Luigi Di Maio

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Luigi Di Maio
Luigi Di Maio 2018.jpg
Leader of the Five Star Movement
Assumed office
23 September 2017
Preceded by Beppe Grillo
Vice President of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
21 March 2013 – 22 March 2018
President Laura Boldrini
Preceded by Rosy Bindi
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
Assumed office
15 March 2013
Constituency Campania
Personal details
Born (1986-07-06) 6 July 1986 (age 31)
Avellino, Italy
Political party Five Star Movement
Signature

Luigi Di Maio (Italian pronunciation: [luˈiːdʒi di ˈmaːjo]; born 6 July 1986) is an Italian politician, who served as Vice President of the Chamber of Deputies in the XVII Italian legislature. He is the leader of the Five Star Movement, an anti-establishment party founded by Beppe Grillo.[1]

Early life[edit]

Luigi Di Maio was born in Avellino, in 1986; he was the eldest of three brothers. His father Antonio was a small real estate entrepreneur and local councilor for the neo-fascist Italian Social Movement (MSI), while his mother was a teacher of Italian and Latin.[2][3]

Di Maio attended the classical lyceum and then he enrolled at the University of Naples Federico II to study engineering, but subsequently changed to jurisprudence. While never graduating from his studies, he was among the founders of students' unions at both faculties.[4][5]

In 2007 he was registered as an apprentice journalist, later briefly working as a webmaster and as a steward at the Stadio San Paolo in Naples.[6][7]

Political career[edit]

In 2007 Di Maio was among the founders of the political group "Friends of Beppe Grillo", the predecessors of the Five Star Movement (M5S), founded by the popular and populist comedian in October 2009.[8]

In 2013 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies of the Italian Parliament. On 21 March 2013 he became the youngest Vice President of the Chamber of Deputies ever elected.[9][10]

On 12 July 2017 Di Maio was formally investigated for defamation following a police report filed by Marika Cassimatis, former M5S mayoral candidate in Genoa,[11] while on 28 July 2017 the journalist Elena Polidori made a police report against him for defamation. He decided to use parliamentary immunity despite having previous criticized the privilege and pledging never to avail himself of it.[12]

In 2017 Beppe Grillo announced that he would campaign in the 2018 election, but he would not be the candidate for the position of Prime Minister, even if many critics accused him of being, in case of an electoral win, the de facto head of government. Immediately, Di Maio was widely considered as the front runner and the most likely candidate for the premiership of Italy.[13] Di Maio had been often labeled as the most pragmatic and "institutional", but also the least populist Five Star politician; he is the son of a member of the neo-fascist Italian Social Movement and he is considered the leader of the moderate and "governmental" faction of the movement.[14][15] No other leading members of the M5S, such as Alessandro Di Battista (a politician, personal friend of Di Maio) or Roberto Fico (leader of the M5S left-wing faction and rival of Di Maio and Di Battista), will run for the office.[16]

Di Maio's opponents were the Senator Elena Fattori (Vice President of the 9th Permanent Senate Committee) and six other city councilors.[17] Many of them were almost unknown and this led to a lot of criticism from the Democratic Party, Lega Nord and Forza Italia,[18] which considered this ballot a false primary election, with the only aim of appointing Di Maio as M5S candidate without any real challenger.[19]

Di Maio at the Quirinal Palace in April 2018.

In September 2017 Di Maio was elected Prime Ministerial candidate and Political Head of the M5S, with more than 82% of the vote.[20]

In the 2018 general election, the M5S became the party with the largest number of votes and of parliamentary seats, while the centre-right alliance, in which Matteo Salvini's League emerged as the main political force, won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate and the centre-left coalition, led by former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, came third.[21] However, no political group or party won an outright majority, resulting in a hung parliament.[22]

On 7 April, Di Maio made an appeal to the PD to "bury the hatchet" and consider a governing coalition with his party.[23]

Electoral history[edit]

2018 general election (C): Acerra
Candidate Party Votes %
Luigi Di Maio Five Star Movement 95,219 63.4
Vittorio Sgarbi Centre-right coalition 30,596 20.4
Antonio Falcone Centre-left coalition 18,018 12.0
Others 6,315 4.1
Total 150,148 100.0

References[edit]

  1. ^ Di Maio candidato premier M5S con quasi 31mila voti
  2. ^ Luigi Di Maio, il padre Antonio e gli operai di Pomigliano: "Stava sempre coi fascisti"
  3. ^ M5s, i due padri fascisti antesignani del "vaffa": il lessico familiare di Di Maio e Di Battista
  4. ^ Scalfarotto attacca Di Maio: "Vorrei vedere il suo curriculum, non è nemmeno laureato"
  5. ^ M5S, conosciamo davvero Luigi Di Maio?
  6. ^ Manuela Perrone (22 September 2017). "Luigi Di Maio, il più politico del M5S "scala" il Movimento anti-politica". Il Sole 24 Ore. Retrieved 23 November 2017. 
  7. ^ "Di Maio? Ha fatto un solo mestiere: lo steward al San Paolo per vedersi il Napoli gratis"
  8. ^ "Blog di Beppe Grillo - Stiglitz e Le Liste Civiche". Beppegrillo.it. 15 April 2009. Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  9. ^ "DI MAIO Luigi - M5S". camera.it. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  10. ^ Pino Neri (22 March 2013). "Luigi Di Maio, il ventiseienne napoletano, nuovo vicepresidente della Camera". Il Mattino. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  11. ^ Comunarie Genova, Di Maio indagato per diffamazione
  12. ^ Di Maio non rinuncia all'immunità parlamentare. Il PD attacca il candidato premier grillino
  13. ^ Aldo Giannuli, storico consigliere di Grillo e Casaleggio: "Primarie bulgare per far vincere Di Maio"
  14. ^ Luigi Di Maio e i soliti ignoti. Un big e sette innocui carneadi alla corsa alla premiership M5S
  15. ^ M5s, i due padri fascisti antesignani del "vaffa": il lessico familiare di Di Maio e Di Battista
  16. ^ M5s, no di Fico e Di Battista: 7 candidati premier sfidano Di Maio
  17. ^ M5s, primarie in rete: 8 candidati premier. La senatrice Fattori sfida Di Maio. Rinunciano Fico, Morra e Di Battista
  18. ^ M5S. Oggi si vota il candidato premier. Sette 'sconosciuti' sfidano Di Maio
  19. ^ Un nome forte e percentuali bulgare: primarie M5s copiate (male) da Pd e Lega
  20. ^ M5s, Di Maio eletto candidato premier e nuovo capo politico. Ma alle primarie votano solo in 37 mila
  21. ^ "Elezioni politiche: vincono M5s e Lega. Crollo del Partito democratico. Centrodestra prima coalizione. Il Carroccio sorpassa Forza Italia". 4 March 2018. 
  22. ^ Sala, Alessandro. "Elezioni 2018: M5S primo partito, nel centrodestra la Lega supera FI". 
  23. ^ (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Five Star Movement (M5S) courts Democratic Party (PD) for Italian coalition | DW | 07.04.2018". DW.COM. Retrieved 2018-04-08. 

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