This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (July 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Luis Alfredo Garavito Cubillos
Luis Alfredo Garavito Cubillos
January 25, 1957
|Other names||The Beast|
|Criminal penalty||1,853 years in prison|
|Victims||138 confirmed, claimed 400|
|April 22, 1999|
Luis Alfredo Garavito Cubillos (born January 25, 1957), also known as La Bestia ("The Beast") or Tribilín (named after the Disney character "Goofy") is a Colombian rapist and serial killer. In 1999, he admitted to the rape, torture and murder of 138 children and teenagers. His victims, based on the locations of skeletons listed on maps that Garavito drew in prison, could exceed 300; Garavito continues to confess to more murders. He has been described by local media as "the world's worst serial killer." The Guinness Book of World Records lists another Colombian, Pedro Alonso López, known here as ''the Monster of the Andes,'' as the largest-scale serial killer of modern times. However, in terms of the number of confirmed victims Garavito tops the list followed by López. The judicial body ruled that all Garavito's sentences total 1,853 years and nine days in jail.
Garavito started working as soon as he left home, traveling a substantial amount to keep up with the job demands in Colombia. Although he frequently moved, Garavito had a girlfriend. His girlfriend had a small child which she recalls him getting along with very well. Garavito was known by his friends to be kind, yet easily angered.
Victim type and killing patterns
Garavito's victims were clearly identified by their age, gender and social status. Garavito targeted boys between the ages of 6 to 16 who were either homeless, peasants, or orphaned. He would approach the young boys, either on the crowded streets or alone in the countryside, and lure them away by bribing them with small gifts such as money, candy or odd jobs. He offered easy work for money and even disguised himself as different characters who could be seen as legitimately offering work to the boy, such as a priest, a farmer, a homeless man, a street vendor, a drug dealer, an elderly man, and a gambler. To prevent suspicions about his activities from developing, Garavito would change his disguise often.
Once he had the trust of a child, Garavito would walk with the boy until they were tired and vulnerable, which then made them easy to handle. First, their hands were bound. Then, Garavito would remove all their clothes, and proceed to torture, rape, and sometimes decapitate them. Usually the boy would endure prolonged rape and torture by having his buttocks stabbed and sharpened objects inserted into his anus; his testicles were often severed and placed into his mouth. The bodies of the children were all found completely naked, and all bore bite marks and signs of anal penetration; bottles of lubricant were found near the bodies, along with empty liquor bottles. Most corpses showed signs of prolonged torture.
Beginning in 1992, boys between the ages of 6 through 16 began disappearing rapidly from the streets of Colombia. Due to the decades long civil war, many children in Colombia were poor, homeless, or orphaned. For years, these murders had gone unnoticed because many of the victims had no police report filed on their disappearance. Clusters of bodies had begun popping up all over Colombia, yet authorities did not take much notice until 1997, when mass graves were uncovered.
This large number of missing children called for a widespread investigation, as these killings were not confined to a specific area. In February 1998, outside the town of Génova, Colombia, the bodies of two naked children were found lying next to each other on a hill. The next day, only meters away, another child's naked body was found. All three bodies had their hands bound and bore signs of sexual abuse. The victims' necks were severely cut, and bruises were on their backs, genitals, legs and buttocks. The murder weapon was found in the same area as the bodies. A note that had been found at the crime scene had an address written on it; this information led them to Garavito's girlfriend.
She was contacted, but told police that she had not seen Garavito in months. She did, however, give to the police a bag that he had left in her possession, which contained a number of Garavito’s belongings. These items included pictures of young boys, detailed journals of his murders, tally marks of his victims, and bills. This new information led them to Garavito's residence, but the property was vacant. Detectives believed that Garavito was either traveling for work or away attempting to find his next victim. He was picked up by the local police just a few days later, on an unrelated charge of attempted rape against an adolescent boy. A homeless man had been close enough to observe the struggle between Garavito and the child, and felt it necessary to rescue the adolescent. He was arrested and, unbeknownst to them, the police had in their custody the man who was the most wanted killer in Colombia.
Arrest, confession, and sentencing
Garavito was arrested on April 22, 1999, on separate charges of attempted rape. Garavito was questioned about the local killings and his attempted rape charges. Police speculated that Garavito had planned on killing the young boy if the bystander had not interceded. After a short interrogation, detectives suspected Garavito of being La Bestia, although Garavito had insisted on his innocence. The detailed description of his killings brought Garavito to tears.
