Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport
|Luis Muñoz Marín
Luis Muñoz Marín
|IATA: SJU – ICAO: TJSJ – FAA LID: SJU|
|Owner||Puerto Rico Ports Authority|
|Operator||Aerostar Airport Holdings|
|Serves||San Juan, Puerto Rico|
|Location||Carolina, Puerto Rico|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||9 ft / 3 m|
The Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport (IATA: SJU, ICAO: TJSJ, FAA LID: SJU) (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Luis Muñoz Marín, unofficially known as Isla Verde International Airport/Aeropuerto Internacional de Isla Verde) is a joint civil-military international airport named for Puerto Rico's first democratically elected governor and located in Carolina, Puerto Rico, three miles (five kilometres) southeast of San Juan. It is the busiest airport in the Caribbean region by passenger traffic. Over 4 million passengers board a plane at the airport per year according to the Federal Aviation Administration.
The airport is owned by the Puerto Rico Ports Authority and managed by Aerostar Airport Holdings, a public-private partnership which was awarded a lease by the government of Puerto Rico to operate and manage the airport for 40 years beginning in 2013. SJU is the second international airport to be privatized in the United States and its territories, and, as of 2013, is the only currently privatized airport in the nation. Taxis and rental cars can transport travelers to and from the airport. The airport serves as a gateway to the Caribbean islands.
Until 1955, Fernando Luis Ribas Dominicci Airport (Isla Grande Airport) was Puerto Rico's main international airport. This began to change at the start of the jet age, when many of the airlines that served Puerto Rico were changing from propeller to jet aircraft. Isla Grande's 5,000-foot (1,500 m) runway was not long enough for jets, so in 1951 Governor Luis Muñoz Marin authorized construction of a new airport. The airport would be a major meeting point[clarification needed] for tourists and air cargo, and the home of the Puerto Rico Air National Guard.
The airport opened on May 22, 1955 in the area known as Isla Verde in Carolina, Puerto Rico. It opened with one runway (Runway 8/26), the old tower, which today is on the top of the Airport Hotel, three terminals, and parking for 200 cars. In the late 1960s construction of Runway 10/28 began; it was finished by 1972. In 1985 Governor Rafael Hernández Colón named the airport after Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rico's first democratically elected governor. The airport served as a Caribbean hub for Pan Am, Trans Caribbean Airways, Eastern Air Lines, and as a short lived focus city for TWA. It was also the hub of Puerto Rico's international airline, Prinair, from 1966 until 1984, when Prinair went bankrupt. In 1986 American Airlines and American Eagle established a hub to compete with Eastern Air Lines. American later ended hub operations due to flight capacity cuts and continued to operate a focus city until April 4, 2011. American Eagle service, operated by San Juan-based Executive Airlines with ATR-72s, was shut down on April 1, 2013. In the past, the airport has been served by now-defunct airlines like Caribair (based in San Juan), ATA Airlines, and Northwest Airlines.
In 2008 the airport has been receiving major upgrades, including a new terminal (Terminal A), pavement and expansions, new light systems, press conference rooms, and new fast food restaurants along its corridors. New airlines have begun operating from San Juan to other international routes and destinations.
In 2013, Agustín Arellano, CEO of Aerostar Airport Holdings, LLC, announced major upgrades to the airport. JetBlue's new Terminal A will also receive improvements.
Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport is Puerto Rico's main international gateway and its main connection to the United States. Domestic flights fly between Carolina and other local destinations, including Culebra, Mayagüez and Vieques. The airport is accessed from the San Juan district of Hato Rey, the island's financial district, via the Teodoro Moscoso Bridge. Old San Juan is accessed via the Baldorioty de Castro Expressway (PR-26). The airport serves as the Caribbean hub for Cape Air, Air Sunshine, and Seaborne Airlines, as well as a focus city for JetBlue Airways. JetBlue is the largest carrier in San Juan, with 51 daily flights on an average day.
Luis Muñoz Marín Airport has one main terminal building with four concourses and a separate terminal with one concourse. Terminal B reopened after a $130 million renovation in December 2014, with Delta, United, Southwest, and Spirit as its tenants (with all operations moved in by February 2015). Terminal C reopened from its $55 million renovation on March 2016. The letter designation for Terminal C was discontinued, and the concourse was instead added as an extension to Terminal B. The Terminal B extension now services Volaris, Copa, Avianca, Condor, Norwegian, LIAT, Air Antilles Express, Inter Caribbean and American Airlines. Both terminals feature high-end retail stores and new restaurants, improved seating as well as automated baggage scanners currently used only by six other airports in the mainland U.S.
