Luke 10

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Luke 10
Papyrus 4 (Luk 6.4-16).jpg
Luke 6:4-16 on Papyrus 4, written about AD 150-175.
Book Gospel of Luke
Bible part New Testament
Order in the Bible part 3
Category Gospel

Luke 10 is the tenth chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records the sending of seventy disciples by Jesus, the famous parable about the Good Samaritan, and His visit to the house of Mary and Martha.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as Acts.[2]

Text[edit]

Structure[edit]

This chapter can be grouped (with cross references to other parts of the Bible):

The Parable of the Good Samaritan[edit]

The Parable of the Good Samaritan by Jan Wijnants (1670) shows the Good Samaritan tending the injured man.

This parable is mentioned only in this chapter of the New Testament. Jesus told a story of a traveller (who may or may not have been a Jew[3]) who is beaten, robbed, and left half dead along the road. First a priest and then a Levite come by, but both avoid the man. Finally, a Samaritan comes by. Samaritans and Jews generally despised each other, but the Samaritan helps the injured man. Jesus is described as telling the parable in response to a question regarding the identity of the "neighbour", who Leviticus 19:18 says should be loved.

Portraying a Samaritan in a positive light would have come as a shock to Jesus's audience.[4] Some Christians, such as Augustine, have interpreted the parable allegorically, with the Samaritan representing Jesus Christ, who saves the sinful soul.[5] Others, however, discount this allegory as unrelated to the parable's original meaning[5] and see the parable as exemplifying the ethics of Jesus.[6]

The parable has inspired painting, sculpture, poetry, and film. The colloquial phrase "good Samaritan", meaning someone who helps a stranger, derives from this parable, and many hospitals and charitable organizations are named after the Good Samaritan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an abbreviated Bible commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ Joel B. Green, The Gospel of Luke, Eerdmans, 1997, ISBN 0-8028-2315-7, p. 429.
  4. ^ Funk, Robert W., Roy W. Hoover, and the Jesus Seminar. The five gospels. HarperSanFrancisco. 1993. "Luke" p. 271-400
  5. ^ a b Caird, G. B. (1980). The Language and Imagery of the Bible. Duckworth. p. 165.
  6. ^ Sanders, E. P. The historical figure of Jesus. Penguin, 1993. p. 6.

External links[edit]


Preceded by
Luke 9
Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke
Succeeded by
Luke 11