For Colombia's Justice Department, Garavito's confession was not enough. Garavito had an eye condition which was rare and only found in men in a particular age group. His glasses were specifically designed for his unique condition. These particular glasses were found at the site of a mass grave. Garavito also left behind empty liquor bottles, his underwear, and occasionally his shoes. DNA was found on the victims, along with the other items left behind. Police scheduled the entire jail where Garavito was being detained to get an eye exam; the outcome of his eye exam would help police pair the glasses to Garavito. By making it mandatory for all the prisoners, it reduced Garavito's suspicion, and kept him from lying about his eyesight.
While Garavito was out of his cell, detectives took DNA samples from his pillow and living area. The DNA found on the victims was a match to the DNA found in Garavito's cell. Garavito confessed to murdering 140 children, and was charged with killing 172 altogether throughout Colombia. He was found guilty on 138 of the 172 accounts; the others are ongoing. Garavito was sentenced to 1,853 years and 9 days in prison, the lengthiest sentence in Colombian history. However, Colombian law limits imprisonment to 40 years—and because Garavito helped police find the victims' bodies, his sentence was further reduced to 22 years.
Garavito is serving his sentence in a Colombian prison, the exact location of which is unavailable to the public. Worried about his safety and well-being, Garavito has made an arrangement with police. Police cooperation and his continued good behavior have ensured Garavito's safety within the prison walls. He is held separately from all other prisoners because it is feared that he would be killed immediately. He is paranoid of being poisoned. Therefore, he only accepts drinks given directly to him by individuals whom he trusts. His guards are on very good terms with Garavito because he is relaxed, positive and respectful towards them. He is considered to be a well-behaved inmate with a positive attitude. He is scheduled to be released in 2021. Colombian law, however, says that those who have committed crimes against children do not receive any benefit with justice[clarification needed] and are required to spend at least 60 years of their sentence in prison. The number of years Garavito will spend in jail could be as high as 80.
Many Colombians criticized the possibility of Garavito's early release. In recent years, Colombians have increasingly felt that Garavito's sentence was not sufficient punishment for his crimes. Some[who?] have argued he deserves either life in prison or the death penalty, neither of which exist in Colombia. Colombian law had no provision or method to impose a sentence longer than what Garavito received, which was seen as a deficiency in the law caused by the failure to address the possibility of a serial killer in Colombian society. The law has since increased the maximum penalty for such crimes to 60 years in prison.
TV host and journalist Guillermo Prieto La Rotta, popularly known as Pirry, interviewed Garavito for a show which aired on June 11, 2006. Pirry mentioned that, during the interview, Garavito tried to minimize his actions and expressed intent to start a political career in order to help abused children. Pirry also described Garavito's conditions in prison and commented that due to good behavior, he could probably apply for early release within three years.
- Benecke, Mark (2005). Murderous Methods: Using Forensic Science to Solve Lethal Crimes. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-13118-6.
- Peter Vronsky (2004). Serial Killers: The Method and Madness of Monsters. Berkley Books. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-425-19640-3.
- M. Benecke; A. Mätzler; M. Rodriquez; A. Zabeck (September 2005). "Two Homosexual Pedophile Sadistic Serial Killers:Jürgen Bartsch (Germany, 1946-1976) and Luis Alfredo Garavito Cubillos (Colombia, 1957)" (PDF). 125 (3). Minerva Medicolegale: 153–169. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- Rohter, Larry (1 November 1999). "Behind a Grisly Confession, the Torn Lives of Colombian Children". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 October 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
- "List of serial killers by number of victims", Wikipedia, 2018-10-22, retrieved 2018-10-25
- "World: Americas: Colombian child killer confesses". BBC News. BBC Online Network. 30 October 1999. Archived from the original on 25 January 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- "Serial Killer Documentary Luis Alfredo Garavito". Discovery Channel. Discovery Channel. 1 September 2016. Archived from the original on 10 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
- Benecke, pp. 161–162
- "Two homosexual pedophile sadistic serial killers". Dr. Mark Benecke (in German). Archived from the original on 4 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
- Benecke, p. 162
- "Condenan a 1853 años de cárcel al mayor asesino en serie de Colombia". Caracol Radio (in Spanish). 3 November 2001. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
- Benecke, p. 166
- "Rebajan la condena del asesino en serie Luis Alfredo Garavito" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
- "172 niños víctimas de Luis Alfredo Garavito" (in Spanish). Fiscalía General de la Nación. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
- Blanco, Juan Ignacio. "Luis Alfredo Garavito". murderpedia.org.
- "Man admits killing 140 children in Colombia". CNN. 30 October 1999. Archived from the original on 7 September 2005.
- "Pirry entrevista a Luis Alfredo Garavito". Universia (in Spanish). 7 June 2006. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011.