Luka (Voyno-Yasenetsky)

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Archbishop Luka
Лука (Войно-Ясенецкий).jpg
Archbishop Luka Voyno-Yasenetsky
prelate, confessor
Born 9 May 1877
Kerch, Taurida Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 11 June 1961(1961-06-11) (aged 84)
Simferopol, Soviet Union
Venerated in Eastern Orthodoxy
Canonized 25 May 1996, Sarov Monastery by Holy Governing Synod, Russian Orthodox Church
Major shrine Holy Trinity Cathedral, Simferopol
Feast May 29/June 11 (Repose)
Attributes a surgeon, the founder of purulent surgery in Russia
USSR State Prize in 1944

Archbishop Luka [1][2](Luke, Russian: Архиепи́скоп Лука́, born Valentin Felixovich Voyno-Yasenetsky, Russian: Валенти́н Фе́ликсович Во́йно-Ясене́цкий; April 27/May 9, 1877 in Kerch – June 11, 1961, Simferopol) was an outstanding surgeon, the founder of purulent surgery, a spiritual writer, a bishop of Russian Orthodox Church, and an archbishop of Simferopol and of the Crimea since May 1946. He was a laureate of Stalin Prize in medicine in 1946.

His most important work in medicine is Purulent Surgery Essays, 1934. This is still a reference book and a manual for surgeons. As a noticeable religious figure, he was subjected to political repressions and spent 11 years in internal exile. Luka was born into a family of faithful parents but, according to his memoirs, did not receive a religious upbringing from his family. He apprehended the Christ's teaching by assiduous reading of the New Testament.


He was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church on May 25, 1996. His feast day is May 29/June 11 (Julian [Old] Calendar/Gregorian [New] Calendar). On March 17, 1996, St. Luke's remains were disinterred, with many thousands of people attending the ceremony. It is said that an indescribable aroma arose from his relics, while his heart was discovered incorrupt, a testament to the great love he bore towards Christ and his fellow men. Three days later on March 20, 1996, his relics were transferred to the Church of the Holy Trinity[3].

His relics which continue to work countless miracles are found in the Church of the Holy Trinity in Simferopol and in many other Orthodox churches around the world. He is beloved and celebrated worldwide. In Greece portions of relics of Saint Luke are found in Sagmata monastery, Dovra monastery and few other churches.


Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Innocent (Pustynsky)
Bishop of Tashkent and Turkestan
Succeeded by
Sergius (Lavrov)
Preceded by
Anthony (Milovidov)
Archbishop of Krasnoyarsk and Yenisei
Succeeded by
Bartholomew (Gorodtsov)
Preceded by
Gregory (Chykov)
Archbishop of Tambov and Michurinsk
Succeeded by
Joasaph (Jurmanov)
Preceded by
Joasaph (Jurmanov)
Archbishop of Simferopol and Crimea
Succeeded by
Alypius (Chotovitskiy)

See also[edit]


  • Archdeacon Vasiliy Marushchak, The Blessed Surgeon: The Life of Saint Luke of Simferopol, Divine Ascent Press, 2002
  • Archmandrite Nektarios Antonopoulos, Saint Luke of Simferopol and Crimea I Embraced Martyrdom: An Autobiography, Porphyra Publications, 2013 (in Greek)