Luísa Diogo

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Luísa Diogo
Luisa Dias Diogo - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2009 crop.jpg
Prime Minister of Mozambique
In office
17 February 2004 – 16 January 2010
President Joaquim Chissano
Armando Guebuza
Preceded by Pascoal Mocumbi
Succeeded by Aires Ali
Personal details
Born (1958-04-11) 11 April 1958 (age 58)
Political party FRELIMO
Alma mater Eduardo Mondlane University
University of London

Luísa Dias Diogo (born 11 April 1958) was Prime Minister of Mozambique from February 2004 to January 2010. She replaced Pascoal Mocumbi, who had been Prime Minister for the previous nine years. Before becoming Prime Minister, she was Minister of Planning and Finance, and she continued to hold that post until February 2005.[1] She was the first female Prime Minister of Mozambique. Diogo represents the party FRELIMO, which has ruled the country since independence in 1975.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Diogo studied economics at Maputo's Eduardo Mondlane University. She graduated with a bachelor's degree in 1983. She went on to obtain a master's degree in financial economics at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London in 1992.

Career[edit]

Diogo began working in the Mozambique Finance Ministry in 1980 while she was still a college student. She became head of department in 1986 and national budget director in 1989. She then went to work for the World Bank, as the programme officer in Mozambique.[3] In 1994 she joined the FRELIMO government as Deputy Minister of Finance under Mozambican President Joaquim Chissano.

In 2003, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan appointed Diogo to the United Nations Commission on the Private Sector and Development, which was co-chaired by Prime Minister Paul Martin of Canada and President Ernesto Zedillo of Mexico.[4]

Prime Minister, 2004–2010[edit]

Diogo was appointed prime minister in February 2004, succeeding Pascoal Mocumbi. She continued to hold her post as finance minister until 2005.[5]

In September 2005, Diogo was the international guest speaker at the British Labour Party Conference.

In 2006, Annan appointed Diogo to co-chair a High-level Panel on United Nations Systemwide Coherence, which was set up to explore how the United Nations system could work more coherently and effectively across the world in the areas of development, humanitarian assistance and the environment.[6]

After reports that some farmers were refusing to leave their livestock in areas threatened by the 2007 Mozambican flood, Diogo ordered forcible evacuations of citizens in low-lying areas of the Zambezi valley.[7]

During her time in office, Diogo urged the African health ministers to offer reproductive and sexual health services free of charge throughout the continent. These services could reduce infant mortality by two thirds, reduce maternal mortality by three quarters, reverse the spread of AIDS, and promote gender equality and the empowerment of women. The target set by the UN is to achieve these goals by 2015.[8]

Diogo also focused on gender equality and women's empowerment through a recently launched "Network of Women Ministers and Parliamentarians" (MUNIPA). The MUNIPA network aims to strengthen advocacy and lobbying activities so that policies and legislation are adopted favourable to gender equity and women's empowerment. Promoting equality between men and women is a central concern of the Mozambican government, which has been adopting instruments to promote women's empowerment at all levels [of government].[9]

Life after politics[edit]

In August 2010, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed Diogo to the High-Level Panel on Global Sustainability, which was co-chaired by presidents Tarja Halonen of Finland and Jacob Zuma of South Africa.

In 2012, Diogo became the chairperson of Barclays Bank in Mozambique.[10]

In 2014, Diogo came second to Filipe Nyusi in FRELIMO’s elections for candidate in that year’s general elections.[11] At the time, she was backed by a party faction led by Chissano.[12]

In 2016, Diogo was appointed by Erik Solheim, the Chairman of the Development Assistance Committee, to serve on the High Level Panel on the Future of the Development Assistance Committee under the leadership of Mary Robinson.[13]

In addition, Diogo holds a variety of honorary positions, including:

Trivia[edit]

In a 2010 op-ed in the New York Times, Irish musician and activist Bono described Diogo as having "the lioness energy of an Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, a Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala or a Graça Machel."[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mateus Chale, "Guebuza names cabinet to fight poverty", Reuters (IOL), February 4, 2005.
  2. ^ Skard, Torild (2014) "Luisa Diogo" in Women of power - half a century of female presidents and prime ministers worldwide, Bristol: Policy Press, ISBN 978-1-44731-578-0
  3. ^ Members of the Council: Luísa Diogo African Union Foundation.
  4. ^ Felicity Barringer (July 27, 2003), U.N. Will Back Entrepreneurs In Bid to Lift Poor Nations New York Times.
  5. ^ Germany's Angela Merkel Joins Select Group of Female Leaders Wall Street Journal, November 23, 2005.
  6. ^ High-level panel on UN System-wide Coherence – panel composition United Nations.
  7. ^ Michael Wines (February 13, 2007), More than 68,000 Displaced by Mozambique Floods New York Times.
  8. ^ "Mozambique; Diogo Calls for Free Reproductive Health Services." Africa News 21 September 2006 29 April 2008.
  9. ^ "Mozambique; Network of Women Ministers And Parliamentarians." Africa News 6 May 2007 29 April 2008 <http://www.lexisnexis.com/us/lnacademic/results/docview/docview.do?docLinkInd=true&risb=21_T3639212382&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&startDocNo=1&resultsUrlKey=29_T3639212388&cisb=22_T3639212387&treeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=8320&docNo=14>.
  10. ^ Members of the Council: Luísa Diogo African Union Foundation.
  11. ^ Andrew England (June 15, 2014), Mozambique investors worry about stability as elections loom Financial Times.
  12. ^ Tom Bowker, Mike Cohen and William Felimao (October 14, 2014), Nyusi Set to Rule Gas-Rich Mozambique Under Guebuza’s Shadow Bloomberg News.
  13. ^ High Level Panel on the Future of the Development Assistance Committee Development Assistance Committee.
  14. ^ Members of the Council: Luísa Diogo African Union Foundation.
  15. ^ Members of the Council: Luísa Diogo African Union Foundation.
  16. ^ Conselho Consultivo NOVAFRICA of the Universidade Nova de Lisboa.
  17. ^ Bono (April 18, 2010), Africa Reboots New York Times.

[1]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Pascoal Mocumbi
Prime Minister of Mozambique
2004–2010
Succeeded by
Aires Ali