Luis Ramírez de Lucena
Luis Ramírez de Lucena (c. 1465 – c. 1530) was a Spanish chess player who published the first still-existing chess book. He was probably the son of the humanist writer and diplomat Juan de Lucena, from a family of Jews who converted to Roman Catholicism.
Lucena wrote the oldest surviving printed book on chess, Repetición de Amores y Arte de Ajedrez con 101 Juegos de Partido ("Repetition of Love and the Art of Playing Chess"), published in Salamanca around 1497. The book contains analysis of eleven chess openings but contains many elementary errors that led chess historian H. J. R. Murray to suggest that it was prepared in a hurry. The book was written when the rules of chess were taking their modern form (see origins of modern chess), and some of the 150 positions in the book are of the old game and some of the new. Prior to the analysis stands an antifeminist diatrib. Fewer than a dozen copies of the book exist.
The Lucena position is named after him, even though it does not appear in his book. (It was first published in 1634 by Alessandro Salvio.) The smothered mate (later named Philidor's legacy) is in the book.
- (it) Article by Daniele Ciani about Luis Lucena, on the web site Chess Archeology
- Matulka 1931, p. 5.
- H.J.R. Murray, A History of Chess, 1913/2012, p=786
- Matulka 1931, p. 6.
- M. C. Romeo. "Lucena - a mystery after 500 years". Archived from the original on July 2, 2009.
- See the image of p. 201 of the book
- Hooper, David and Kenneth Whyld (1996). The Oxford Companion to Chess. Oxford University. ISBN 0-19-280049-3.
- Barbara Matulka (1931). An anti-feminist treatise of fifteenth century Spain: Lucena's Repetición de Amores. Comparative Literature Series. New York Institute of French Studies.
- Lucena's book online
- Berliner Schach-Erinnerungen nebst den Spielen des Greco und Lucena by Baron von der Lasa, Leipzig 1859 - includes German translation and commentary on Lucena's work