14 March 2004 – 19 April 2010
José Luis Bárcenas Gutíerrez
October 22, 1957
|Political party||Partido Popular|
|Spouse(s)||Rosalía Iglesias Villar|
José Luis Bárcenas Gutiérrez (born October 22, 1957 in Huelva, Spain) served as party treasurer of Spain's Partido Popular (PP, People's Party) and a senator. Formerly a key player in his party's accounts department, since 2009 he has been embroiled in political corruption scandals. In 2018 he was sentenced to a 33 year prison term and a €44 million euro fine for his role in the Gürtel trial.
Luis Bárcenas started working in the People's Party accounts department in 1990, and he became the chief administrator of the party in 1993. In 2008, the president of the party, Mariano Rajoy, personally chose him as Treasurer to replace Álvaro Lapuerta. He pursued a parallel career as a politician, and in 2004 and 2008 was elected to represent Cantabria in the Senate.
His time as treasurer was short, as he "temporarily" resigned in 2009 when his implication in the Gürtel scandal became too much of a public embarrassment for the party. Bárcenas stood down from the Senate in 2010, and his resignation as treasurer was made definitive. Until early 2013, he nonetheless retained access to a private office at the PP headquarters and continued to receive payments from the party equivalent to his salary, under circumstances which are disputed.
In 2011 the case against him was put on hold because of uncertainty regarding the identification of individuals described by initials or an alias (it had been claimed that the alias "Luis el cabrón" referred to Bárcenas). However, the case was reopened in 2012 and he was accused of "tax fraud and of receiving illegal payments". The controversy around him further flared up in January 2013, when the Swiss authorities informed the Gürtel investigation that he held a Swiss bank account that had contained €22 million. (It later emerged that he controlled significant further funds in that country). Additionally, he admitted using the 2012 tax amnesty voted by the PP to legalize €10 million hidden through a Uruguayan company.
The Bárcenas papers
In 2013 Spain's two main dailies, El Mundo (center-right) and El País (center-left), alleged that the PP had used unofficial parallel accounting to hide slush money from illegal donations. Two former treasurers, Bárcenas and his predecessor Lapuerta, allegedly used these illegal donations in part "to make under-the-table payments to PP leaders". The donations in question appeared to contravene party financing laws on two counts: first, for exceeding the 60,000-euro limit for any one individual or company; second, many alleged donors were involved in the construction sector and were simultaneously being awarded government contracts. However, there were indications that measures had been taken to keep donations within the letter of the law.
El País published facsimiles of handwritten "secret ledgers" (purportedly in Bárcenas' hand) suggesting that Mariano Rajoy, the Prime Minister of Spain, María Dolores de Cospedal, the Secretary-General of the People's Party, and many other high ranking PP officials, received undeclared money. Initially all implicated politicians, including Bárcenas, strongly denied any wrongdoing. However, in July 2013, shortly after Bárcenas' imprisonment, El Mundo reported that Bárcenas accepted that there had been irregular funding of the People's Party.
There has been speculation that the money Bárcenas kept in Switzerland was connected to party funding. Such a connection has been denied by Bárcenas and the People's Party, but has been supported by the testimony of Francisco Correa. Bárcenas has said that the money in question came from his own business interests. One of these interests was claimed to be art dealing, supposedly a cash-rich activity.
Imprisonment, release on bail and trial
Facing a range of charges including tax fraud and money-laundering, on June 27, 2013 Bárcenas was sent to prison pending trial. The decision not to grant bail at that time was taken by judge Pablo Ruz to "avoid the risk of flight and ensure the preservation of sources of evidence". He was released on bail in January 2015. Judge Ruz had announced the previous summer that he was in a position to proceed against 45 Gurtel suspects, including Bárcenas.
Because of the size of the case (Gurtel is described in Spanish as a macrojuicio or "mega-trial"), it was divided into different "epochs". The trial began in October 2016 with 1999-2005 as the epoch under investigation. Verdicts in respect of these initial proceedings were announced in May 2018. On May 24, 2018, Bárcenas was given a 33 year prison sentence while his wife Rosalía Iglesias was given a 15 year sentence.
Bárcenas is married to Rosalía Iglesias Villar, who was also sentenced to a prison term in May 2018. The couple´s son Guillermo is a musician, known for his participation in a group called Taburete.
- "Rosalía Iglesias Villar: la esposa de Bárcenas o la mujer de los 11 millones". 7 March 2013.
- Guillermo Bárcenas: "No sé lo que es un 'hipster'"
- Jones, Sam (2018-05-24). "Court finds Spain's ruling party benefited from bribery scheme". The Guardian.
- "Another Blow". The Economist. 9 February 2013.
- Bárcenas demanda al PP por despido improcedente. El País. Retrieved 26/02/2013.
- País, Ediciones El (4 November 2013). "Bárcenas controlled PP accounts until 2011, court papers show".
- "Key Players: Spanish Ruling Party 'Slush Fund'". BBC. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- "Luis Barcenas: Spain Popular Party's ex-treasurer in jail". 27 June 2013 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Barcenas pide". Publico. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- "Spain's Ruling Party to Probe Swiss Bank Account Scandal". EFE. 18 January 2013.
- "Un constructor reconoce...", Publico
- "Spain Ruling Party Faces Inquiry Over 'Slush Fund'". BBC. 1 February 2013.
- "Spain: Rajoy Man Barcenas Arrives for Questioning". BBC. 6 February 2013.
- Burgen, Stephen (21 July 2013). "Spanish PM Mariano Rajoy keeps counsel as corruption allegations fly". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- "Judge gives banks deadline to hand over information about ex-PP treasurer". El País (English edition). April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
- Jimenez, Miguel (3 February 2013). "Las claves de las notas de Bárcenas". El País (in Spanish).
- Francisco Correa admite comisiones para el Partido Popular pero evita acusar a la cúpula. El Mundo
- Perez, Fernando (April 2013). Bárcenas viajó 15 veces a Suiza para depositar un total de 2,43 millones, El País.
- Spain: Judge jails former ruling party treasurer." AP Online. Press Association, Inc. 2013. Retrieved 9 Jul. 2013 via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
- "Bárcenas, en la cárcel. Prisión incondicional sin fianza para el ex tesorero del PP". El Mundo. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- "Auto del Juez de ingreso en prisión" (PDF). Juzgado de Instrucción. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
Media related to Luis Bárcenas at Wikimedia Commons