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Lughaya is located around 200 km to the north of Berbera and about 50 km south of the main port of Djibouti. It is the capital of and largest town in the Lughaya District. The settlement lies on the Guban coast, and is typically hot and dry.
The broader Lughaya District has a total population of 36,104 residents. The majority of locals belong to the Maxamed Case sub-clan of the Gadabuursi. Most residents are pastoralists and farmers.
Major towns in the Lughaya District are:
- Gargaara Bari
- Waraqa Dhigta
- Sheed Dheer
- Ceel Helay
- Cabdi Geedi
- Ceel Sheek
- "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
- Center for Creative Solutions (May 31, 2004), Ruin and Renewal: The Story of Somaliland, Hargeisa: Center for Creative Solutions, retrieved September 21, 2010,
So too is the boundary of Lughaya district whose predominant (if not exclusive) inhabitants are today Gadabursi.
- "Istanbul conference on Somalia 21 – 23 May 2010 - Draft discussion paper for Round Table "Transport infrastructure"" (PDF). Government of Somalia. Retrieved 31 August 2013.