Luisia

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Luisia
Luisia psyche - Curtis' 92 (Ser. 3 no. 22) pl. 5558 (1866).jpg
Luisia psyche
1866 illustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Vandeae
Subtribe: Aeridinae
Alliance: Vanda
Genus: Luisia
Gaudich.
Type species
Luisia teretifolia
Gaudich.
Synonyms[2]

Luisia, abbreviated as Lsa in horticultural trade, is a genus of epiphytical orchids in family Orchidaceae. It contains about 40 species found in tropical Asia, Indian subcontinent, China, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Australia, Micronesia and Melanesia.[2]

The genus was named by Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupré in 1829 for Luis de Torres, native Vice Governor of Guam.

The species in this genus are erect or climbing epiphytes with a monopodial growth and with the same vegetative look as terete (= cylindrical or tapering and circular in cross-section) Vandas. The clumped stems branch near the base and carry alternate, terete leaves, conduplicate to the stem base. The axillary, short and elongate inflorescence produce several flowers at a time. The flowers have a bee-like appearance; "bee orchid" is sometimes used as a name for the genus. The fleshy labellum is usually dark red and shows no spur at its base. The labellum is rigid and consists of two parts. The basal part has short sidelobes and may have cushion-like glands. The somewhat ovate apical part sometimes shows toothed margins.[3]

Media related to Luisia at Wikimedia Commons

Species[edit]

  1. Luisia abrahamii Vatsala in A.Abraham & P.Vatsala, 1981
  2. Luisia amesiana Rolfe, 1893
  3. Luisia antennifera Blume, 1849
  4. Luisia appressifolia Aver., 2000
  5. Luisia boninensis Schltr., 1906
  6. Luisia brachystachys (Lindl.) Blume, 1849
  7. Luisia cantharis Rolfe, 1895
  8. Luisia celebica Schltr., 1911
  9. Luisia confusa Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers, 1863
  10. Luisia cordata Fukuy., 1934
  11. Luisia cordatilabia Ames & Quisumb. (1933, publ. 1934)
  12. Luisia curtisii Seidenf., 1997
  13. Luisia filiformis Hook.f., 1890
  14. Luisia foxworthii Ames, 1908
  15. Luisia hancockii Rolfe, 1896
  16. Luisia javanica J.J.Sm., 1914
  17. Luisia jonesii J.J.Sm., 1914
  18. Luisia longispica Z.H.Tsi & S.C.Chen, 1994
  19. Luisia macrantha Blatt. & McCann, 1932
  20. Luisia macrotis Rchb.f.,, 1869
  21. Luisia magniflora Z.H.Tsi & S.C.Chen, 1994
  22. Luisia megasepala Hayata, 1914
  23. Luisia microptera Rchb.f., 1870
  24. Luisia morsei Rolfe,, 1903
  25. Luisia primulina C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.,, 1874
  26. Luisia psyche Rchb.f., 1863
  27. Luisia pulniana Vatsala in A.Abraham & P.Vatsala, 1981
  28. Luisia ramosii Ames, 1911
  29. Luisia recurva Seidenf.,, 1971
  30. Luisia secunda Seidenf., 1971
  31. Luisia taurina J.J.Sm., 1910
  32. Luisia tenuifolia Blume, 1849
  33. Luisia teres (Thunb.) Blume, 1849
  34. Luisia thailandica Seidenf., 1971
  35. Luisia trichorhiza (Hook.) Blume, 1849
  36. Luisia tristis (G.Forst.) Hook.f., 1890
  37. Luisia unguiculata J.J.Sm., 1926
  38. Luisia volucris Lindl., 1853
  39. Luisia zollingeri Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers, 1863

Intergeneric hybrids[edit]

  • x Aeridisia (Aerides x Luisia)
  • x Aeridovanisia (Aerides x Luisia x Vanda)
  • x Ascogastisia (Ascocentrum x Gastrochilus x Luisia)
  • x Debruyneara (Ascocentrum x Luisia x Vanda)
  • x Dominyara (Ascocentrum x Luisia x Neofinetia x Rhynchostylis )
  • x Gastisia (Gastrochilus x Luisia)
  • x Gastisocalpa (Gastrochilus x Luisia x Pomatocalpa)
  • x Goffara (Luisia x Rhynchostylis x Vanda)
  • x Luascotia (Ascocentrum x Luisia x Neofinetia)
  • x Luicentrum (Ascocentrum x Luisia)
  • x Luichilus (Luisia x Sarcochilus)
  • x Luinetia (Luisia x Neofinetia)
  • x Luinopsis (Luisia x Phalaenopsis)
  • x Luisanda (Luisia x Vanda)
  • x Luistylis (Luisia x Rhynchostylis )
  • x Luivanetia (Luisia x Neofinetia x Vanda)
  • x Pageara (Ascocentrum x Luisia x Rhynchostylis x Vanda)
  • x Pomatisia (Luisia x Pomatocalpa)
  • x Scottara (Aerides x Arachnis x Luisia)
  • x Trautara (Doritis x Luisia x Phalaenopsis)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walter Hood Fitch (1817-1892) del. et lith. Description by James Bateman (1811-1897) - "Curtis's Botanical Magazine" vol. 92 (Ser. 3 no. 22) pl. 5558
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Flora of China, v 25 p 488, 钗子股属 chai zi gu shu, Luisia Gaudichaud, Voy. Uranie, Bot. 426. 1829.
  • Seidenfaden G. (1971). "Notes on The Genus Luisia". Dansk Botanisk Arkiv. 27 (4): 1–101.