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Hunter has worked on the ecology and conservation of carnivores in Africa since 1992. His doctorate and post-doctoral research developed methods to re-establish populations of cheetahs and lions in areas where they had been extirpated from Southern Africa. His current projects include assessing the effects of sport hunting and illegal persecution on leopards outside protected areas, developing a conservation strategy for lions across their African range, and the first intensive study of Persian leopards, striped hyaenas, wolves and the last surviving Asiatic cheetahs in Iran.
- Hunter, Luke, and Priscilla Barrett. Wild Cats of the World. London ; New York : Bloomsbury Natural History, 2015
- Hunter, Luke, and Priscilla Barrett. Carnivores of the World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011.
- Raubtiere der Welt : ein Feldführer (German translation, 2012)
- Hunter, Luke, and Gerald Hinde. Cats of Africa: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.
- Hunter, Luke, Susan Rhind, and David Andrew. Watching Wildlife: Southern Africa. Melbourne: Lonely Planet, 2002.
- Hunter, Luke, and David Andrew. Watching Wildlife: Central America. Footscray, Vic: Lonely Planet Publications, 2002.