Lukyanivska Prison

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Lukyanivska Prison (Ukrainian: Лук'янівська в'язниця, transliterated: "Luk'yanivs'ka v'yaznitsya") is a famous historical prison in the Ukrainian capital Kiev, located in the central Lukyanivka neighborhood of the city. It is officially known as SIZO#13 (Ukrainian: Слідчий ізолятор№13, Slidchyi izolyator #13) which is a portmanteau for Slidchyi IZOlyator (Ukrainian: слідчий ізолятор).

Though the facility is now functioning as a pre-conviction detention center, it is still colloquially called a "prison". The compound now includes minor examples of the historical architecture. The prison is infamous for its poor condition.[1][2][3] Since late February 2016 the complex is on sale; its buyer has to build a new detention facility outside Kiev in exchange for the territory of Lukyanivska Prison.[4]

view from South


Historic image of Lukyanivska Prison, 1900

The foundation of the prison dates back to early 19th century when it was built by the guberniya architect Mikhail Ikonnikov in 1859-1862. It was officially commissioned in 1863. In Soviet times the prison's church was converted to include extra holding cells. The prison contains several subterranean corridors that connect the prison's buildings with each other. During the Stalinism it was the prison of the OGPU Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union during which time it accounted for more than 25,000 inmates.

The prison consists of several buildings that over the years were uniquely titled by the holdovers. The oldest building is known as Katenka. It is the building that kept all of those sentenced to life imprisonment. The next oldest building is called Stolypinka which was named after the Russian Prime Minister Stolypin. Later another two buildings were added to its structure: Brezhnivka (built after the war) and Kuchmovka (built at times of the Ukrainian independence). There is also a juvenile detention building known as Maloletka ("Underage") or Stalinka. Other buildings are ZhK (female building), Bolnichka (Hospital).

Ukrainian Ombudsman Nina Karpachova stated in September 2011 that while the facility was designed for 2,850 inmates, 3,800 were held there at the time; she also pointed out that 47 inmates with active tuberculosis threatened the health of other inmates and personnel.[1] It is reported that there is no hot water in the facility.[5] According to TVi constitutional rights of prisoners has been violated in the institute.[3] In April 2012 Kiev Prosecutor Anatoliy Melnyk stated the facility was and had been regularly overcrowded.[2]

In order to improve the living conditions of inmates the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice put the Lukyanivska complex on sale late February 2016.[4] Its buyer has to build a new detention facility outside Kiev in exchange for the territory of Lukyanivska Prison.[4]

Notable inmates[edit]


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°27′43.92″N 30°28′1.58″E / 50.4622000°N 30.4671056°E / 50.4622000; 30.4671056