Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano

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Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano
Dean of the College of Cardinals
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed30 November 1896
Term ended7 December 1913
PredecessorRaffaele Monaco La Valletta
SuccessorSerafino Vannutelli
Other post(s)
OrdinationFebruary 1851
Consecration13 May 1866
by Lodovico Altieri
Created cardinal22 December 1873
by Pope Pius IX
RankCardinal-Priest (1874–84)
Cardinal-Bishop (1884–1913)
Personal details
Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano

9 July 1828
Died7 December 1913(1913-12-07) (aged 85)
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
BuriedCampo Verano
ParentsCarlo Giuseppe Luigi Oreglia
Teresa Gotti di Selerano
Previous post(s)
Alma materPontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles
Styles of
Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeePalestrina (suburbicarian), Ostia e Velletri (suburbicarian)

Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano (9 July 1828, Bene Vagienna, Italy – 7 December 1913, Rome, Italy) was a cardinal of the Catholic Church in the late nineteenth century. He was Bishop of Ostia e Velletri and Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals from 1896 until his death.


He was educated in Turin and became a priest in 1851. After that, he soon rose to become domestic prelate of Pope Pius IX by 1857 and was internuncio in the Netherlands from 1863 to 1866. In May of that year he was elected titular archbishop of Tamiathis and served as papal nuncio to Belgium from then until 1868, when he was moved to Portugal. He remained as nuncio until his promotion to the cardinalate when he was returned to Rome.

On 22 December 1873 Oreglia was created a cardinal by Pius IX and two years later he became Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Indulgences and Relics. He participated in the 1878 conclave that elected Pope Leo XIII and that pope appointed him Camerlengo on 27 March 1882. Although Oreglia was forced to relinquish the post a year later, he became Camerlengo once more in 1885 and retained that post right up to his death 28 years later. During this period he rose gradually to become sub-Dean of the College in 1889 and to Dean in 1896.

When Leo XIII died in 1903, Cardinal Oreglia was the sole cardinal elevated by Pope Pius IX. As the only elector in the 1903 conclave with previous experience in electing a pope, and being the leader of the ultraconservative curial faction within the college who wanted a more intransigent pontiff than Leo, Oreglia is widely believed to have played a prominent role in the election of Giuseppe Sarto as Pius X. Indeed, some students of the papacy believe that without the guidance of Oreglia, Cardinal Sarto would have refused the papacy even when he had obtained 55 of the 60 available votes.

Oreglia is also said to have vehemently protested against the announcement by Cardinal Jan Puzyna de Kosielsko regarding the civil veto of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria against the name of Cardinal Mariano Rampolla, Leo's Secretary of State. Oreglia is also rumored to have prohibited the use of the method of election known as accessus in the 1903 Conclave[1] that elected Pope Pius X.

Oreglia retained his positions with the College of Cardinals until his death in 1913 at the age of 85.



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Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Cardinal Priest of Santa Anastasia
16 January 1874 – 24 March 1884
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal Bishop of Palestrina
24 March 1884 – 24 May 1889
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina
24 May 1889 – 30 November 1896
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal Bishop of Ostia-Velletri
30 November 1896 – 7 December 1913
Succeeded by