular 2.4-kilometre (1.5 mi) road on Victoria Peak that mainly follows the contours of the hillside, connecting Victoria Gap in the east to the Hatton Road-Harlech Road junction in the west.[2][3] Joining Harlech Road seamlessly at its end, a circuit is formed around The Peak.[2] Lugard Road is the initial section of Stage 1 of the 50-kilometre Hong Kong Trail.[4][5] Most of Lugard Road enjoys dense tree cover, and a variety of tropical vegetation can be found along its length.[2] The views of the city below from Lugard Road are variously described in travel guides as "stunning" and "spectacular".[1][3][6]

The road is approximately 3 metres (9.8 ft) wide at its widest and less than 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) at its narrowest and, while not entirely pedestrian, has vehicular restrictions.[7][8] Permits to use this road are only issued to residents for access to their properties.[7]


Piered section of Lugard Road in the final stages of completion (c.1921)

The road is named after Sir Frederick Lugard, Governor of Hong Kong from 1907 to 1912.[2][9]

The Public Works Department issued an invitation for sealed tenders by 2 June 1913 to form a section of roadway from Victoria Gap to High West Gap.[10] The cost of the entire 2,462-metre (8,076 ft) road, whose construction was made difficult by the "rocky and precipitous nature of the hillside", was estimated at HK$55,000.[11] In their 1913 annual report, the PWD noted that HK$11,373 had been spent on the 860-metre (2,820 ft) section completed in the year.[12]

[…] the road will be principally used as a promenade, a wonderful panoramic view of the City, Harbour and surroundings being obtainable from it. Starting from Victoria Gap, the road contours the hillside below the Mount Austin Barracks, being practically level until it reaches a point below Bishop’s Lodge, whence it continues westwards with a rising grade of 1 in 18 to the end of the first section. It is 8 feet in width and is generally cut out of the hillside. In some places, it has been necessary to construct retaining walls in order to avoid excessive cutting or to improve the alignment of the road.[12]

The construction was interrupted by the First World War.[13] The next section built after the war, to join the existing road with Harlech Road,[13] is described having "a minimum width of 8 ft. throughout with a maximum gradient of 1 in 20".[14] It comprises "1,448 lineal feet of reinforced concrete decking and beams carried on 87 cement concrete piers, 1,543 lineal feet of rubble retaining walling and 1,859 lineal feet of hillside benching".[14] In 1920, the Director of Public Works reported that all the substantial pier work for the bridging, rubble retaining walls, cutting and channelling for that section had been completed. The steep terrain made progress slow, and challenges included "numerous dangerous boulders, weighing up to 45 tons each", which had to be removed.[14] By the end of that year, all that still remained to be done was "a small amount of work consisting principally of bridge decking, railings, and road surfacing".[14]

Construction was completed in March 1921, the total project cost being $88,165.[15]


Start of Lugard Road, next to the Peak Tower and The Peak Lookout: the white building is No. 1 Lugard Road.
No. 35 Lugard Road, Victoria Gap Substation

While the Peak is a prestigious address, there are few houses along Lugard Road. Not designed for vehicular traffic, its width is insufficient for cars to pass in most places, making the houses close to inaccessible.[16] Furthermore, the escarpments present challenges for construction. There was controversy when planning permission was lodged (and granted) to convert one of the properties along it into a luxury hotel in 2013.[7]

Built heritage[edit]