Airlines and destinations
- ^1 Norwegian Air Shuttle's flight from Copenhagen to San Juan is nonstop, while the flight from San Juan to Copenhagen stops in St. Croix. However, the airline does not have cabotage rights to transport passengers solely between San Juan and St. Croix.
|Air Sunshine||Anguilla, Dominica–Melville Hall, Nevis, Sint Maarten, Tortola, Virgin Gorda, Antigua, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Grenada, Trinidad, Dominican Republic, Turks and Caicos, Aruba, Curaçao, Barbados|
|Fly BVI Ltd - Caribbean Air Charter||Anegada, Tortola, Virgin Gorda|
|Eastern Air Lines||Seasonal: Punta Cana|
|Miami Air||Seasonal: Punta Cana|
|Orange Air||Seasonal: Orlando/Sanford, Punta Cana|
|Rainbow International Airlines||Anguilla|
|Songbird Airways||Seasonal: Punta Cana|
|Sunwing Airlines||Seasonal: Punta Cana|
|Swift Air||Seasonal: Cancún, Havana, Punta Cana|
|World Atlantic Airlines||Seasonal: Punta Cana, Santo Domingo|
|Xtra Airways||Seasonal: Punta Cana, Orlando|
|Year||Total passengers||% Change|
|1||New York–JFK, New York||623,780||American, Delta, JetBlue|
|2||Orlando, Florida||499,690||JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit|
|4||Fort Lauderdale, Florida||373,910||JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit|
|6||Newark, New Jersey||221,350||JetBlue, United|
|7||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||187,010||American/US Airways|
|8||Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois||166,410||American, JetBlue, United|
|10||Charlotte, North Carolina||146,330||American/US Airways|
|1||Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic||110,611||JetBlue, Seaborne|
|2||Saint Thomas, US Virgin Islands||90,919||Air Sunshine, Cape Air, JetBlue, Seaborne|
|3||Punta Cana, Dominican Republic||77,564||JetBlue, Seaborne, charter airlines (27,764)|
|4||Panama City, Panama||69,871||Copa|
|5||St. Croix, US Virgin Islands||56,676||Cape Air, JetBlue, Seaborne|
|6||Tortola, British Virgin Islands||47,940||Air Sunshine, Cape Air, Seaborne|
|7||Philipsburg, Sint Maarten||30,636||JetBlue, Seaborne|
|8||Santiago, Dominican Republic||26,481||JetBlue, Seaborne|
|10||Madrid, Spain||21,019||Air Europa|
|11||Toronto, Canada||14,358||Air Canada, WestJet|
- United States Air Force
- Puerto Rico Air National Guard
Accidents and incidents
- On March 5, 1969, Prinair Flight 277, a de Havilland Heron from St. Thomas, United States Virgin Islands, was attempting to land at the airport when it crashed into mountainous terrain near Luquillo, killing all 19 on board. An NTSB investigation found that an air traffic controller at the airport mistakenly thought the aircraft was near San Juan when it actually was near Fajardo instead.
- On December 31, 1972, baseball star Roberto Clemente and his companions died when their DC-7 crashed soon after takeoff from Isla Verde during a relief flight bound for Nicaragua. Neither the bodies of the victims nor the plane's wreckage were ever found.
- On June 27, 1985, an American Airlines DC-10-10 registered N129AA operating Flight 633 to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport with 257 passengers on board aborted take-off from runway 8 after a loud rumbling sound was heard by the crew as the airplane approached V1. Unable to stop the aircraft on the runway, the aircraft ended up nose-first in the lagoon at the end of the runway. A nose gear tire blowout was suspected. There were no fatalities, and aircraft returned to service six months later.
- On July 29, 1986, a Borinquen Air Douglas C-53D registered N27PR crashed into a lagoon on approach. The aircraft was on a cargo flight to Golden Rock Airport, Saint Kitts and Nevis, when the starboard engine failed shortly after take-off and the crew decided to return to Carolina. One of the two crew members was killed, the other was seriously injured.
- On March 1, 1989, a Borinquen Air Douglas C-49J registered N28PR ditched on approach following a failure of the port engine. Although the landing gear was retracted, the crew did not feather the propellor. This resulted in increased drag which made flight impossible. The aircraft was on an international cargo flight from Golden Rock Airport, Saint Kitts and Nevis.
