Luis José de Orbegoso

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Luis José de Orbegoso
Orbegoso1.jpg
11th and 12th President of Peru
In office
April 34, 1834 – February 23, 1835
Preceded by Pedro Pablo Bermúdez
Succeeded by Felipe Santiago Salaverry
In office
December 21, 1833 – January 4, 1834
Preceded by Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro
Succeeded by Pedro Pablo Bermúdez
1st President of North Peru
In office
21 August, 1837 – 30 July, 1838
Preceded by (Republic created)
Succeeded by José de la Riva Agüero
Personal details
Born August 25, 1795
Chuquizongo, Huamachuco
Died February 5, 1847(1847-02-05) (aged 51)
Trujillo, Peru
Nationality Peruvian
Profession Soldier

Luis José de Orbegoso y Moncada-Galindo, de Burutarán y Morales 5th conde de Olmos (August 25, 1795 – February 5, 1847), an aristocratic Peruvian soldier and politician, served as the 11th and 12th President of Peru as well as the first President of North Peru. This was a time of profound social instability and continuing civil war which led his government to coexist with that of Pedro Pablo Bermúdez, and later with Felipe Santiago Salaverry.

Orbegoso was born in Chuquizongo, Huamachuco, in 1799. His parents were Justo de Orbegoso y Burutarán and Francisca Moncada-Galindo y Morales, 4th countess of Olmos. He participated with José de San Martín in the war for independence and in the war against Gran Colombia during the government of José de La Mar. After the collapse of Agustín Gamarra's first government, Orbegoso was elected president in 1833, winning over Pedro Pablo Bermúdez, whom Gamarra had preferred as his successor.

During his government, he suffered the enmity of Gamarra, who while in exile had supported Bermúdez in his eventual presidency. Orbegoso had also to deal with the young Felipe Santiago Salaverry, who overthrew him 1835. Orbegoso, however, did not lose the support of southern Peru and, with the support of then President of Bolivia, Andrés de Santa Cruz, he regained his leadership throughout the country and executed Salaverry. In retribution to the support he received from Santa Cruz, he acceded to form the new Peru-Bolivian Confederacy. Santa Cruz assumed the "Supreme Protectorship" of the confederation and Orbegoso maintained only the presidency of the Republic of North Peru.

After being defeated by Gamarra's efforts to regain power with the support of Chile, Orbegoso had to abandon the country, returning later and staying away from an active political life. He died in Trujillo in 1847.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro
President of Peru
1833
Succeeded by
Pedro Pablo Bermúdez
Preceded by
Pedro Pablo Bermúdez
President of Peru
1834–1835
Succeeded by
Felipe Santiago Salaverry
Preceded by
(Republic created)
President of North Peru
1837–1838
Succeeded by
José de la Riva Agüero