Luise Anna Schwarzschild
16 January 1926
|Died||15 April 2018(aged 92)|
|Education||St Anne's College, Oxford|
Luise Anna Hercus née Schwarzschild, (16 January 1926 – 15 April 2018) was a German-born linguist who lived in Australia from 1954. After significant early work on Middle Indo-Aryan dialects (Prakrits) she had specialised in Australian Aboriginal languages since 1963, when she took it up as a hobby. Works authored or co-authored by her are influential, and often among the primary resource materials on many languages of Australia.,
Life and career
Hercus was born Luise Anna Schwarzschild on 16 January 1926 in Munich, Germany, to the artist Alfred and his wife, Theodora Schwarzschild. The family descended from a long line of rabbis, merchants and intellectuals. On the assumption of power in Germany by Hitler, their position as Jewish people rapidly deteriorated, despite financial assistance from an uncle who had emigrated to the United States. With her family, she took refuge in England in 1938, and the family settled in East Finchley, in northern London, where she attended Tollington Hill School. Due to the air raids on London, the family moved to Hampstead Gardens. At 17, Hercus won a scholarship to St Anne's College, Oxford, where she graduated with a bachelor's degree in Oriental Studies in 1946, followed by an M.A.
In 1948, she was appointed tutor and lecturer at St Anne's College, a position she held until 1954, when she emigrated to Australia. She married the scientist Graham Robertson Hercus, on 23 February 1955 (died 1974). Together they had one child, Iain Robertson Hercus, who obtained a doctorate in astronomy.
From 1965 to 1969, Hercus was a research fellow at the University of Adelaide, South Australia. It was at that time that she began to pursue private studies in Aboriginal languages, managing to pull some from the brink of oblivion, as for example with Wangganguru, which she recorded with the assistance of her informant, Mick McLean Irinjili. After 1969, she took up an appointment as senior lecturer, and then reader, in Sanskrit, in the Department of South Asian and Buddhist Studies at the Australian National University, Canberra..
Hercus had been publishing significant articles on linguistic features of Middle Indo-Aryan dialects (Prakrits) since 1953 (using her maiden name), and a collected volume reprinting and indexing them was published by the ANU Faculty of Asian Studies in 1991 (her last article on the topic was in 1979).
After 1991, she became a visiting fellow in the Department of Linguistics at ANU, writing up grammars, dictionaries and traditional texts, and continuing fieldwork, mainly in the north of South Australia and adjacent areas of New South Wales and Queensland.
In January 2016, AIATSIS presented Hercus with digital copies of the foundational sound recordings, of which she had made over 1,000 hours ranging over 56 native languages and dialects, as a token of gratitude in celebrating her 90th birthday. Included in the material were unique sound recordings of Pantyikali, Nukunu, Woiwurrung, Dadi Dadi, Djadjala, Gunnai, Narungga, Wadi Wadi, Wergaia, Kurnu, and Nari Nari. In addition, a second Festschrift, the book, Language, land and song: Studies in honour of Luise Hercus, with contributions from over 30 scholars, was published online in 2017, to honour her lifelong engagement with Aboriginal people and their languages.
Hercus wrote on, among others, the following languages (and their dialects):
Besides Australian languages, Hercus also studied Romance and early Indian languages.
- (1965) The languages of Victoria: A late survey in two parts.
- (1981) The Bagandji language. (Pacific Linguistics)
- (1986) This is what happened: historical narratives by Aborigines.
- (1991) Collected articles of LA Schwarzschild on Middle Indo-Aryan (1953-1979)
- (1999) A Grammar Of The Wirangu Language From The West Coast Of South Australia
- (2009) Aboriginal Placenames: Naming and Re-naming the Australian Landscape. Aboriginal History Monographs, 19. ANU E Press. October 2009. ISBN 978-1-921666-09-4. (ed., with Harold Koch)
- (2009) Two Rainbow Serpents Travelling: Mura Track Narratives From the 'Corner Country'.
- (2010) with G Miller. P. Monaghan et al., A Dictionary of the Wirangu Language of the Far West Coast of South Australia, Tjutjunaku Worka Tjuta and University of Adelaide, Adelaide.
- (2012) Trees from the dreaming.
Of particular value to her Aboriginal informants is her
- (2011) Paakantyi Dictionary (AIATSIS).
Hercus worked with Janet Mathews (1914–1992), who recorded around 180 hours of Aboriginal music and language, "containing testimony from more than eighty Aboriginal people". Hercus co-wrote an obituary for Mathews after her death in 1992. Their work proved important in providing evidence of sacred sites on Mumbulla Mountain in New South Wales in the late 1970s.
Notes and references
- "Luise Hercus Obituary". The Canberra Times. 21 April 2018. Archived from the original on 21 April 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
- Kauffman, Paul (26 April 2018). "Obituary: Dr Luise Anna Hercus". The Australian. Archived from the original on 12 July 2021. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
- "Vale Dr Luise Hercus". AIATSIS. Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- White 1990, p. i.
- White 1990, p. ii.
- Sleeman 2001, p. 243.
- White 1990, p. ix.
- Rothwell 2010, p. 52.
- "Ngayana Diyari Yawarra Yathayilha: Supporting the Dieri language". 28 February 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
- Schwarzschild 1991.
- Luise Hercus - ANU Press http://press.anu.edu.au/press-author/luise-hercus/
- White 1990.
- Obituary, AIATSIS News and events, Apr. 27, 2018.
- Austin, Peter K.; Koch, Harold; Simpson, Jane, eds. (2017). Language, Land and Song: Studies in honour of Luise Hercus. ELPublishing. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- AIATSIS 2016.
- Hercus, L. A. (Luise Anna) 1926- http://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n84094231/
- Hercus, Luise A. "Paakantyi Dictionary". academia.edu. AIATSIS. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- "Queen's Birthday 1995 Honours" (PDF). Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
- Thomas, Martin (18 March 2016). Janet Elizabeth Mathews. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Research edited by Samuel Furphy. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
Published online 2016... published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 19, (ANU Press), 2021
- Koch, Grace; Hercus, Luise (1992). "Janet Mathews". Australian Aboriginal Studies (1): 106–107 – via Informit.
- "Biamanga Protest Site". Bega Shire's Hidden Heritage: 101 Objects. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
- "Celebrating Luise Hercus". Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. 22 January 2016.
- Rothwell, Nicolas (2010). Journeys to the Interior. Black. ISBN 978-1-863-95462-4.
- Schwarzschild, Luise Anna (1991). Collected articles of LA Schwarzschild on Middle-Indo Aryan 1953-1979. Faculty of Asian Studies, Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-731-51220-1.
- Sleeman, Elizabeth, ed. (2001). "Luise Anna Hercus". The International Who's Who of Women. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-1-857-43122-3.
- White, Isobel (1990). "Introduction". In Austin, Peter; Dixon, R.M.W.; Dutton, T.; White, I. (eds.). Language and History: Essays in Honour of Luise A. Hercus. ANU Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies. pp. 1–viii. ISBN 978-0-858-83398-2.