- On September 17, 1989, a Tol Air Services Douglas C-47A registered N100DW was damaged beyond economic repair by Hurricane Hugo.
- On July 9, 1998, an American Airlines Airbus A300B4-605R registered N80057 operating flight 574 had a fire in the No. 1 engine shortly after takeoff from Luis Munoz Marin International Airport. The airplane sustained minor damage. The captain, first officer, 7 flight attendants, and 215 passengers were not injured. Twenty-eight passengers reported minor injuries during the post-landing emergency evacuation.
- On September 24, 1998, a Trans-Florida Airlines Convair 240-13 registered N91237 had an engine problem on take-off. It attempted to return to the airport, but lost altitude and was forced to land in a salt water lagoon some 2 miles (3.2 km) short of the runway. Though the aircraft was written off, the two crew and one passenger were uninjured.
- On April 4, 2001, a Roblex Aviation Douglas DC-3A registered N19BA ditched in the ocean after suffering a double engine failure while on a local training flight. Both crew members escaped. The aircraft sustained minor damage.
- On May 9, 2004, an American Eagle ATR-72 operating flight 5401 crashed in San Juan, Puerto Rico after the captain lost control of the aircraft while landing. Seventeen people were injured, but there were no fatalities.
- On March 15, 2012, a Jet One Express cargo Convair 440 operating a flight to St. Maarten crashed near the airport, killing its two occupants. The plane went down in a lagoon after the pilot reported engine trouble.
- On August 9, 2014, a JetBlue Airbus A321 operating flight 704 to JFK International Airport, New York had to abort takeoff after one of the engines caught fire. All 186 passengers were evacuated from the aircraft. Two women were slightly hurt during evacuation.
In popular culture
- The airport is featured in Hunter S. Thompson's novel The Rum Diary.
- In the 1982 movie Conexión Caribe, music group Los Chicos arrived at the Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport from the Dominican Republic on board an Oceanair airplane.
- Music group Menudo recorded a music video for their song "Claridad", in 1981 at the nearby Isla Verde Beach in Piñones. A Lockheed L-1011 aircraft is seen landing at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport in the video.
- The airport is seen in several scenes of action film Illegal Tender, where a Puerto Rican youngster flies to the Island from the United States several times.
- FAA Airport Master Record for SJU ( PDF), effective March 15, 2007
- "Air Traffic Activity System (ATADS)". Federal Aviation Administration. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- CY 2010 Passenger Boarding Archived February 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Puerto Ricans protest deal with Mexican firm to run airport". EFE. February 13, 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- Sechler, Bob (February 26, 2013). "Puerto Rico Airport to Go Private". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
- "JetBlue | Help". Help.jetblue.com. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- "JetBlue | Investor relations | Press Releases". Investor.jetblue.com. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- "New Airport Terminal Opens in San Juan". Caribbean Journal. December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- "LMM Airport officials unveil new $55M Terminal C". News Is My Business. March 18, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- Passenger Movement LMM International Airport 2001–2006 Puerto Rico Ports Authority
- Passenger Movement LMM International Airport 2002–2007 Puerto Rico Ports Authority
- Passenger Movement LMM International Airport 2008–2009 Puerto Rico Ports Authority
- Passenger Movement LMM International Airport Jul 2009 – Jun 2011 Puerto Rico Ports Authority
- Carga y pasajeros aéreos y marítimos Instituto de Estadísticas de Puerto Rico
- Información Financiera Aeropuertos del Sureste
- "San Juan, PR: Luis Munoz Marin International (SJU)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
- "Air Carriers : T-100 Segment (All Carriers)". 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident de Havilland DH-114 Heron 2D N563PR San Juan". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- "N27PR Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- "NTSB Identification: MIA86MA217". National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- "N28PR Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- "NTSB Identification: MIA89FA096". National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- "N100DW Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- "American Airlines flight 574, In-flight Fire, San Juan, Puerto Rico, July 9, 1998". www.ntsb.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- Aviation Safety Network Retrieved November 27, 2006
- "N19BA Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "MIA01IA110". National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- "Crash During Landing, Executive Airlines Flight 5401, Avions de Transport Regional 72–212, N438AT, San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 9, 2004" (PDF). Retrieved April 23, 2013.
- "The Aviation Herald". Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- "Cargo plane crashes in Puerto Rico with 3 on board". Archived from the original on May 1, 2012.
- "De alta pasajeras heridas en accidente con de avión de JetBlue". El Nuevo Dia. 2014-08-10. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
Media related to Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- (PDF), effective October 13, 2016
- Resources for this airport: