Luma (plant)

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Luma apiculata5.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Subfamily: Myrtoideae
Tribe: Myrteae
Genus: Luma

Myrceugenella Kausel

Luma is a genus of flowering plants in the myrtle family Myrtaceae, described as a genus in 1853.[2][3] It is native to the Valdivian temperate rain forests of Chile and Argentina.[1]

They are shrubs or small trees with evergreen foliage and smooth red or orange bark, typically reaching 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall and up to 1 m (3 ft) in trunk diameter. The leaves are opposite, oval, 1–5 cm long and 0.5–3 cm broad, entire, glossy dark green, with a spicy scent if crushed. The flowers are 2 cm diameter with four white petals and numerous stamens; the fruit is a small purple or black berry 1 cm diameter.

The genus name derives from the Mapuche (Native American) name for a related species, Amomyrtus luma. Though it grows slowly, luma wood is very dense and durable.


Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Luma apiculata, fruit (8649762847).jpg Luma apiculata (DC.) Burret, Notizbl. Chilean myrtle, known in Spanish as Arrayán or Temu S Chile, S Argentina; naturalized in Alpine County in California
Luma chequen (8650863234).jpg Luma chequen (Molina) A.Gray Chequén or Huillipeta Central Chile; naturalized in Peru and Bolivia
formerly included[1][4]

A long list of over 100 other names have been proposed in the genus, nearly all of them now regarded as members of other genera: Blepharocalyx, Eugenia, Myrceugenia, etc.


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Gray, Asa. 1853. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 3: 52–53 description in Latin, commentary in English
  3. ^ Tropicos, Luma A. Gray
  4. ^ Burret, (Maximilian) Karl Ewald. 1941. Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahlem 15: 518-542