Luke 6:4-16 on Papyrus 4, written about AD 150-175.
|Book||Gospel of Luke|
|Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Bible part||3|
- Papyrus 4, (AD 150-175; extant: verses 8-38)
- Papyrus 75 (175-225; extant: verses 18-38)
- Codex Vaticanus (325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Codex Bezae (c. 400)
- Codex Washingtonianus (400)
- Codex Alexandrinus (c. 400-440)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (c. 450; extant: verses 21-38)
This chapter can be grouped:
- Luke 3:1-6 = John the Baptist Prepares the Way
- Luke 3:7-20 = John Preaches to the People
- Luke 3:21-22 = John Baptizes Jesus
- Luke 3:23-38 = The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
John the Baptist
Luke, as in the first two chapters, provides a chronological guide to the events he describes:
- In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar—when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, Herod tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and Traconitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene— during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the desert. (1-2)
Tiberius' fifteenth year of rule was AD 29 or 30, so if one believes Luke, one can date the start of John's preaching to then.
Luke, like Mark 1:2-3 Matthew 3:3 and John 1:23 quotes Isaiah 40 but quotes it to the greatest length in reference to John. It is possible that he does this to include the message that "...all mankind will see God's salvation" (6) to his Gentile audience. (Brown 235) He preaches baptism and repentance, and tells people that their descent from Abraham will not save them from God, that "...out of these stones God can raise up children for Abraham. The axe is already at the root of the trees, and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire." (8-9)
The people ask what they should do and John says share and that tax collectors and soldiers should not abuse their positions. They ask him if he is the Christ, and he replies "I baptize you with water. But one more powerful than I will come, the thongs of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire." (16) also found in Matthew 3:11 Mark 1:7-8 and John 1:26-27. John is then locked up by Herod for rebuking him about his wife Herodias and everything else as well.
Jesus's baptism and genealogy
Luke then tells us then Jesus was one of the many that John baptized. The Holy Spirit appears to him as a dove and tells him "You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased." which happens in all the gospels.
Luke says that "...Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry." (23). Luke does not state how many years John baptised for but this is when most date the start of Jesus's ministry, 29 or 30. He had to be more than thirty years old, as he was born about six months before Jesus was born, as noted in Luke 1. Most probably John was born in 4 BC.
Luke then gives us, like Matthew 1, a genealogy of Jesus, starting with his legal father Joseph and lists 73 people between Joseph and Adam who Luke says is "...the Son of God" (38) thus having 75 people between God and Jesus. It is longer and different from Matthew's list. It lists Joseph's father and thus Jesus's grandfather as Heli, which could be Mary's father, as noted in the Talmud. On the other hand, Matthew records the name of Joseph's father was Jacob. They then say that Jesus's great grandfather was named Matthat or Matthan, who could be the same person or, as first suggested by Julius Africanus, brothers. The lists then diverge from there, coming together again at David.
- Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda,
- Genealogy of Jesus
- John the Baptist
- Messianic prophecies of Jesus
- Related Bible parts: Genesis 5, Genesis 49, Numbers 27, Numbers 36, Isaiah 40, Zechariah 12, Matthew 1, Matthew 3, Mark 1, John 1
- Brown, Raymond E. An Introduction to the New Testament Doubleday 1997 ISBN 0-385-24767-2
- Genealogy of Jesus Accessed 7 November 2005
- Luke 3 NIV Accessed 7 November 2005
|Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke