Luigi Cozzi in 2011
September 7, 1947 |
Busto Arsizio, Italy
|Occupation||Film director, screenwriter|
Luigi Cozzi (born September 7, 1947) is an Italian movie director and screenwriter who directed mainly science fiction and horror films in the mid-1970s and throughout the 1980s. He was born in 1947 in Busto Arsizio, Italy. He sometimes lists himself in film credits by his Anglicized name Lewis Coates. Cozzi also worked as an assistant director and co-screenwriter on a number of Dario Argento's most famous movies.
Cozzi has been interested in film making since his teen years, producing a low budget science fiction film at age 21 called The Tunnel Under the World. (His mother has stated that he loved watching movies as a child and, to her, it has always seemed that a career in the film industry was his destiny.) Tunnel brought him to the attention of renowned Italian producer Dario Argento. Cozzi worked as an assistant director and screenwriter on a number of Argento's most famous movies, and directed a made-for-TV movie called The Neighbor for the Door into Darkness television series produced by Argento in 1973.
Cozzi's first professional film was the 1975 giallo, The Killer Must Kill Again, after which he was hired to direct a number of bigger budget science fiction and fantasy films, such as Contamination, Starcrash, Hercules and Hercules 2, all of which later became cult films.
Cozzi worked with a lot of well-known genre actors such as Caroline Munro, Sybil Danning, Lou Ferrigno, Joe Spinnell, Klaus Kinski, Daria Nicolodi, Asia Argento, David Hassellhoff, George Hilton and Brett Halsey.
In 1986, Cozzi wrote and planned to direct Sinbad of the Seven Seas, but the producer replaced him at the last minute with director Enzo Castellari, who subsequently delivered an unreleasable cut of the film, leading to Cozzi being re-hired in 1989 to come in and fix up the picture, the producers spending an additional $500,000 to finish the production.
Cozzi wrote a script he called De Profundis, which was intended to be the unauthorized finale to Dario Argento's then-unfinished "Three Mothers" trilogy (which Argento had begun with his films Suspiria and Inferno). Cozzi shot the film as "De Profundis" (which means "From the Deep") starring Caroline Munro, but at the last minute, the American distributors (who at that time were planning their own series of Edgar Allan Poe films) changed the title of Cozzi's film to The Black Cat, although the film had no connection to Poe. Their Poe film series never materialized, but Cozzi's film was nevertheless released under two titles: The Black Cat and, bizarrely, Demons 6, although the film had no connections to the Lamberto Bava-directed Demons or Demons 2. The film received very limited distribution, and does not appear to have ever received a VHS release. Cozzi later discovered that fellow Italian director Lucio Fulci had expressed an interest in directing Cozzi's De Profundis screenplay, without realizing that Cozzi had already completed the film himself. It is uncertain if any of the parties involved were aware that Fulci had previously directed a film called The Black Cat, in 1981.
Cozzi also worked on the special effects for Dario Argento's Phenomena, (released in the US as Creepers), and was an assistant director on The Stendhal Syndrome, Four Flies on Gray Velvet, Two Evil Eyes and Nosferatu in Venice (a sequel to Nosferatu the Vampyre which gave him the chance to work with actor Klaus Kinski). When Mario Caiano (the director on Nosferatu in Venice) quit the picture unexpectedly, Kinski attempted to finish directing it himself, and the producer brought Cozzi in to help Kinski co-direct. The film did very poorly, mainly because Kinski refused to wear the Nosferatu make-up he had worn in the previous film. Cozzi also co-wrote the screenplay for Lamberto Bava's Monster Shark. Some of his work was done under his Americanized stage name, Lewis Coates.
In 1987-88, Cozzi directed 9 episodes of Dario Argento's Italian television series, Turno Di Notte, some of which starred Argento's daughter, Asia, and Argento's then-wife, Daria Nicolodi.
Cozzi's final horror film, Paganini Horror, was a major disappointment to him, since he was unable to work effectively within the tiny budget he was given. Daria Nicolodi co-wrote the script with Cozzi and also starred in it. Cozzi later made two documentaries on the films of Dario Argento, and for years managed Argento's retail movie memorabilia store in Italy, Profondo Rosso.
- The Tunnel Under the World (1969)
- Four Flies on Grey Velvet (1971) Cozzi just worked on the screenplay for this Dario Argento film and acted as assistant director.
- The Five Days of Milan (1973) Cozzi just helped write the screenplay for this film
- The Neighbor (1973) Italian made-for-TV Movie, this was an episode of Dario Argento's Door into Darkness TV series; this was the first television project Cozzi ever directed
- Eyewitness (1973) Italian made-for-TV Movie, this was an episode of Dario Argento's Door into Darkness TV series (Cozzi co-wrote the script with Argento, but didn't direct this film)
- The Doll (1973) Italian made-for-TV Movie, this was an episode of Dario Argento's Door into Darkness TV series (allegedly Cozzi helped to co-direct this episode, but was not credited as the director)
- The Killer Must Kill Again (1975) a.k.a. Il Ragno / The Spider, a.k.a. The Dark is Death's Friend (a giallo starring George Hilton)
- La portiera nuda / The Naked Doorwoman (1976) comedy
- Godzilla (1977), Cozzi re-edited this modified and colorized version of Godzilla, King of the Monsters! (1954) to magnetic band and sensurround theaters. This colorized version of the 1954 classic is famous for its splicing of World War II newsreel footage into the existing American cut, and is sometimes nicknamed Cozzilla to distinguish it from the other numerous cuts and dubs of the film in other countries.
- Take All of Me (1978) a.k.a. Dedicated to a Star (drama)
- Starcrash (1979) a.k.a. "Stella Star", a.k.a. "Female Space Invaders". starring Caroline Munro, David Hasselhoff and Joe Spinnell
- Contamination (1980) a.k.a. "Toxic Spawn", a.k.a. "Alien Contamination", starring Ian McCulloch
- Hercules (1983) starring Lou Ferrigno & Sybil Danning
- Monster Shark (1984) Cozzi contributed the original plot idea for this Lamberto Bava-directed film
- Hercules 2: The Adventures of Hercules (1985), starring Lou Ferrigno & William Berger
- Turno di Notte (1987–88) Cozzi directed nine episodes of this Italian TV series produced by Dario Argento (some of which starred Asia Argento and Daria Nicolodi)
- Nosferatu in Venice (1988) a.k.a. "Vampire in Venice", starring Klaus Kinski (Cozzi co-directed this film)
- Sinbad of the Seven Seas (1989) starring Lou Ferrigno (Cozzi co-wrote, co-directed and edited this film)
- De Profundis/ From The Deep (1989) a.k.a. "The Black Cat" or "Demons 6" (starring Caroline Munro & Brett Halsey)
- Paganini Horror (1989) co-written by Daria Nicolodi
- Two Evil Eyes (1990) Cozzi worked as an assistant director on this Dario Argento film
- Dario Argento: Master of Horror (1991) (documentary on Dario Argento)
- The Stendhal Syndrome (1995) Cozzi worked as an assistant director on this Dario Argento film
- Il Mondo di Dario Argento 3: The Museum of Horrors (1997) a.k.a. "The World of Dario Argento 3" (documentary on Dario Argento)
- Blood on Méliès' Moon (2016)