Province of Lugo
Provincia de Lugo
|• Body||Diputación de Lugo|
|• President||José Ramón Gómez Besteiro (Socialists' Party of Galicia)|
|• Total||9,856 km2 (3,805 sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Lugués (m), Luguesa (f)|
|ISO 3166 code||ES-LU|
|Parliament||15 deputies (out of 75)|
|Congress||4 deputies (out of 350)|
|Senate||4 senators (out of 264)|
Lugo is a province of northwestern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Galicia. It is bordered by the provinces of Ourense, Pontevedra, and A Coruña, the principality of Asturias, the State of León, and in the north by the Cantabrian Sea (Bay of Biscay).
The population is 331,327 (2018), of whom a quarter live in the capital Lugo. The capital city was an ancient Celtic settlement named in honour of the god Lugh (see Lyon), later Latinised as Lucus Augusti, and which became one of the three main important Galician-Roman centres alongside Braccara Augusta and Asturica Augusta (modern Braga and Astorga respectively). The province has 67 municipalities.
The vast majority of people have a common language which is Galician. Some people, especially the older generation, are monolingual and only speak Galician. There are only a few people bilingual in Galician and Castilian of the little over 10,000 inhabitants. Even in the capital, the vitality of the Galician language in conversation is very strong.
The inhabitants speak several variants of Galician in the province of Lugo. They have the characteristics of being the closest to León isoglosses and therefore also the Castilian language. So they have some grammatical and phonetic signs that are mistakenly considered influences of the Castilian or Leonese languages. However, the language of Galicia in Lugo, especially in non-coastal areas, is probably the most genuine in Galicia, due to almost no historic pressure of Castilian exercised on the rural population.
The estuaries of the Lugo province are part of the Atlas estuaries. From west to east they are:
- O Barqueiro estuary
- Viveiro estuary
- Foz estuary
- Ribadeo estuary
- Miño river
- Sil river
- Landro river
- Ouro river
- Masmo river
|2-Monforte de Lemos||19.546|
Notes and references
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