Luigi Facta

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Luigi Facta
Luigi Facta photo.jpg
Prime Minister of Italy
In office
26 February 1922 – 31 October 1922
MonarchVictor Emmanuel III
Preceded byIvanoe Bonomi
Succeeded byBenito Mussolini
Personal details
Born(1861-11-16)16 November 1861
Pinerolo, Kingdom of Italy
Died5 November 1930(1930-11-05) (aged 68)
Pinerolo, Kingdom of Italy
Political partyItalian Liberal Party (1922–1926)
Other political
Historical Right (1892–1913)
Liberal Union (1913–1922)

Luigi Facta (16 November 1861 – 5 November 1930) was an Italian politician, lawyer and journalist and the last Prime Minister of Italy before the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini.

Background and earlier career[edit]

Facta was born in Pinerolo, Piedmont, Italy. He studied law and later became a lawyer and journalist. He entered politics in 1892 when he was elected to the chamber of deputies for Pinerolo, a seat which he held for 30 years. Facta, a member of the Liberal Party, served as undersecretary of the justice and interior departments in the coalition cabinet for much of his time in Parliament. He was also the Italian Minister of Finance from 1910 until 1914 and 1920 until 1921. At the outbreak of World War I, Facta supported neutrality for Italy, but then supported the war when Italy entered it. His son was killed in the war, and he said that he was proud to give a son to his country.

Prime Minister of Italy[edit]

Facta was appointed Prime Minister in February 1922. At the time, Italy was in political turmoil and was dealing with Mussolini's fascist insurgency. When Mussolini decided to march on Rome, Facta reacted and wanted to declare martial law and send the army to stop Mussolini. Such a declaration needed to bear the monarch's signature before it could take effect. Facta always refused to explain the secret reasons that brought King Victor Emmanuel III not to sign the declaration of emergency. The following day, Facta and his government resigned to demonstrate they did not approve of the King's decision. The King then requested that Mussolini come to Rome to form a new government.

Later life; death and legacy[edit]

In 1924, King Victor Emmanuel III named Facta senator in Italian Senate.

Facta died in Pinerolo, Italy, in 1930, with the general population believing him to have been too feeble and faithful to the King to take a more active role in stopping Mussolini and the rise of Fascism.[1]


  1. ^ Carsten, Francis L. (1982). The rise of fascism (2nd ed., 1st paperback printing. ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 62. ISBN 9780520046436.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Italy
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Ivanoe Bonomi
Italian Minister of the Interior
Succeeded by