  • No. 1 Lugard Road, the Peak Tramways Office built about 1927 as a workshop, with an additional floor added in 1953, now serves as offices for the Peak Tramways Company. It has a highly unusual shape that can best be described as an arrowhead.[17] It was listed as a Grade III historic building in 2010.[18]
  • No. 26 Lugard Road. Hong Kong Archive records show that a dwelling was constructed c.1890 on Rural Building Lot 52. The house was sold in 1899 to Joseph Charles Hoare, then Bishop of Victoria, for HK$34,000. The property, thus named "Bishop's Lodge", was owned by Hoare and passed to his wife upon his drowning in a typhoon in 1906.[19] In 1917, the property was sold for $20,830 to Robert Hotung, who surrendered the lease to the Crown in June 1950, a process usually of exchange for other land.[20]
  • No. 27 Lugard Road. The oldest house in Lugard Road is a two-storey private residence located at No. 27 designed by Palmer and Turner and constructed in 1914.[16] It was given Grade II historic building status by the Antiquities Advisory Board in September 2013.[21][22][23] The neo-classical colonial mansion was designed by Lennox Godfrey Bird and owned by his brother Herbert until it was sold to the Taikoo Dockyard & Engineering Co. in 1930 and used as a residence for their staff.[16] Butterfield & Swire (太古洋行), successor to Taikoo Dockyard, turned the house into a staff mess.[16] In September 2012, the property was acquired for HK$384 million by Ashley Pacific, a company that also owns and runs the Butterfly Hotel and Serviced Apartment Group. The new owners submitted application to the Town Planning Board (TPB) to transform the property into an up-scale boutique hotel.[24] They proposed to expand the 880 square metres (9,500 sq ft) property by building two additional villas of two to three storeys each, making a total of 17 lettable units[23] with a floor area of in excess of 1,100 square metres (12,000 sq ft).[25] Despite stiff objection from local groups and the District Council, the TPB approved the plan.[24][26]
  • No. 28 Lugard Road is a pitched roof bungalow built by Lennox Bird, constructed in 1924. It was owned and occupied by Bird up to the war, after which it was sold.[16]
  • No. 35 Lugard Road, Victoria Gap Substation, was built in 1928 by the Hongkong Electric Company to distribute electricity to different populated areas and serve as quarters for its engineers.[27] The 4-storey neo-Georgian building still functions as a staff residence and an electric substation for the locality. The plant is located on the ground floor, while there is a flat on each of the remaining levels.[28] It has been a Grade III historic building since 2010.[18]
A panoramic view of Hong Kong from Lugard Road

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c England, Vaudine (4 July 2012). "Top 10 walks in Hong Kong". The Guardian.
  2. ^ a b c d Wordie, Jason (2002) "Lugard Road". Streets – Exploring Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong University Press, pp. 91–97. Archived from the original on 29 May 2009.
  3. ^ a b "Victoria Peak and the Victoria Peak Tram Review ". Fodors. Archived from the original on 6 June 2013.
  4. ^ "Pokfulam Country Park" Archived 24 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Dept., Hong Kong
  5. ^ Hong Kong Trail: Stage 1, the Peak to Pokfulam Reservoir
  6. ^ "Peak Circle Walk". Discover Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 8 August 2013.
  7. ^ a b c "LCQ5: Traffic on Lugard Road". Government of Hong Kong. 25 June 2014
  8. ^ "Lugard Rd to be restricted". Government of Hong Kong. 25 June 2014
  9. ^ "22nd October, 1914", Legislative Council of Hong Kong. p 119. (1914). Archived by University of Hong Kong
  10. ^ "No S143". pg 203. University of Hong Kong archives.
  11. ^ "9th October 1913", Legislative Council of Hong Kong. pp74-75. (1913) Archived by University of Hong Kong
  12. ^ a b "#107 Roads and Streets". Report of the Director of Public Works for the year 1913. p. P55, archived by University of Hong Kong.
  13. ^ a b Lugard Road History, Gwulo
  14. ^ a b c d "#101(c) "Roads: Lugard Road Extension". Report of the Director of Public Works for the year 1920. p. Q42, archived by University of Hong Kong.
  15. ^ #101(a) "Roads: Lugard Road Extension". Report of the Director of Public Works for the year 1921. p. Q49, archived by University of Hong Kong.
  16. ^ a b c d e "N18: No. 27 Lugard Road". Historic Building Appraisal. Leisure and Cultural Services Dept (June 2013)
  17. ^ Brief Information on Proposed Grade 3 Items, Item #886.
  18. ^ a b List of the Historic Buildings in Building Assessment (@ 21 September 2012) Archived 15 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "Letters to 'Ted' (Joseph Edward Hoare)" (PDF). p. 2. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  20. ^ Wilson, Anita (9 September 1986). "26 Lugard Road: Rural Building Lot (RBL) 52 Garden Lot (GL) 17". Government Records Office, Hong Kong.
  21. ^ Antiquities Advisory Board: List of new items and new categories with assessment results (as at 4 March 2014)
  22. ^ Chan, Yannie (16 September 2013). "Historic Villa to Become a Heritage Boutique Hotel". HK Magazine. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014.
  23. ^ a b Chiu, Karen. "Suites at a price". The Standard.
  24. ^ a b Sell, George (7 September 2013). "Residence on The Peak to become Hong Kong boutique hotel". Boutique Hotel News. Archived from the original on 29 August 2014.
  25. ^ "盧吉道27號建酒店獲城規通過". Sing Tao Daily, 7 September 2013. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014.
  26. ^ Nip, Amy (26 June 2014). "Lugard Road hotel plan faces more legwork". South China Morning Post
  27. ^ Brief Information 1444 Historic Buildings, Item #888 (21 September 2012).
  28. ^ Brief Information on Proposed Grade 3 Items, Item #888.

External links[edit]

Route map:

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