Luka Zhidiata was the second bishop of Novgorod the Great (1035–1060) and saint of the Russian Orthodox Church. He replaced Efrem, who was not consecrated bishop, but who administered the eparchy from the death of Ioakim Korsunianin until Luka's appointment.
Little is known of Luka. He was the first Rus-born bishop of the Rus church; all previous ones had been Greek. His surname may indicate a Jewish background, although this is disputed by some scholars. The original Cathedral of Holy Wisdom burned down during his episcopate and was replaced by the current stone structure, possibly the oldest building still in use in Russia, which Luka consecrated on September 14, 1052.
Luka opposed the Kyivan Grand Princes' appointments of Hilarion and Efrem as metropolitans of Kyiv, not simply to oppose Kyiv, but because it was the prerogative of the Patriarch of Constantinople to name the Kyivan metropolitan. For this he was confined in the Kyiv Caves Monastery where he died on October 15, 1060. His remains were returned to Novgorod, where he was buried in the Cathedral of Holy Wisdom, the first person to be buried there.
- see Michael C. Paul, ‘A Man Chosen by God’: The Office of Archbishop in Novgorod Russia 1165-1478. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Miami, 2003.
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