Luis Jiménez de Asúa
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Luis Jiménez de Asúa (June 19, 1889 in Madrid - November 16, 1970 in Buenos Aires) was a jurist and Spanish politician. He was vice president of the Spanish parliament and representative of that country before the United Nations. During the Francoist dictatorship he exiled himself to Argentina. In 1962 he was named president of the Spanish Republican government in Exile.
A professor of penal law at the Central University of Madrid). He was confined to the Islas Chafarinas in 1926, for his protest against the exile of Miguel de Unamuno by the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera. In 1931 he entered in the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and was made a deputy in the Cortes Generales, presiding over the parliamentary commission that had been drafting the Constitution. Director of the Institute of Penal Studies, created by Victoria Kent, he participated in the writing of the Criminal Code of 1932.
Belonging to the moderate wing of the PSOE, he was elected vice president of the Cortes Generales in the Spanish general election, 1936. During the Spanish Civil War he occupied diplomatic charges of the Republic in Poland and Czechoslovakia and represented Spain in the League of Nations. Once the war was lost, he was exiled to Argentina in 1939, where he continued his educational career at the National University of La Plata and the National University of the Littoral and the High School of Penal Law and Criminology at the University of Buenos Aires until the Revolución Argentina of 1966. He directed the Magazine of Criminal Law and Criminology until his death. His Tratado de Derecho Penal in seven volumes, has been respected as a masterpieces of the matter. The Brazilian criminal lawyer Nelson Hungary has said that:
If by an atomic catastrophe all the writings on criminal law were lost except the Tratado of Jiménez de Asúa, the future generations would have lost nothing.— Nelson Hungary
He maintained a close relation with the student organization reformists of Argentina. Among his disciples was Guillermo Estévez Boero, who would be a president of the Argentine University Federation and then national representative of the Socialist Party of Argentina.
- El Derecho penal del porvenir (1916)
- El estado de necesidad (1922)
- Al servicio del Derecho penal
- La teoría jurídica del delito (1931)
- Psicoanálisis criminal (1940) Buenos Aires, Losada.
- El criminalista (1941-1949, 8 vols)
- La Constitución política de la democracia española (1942)
- La ley y el delito (1945)
- La Constitución de la democracia española y el problema regional (1946)
- Tratado de Derecho penal (1949-1963, 7 vols.).
- Nelson Hungary cited in the prologue to "Lombroso", by Luis Jiménez de Asúa, Notebooks of the Center of Right and Social Sciences (FUBA), Buenos Aires, Editorial Perrot, 1960.