Luis Barceló

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Luis Barceló
Birth nameLuis Barceló Jover
Born1896
Madrid, Kingdom of Spain
Died15 March 1939 (aged 42–43)
Madrid, Spain
AllegianceSecond Spanish Republic Spanish Republic
Service/branchArmy
RankColonel
Commands heldCommander of the 35th Mixed Brigade (1936)
2nd Division (1937)
I Army Corps of the Army of the Centre (1939)
Battles/warsSpanish Civil War

Luis Barceló Jover (1896 – 15 March 1939) was a Spanish military officer.

Spanish Civil War[edit]

A professional officer of the Spanish Army, he supported the Republican government during the Spanish Civil War. In 1936 he was a major of the Spanish army. In July 1936 he was one of the officers who set up summary courts to try the rebel officers captured after the failure of the coup in Madrid.[1] In September 1936, he took part in the Siege of the Alcazar.[2] Later he joined the PCE, and led one mixed brigade of Modesto's division in the Second Battle of the Corunna Road.[3] Later, he was promoted to colonel and, on June 1937 he was one of the republican commanders in the Segovia Offensive.[4] In 1939, he was the commander of the I Corps of the Republican Army of the Centre.

The Casado coup[edit]

On March 5, 1939, the Colonel Segismundo Casado, an officer of the Republican Army, supported a section of the PSOE (Julian Besteiro), a section of the UGT (Wenceslao Carrillo), the CNT (Cipriano Mera), the general Manuel Matallana and the secret service of the Republic (SIM), deposed the prime minister, Juan Negrin, and established the National Defence Council (Consejo Nacional de Defensa) in order to start peace negotiations with Francisco Franco. The Council dismissed the Communist commanders of the I, II, and III Corps of the Army of the Centre, among them Barceló, but he rejected the authority of the Council, and on March 7 he appointed himself as Commander of the Army of the Centre, setting up his headquarters in the Pardo Palace,[5] and entered with his troops in Madrid,[6] supported by the Bueno's II Corps and the Ortega's III Corps, starting a brief civil war inside the Republic. After some days of bloody combats he was defeated by Cipriano Mera's IV Corps[7] and surrendered himself to the Council on March 12. On March 13, he and his commissar Jose Conesa, were sentenced to death by a military tribunal and executed.[8][9][10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. pp.236-237
  2. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.398
  3. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. pp.474-478
  4. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.668
  5. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.394
  6. ^ Preston, Paul, (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Reaction, revolution&revenge. Harper Perennial. London. p.298
  7. ^ Preston, Paul. (1995). Franco. Fontana Press. London.p.321
  8. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. pp.882-884
  9. ^ Preston, Paul, (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Reaction, revolution&revenge. Harper Perennial. London. p.298
  10. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.394

References[edit]

  • Beevor, Antony. (2006). The battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil war, 1936–1939. Penguin Books. London. ISBN 978-0-14-303765-1.
  • Preston, Paul. (1995). Franco. Fontana Press. London. ISBN 978-0-00-686210-9.
  • Preston, Paul. (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Reaction, Revolution & Revenge. Harper Perennial. London. ISBN 978-0-00-723207-9. ISBN 0-00-723207-1.
  • Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. 2001. London. ISBN 978-0-14-101161-5